Studies in the recent times have indicated that more warming across the Indian Ocean has occurred even though the reasons lying beneath such warming are still under argument. Definitely, climate change is one of the reasons that have led towards various issues for regions. Australia is one such region wherein the influence of Dipole effect of Indian Ocean is apparent. This effect has led towards several major disastrous events to occur especially due to the warming stored within the Indian Ocean (Ashok et al., 2003). The Dipole is a crucial phenomenon apparent within the Indian Ocean.
The focus within this paper lies on explaining the way in which Indian Ocean based temperature changes have been connected to the extreme situations of weather in South East Australia. One such example of extreme condition apparent in Australian region is the 2009 drought and Black Saturday bushfires. The scope will lie in exploring the Dipole effect in the Indian Ocean (IOD) and the IOP patterns changed consequences for regions where water is scarce within the South east parts of Australia.
The positive events of Dipole across the 2006 to 2008 have surfaced to have preconditioned the catastrophic extreme condition of Black Saturday bushfires across Victoria. Hence, it has been realised that the El Nino results in alteration of the weather condition, whereas the positive phase of Indian Ocean Dipole results in the heat to get trapped within the atmosphere (Ummenhofer et al., 2011). The IOD is the difference present between the temperature of sea surface across the east and west part of the Indian Ocean (Ummenhofer et al., 2017). Hence, the change in recent trends of IOD results in increase within the warmer temperature and reduced rainfall.