From 1861 to 1865, the Americans faced the civil war, which was due to the internal conflicts of the country and its states. Out of 34 American states, seven of the Southern slave states formed the Confederate States of America by declaring their withdrawal from the United States of America in the year 1961. Post this withdrawal, the South Carolina was attacked by the Confederates and the war broke down that went till 1865, with the triumph of Confederates (Giesberg, 2011).
The horrific issue of Slavery was the major reason for the war outbreak. However, after the four years of gruesome combat, around 4 million slaves were freed and granted civil rights in US during the Reconstruction Era (1863-1877) (Giesberg, 2011).
In the year 1862, there was legal enlisting of black people by the Union Army, and hence, a crucial role was played by former slaves. This resulted in fleeing a large population of black people towards North for achieving freedom and fighting against the oppressors of South (Laitin & Fearon, 2003).
The Union used a large black population as a number of different workers and soldiers. Even though they were available prior to the war, there was no extensive use of black regiments for the purpose of combat. In the typical sense, there was commanding of these regiments under the white officers. In the initial sense, there was payment of ten dollars on monthly basis to blacks, charging three dollars for uniform (Walters, 2013).
On the other hand, there was payment of thirteen dollars on monthly basis to the whites without charging anything for clothes. In the year 1864, Congress took the decision of passing law to guarantee equal pay to the US troops of non-white population. Further ahead, the black population started receiving equal quantity of rations and improved services of medical care (Walters, 2013).
Even after being enlisted under the authority of Union army, they were still experiencing race based discrimination due to the color of their skin. Blacks mostly used to receive jobs under the background of slavery like manual labor and cooking (Giesberg, 2011). The harsh reality reflected by civil war was that though former slaves were successful in attaining freedom, they were not successful in gaining social equality. They were provided with some rights to property and key difficulties were faced in getting jobs.