Fundamentally, there is a theory (Johnson, 1962) that popular nationalism is a driver of China’s behaviour with two basic assumptions: Firstly, the Chinese party-state today is anxious that domestic disapproval of its foreign strategy as being too pacifying could lead to its downfall and secondly, that decision-makers view commercialised media and the internet as representative of public opinion. The first assumption may be true as per sources from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which is charged with the easier said than done role of conducting the China’s diplomatic relations with other countries, as well as elucidating China’s foreign policy positions to domestic and foreign listeners simultaneously. The MFA is often subject to withering criticism online with little or no obvious censorship. The MFA’s job would be much easier were they not subject to such pressure. The Huanqiu Shibao (Chinese version of Global Times) publishes hawkish articles that implicitly or explicitly criticize the foreign policy as insufficiently defensive of the national interest. By far the most powerful nationalist-leaning media channel in the country, Huanqiu Shibao articles are far and wide republished online, from conventional news portals to impenetrable military enthusiast forums, where they frequently aggravate criticism of the policy status quo as too weak.