In the year 2007, the Specified Gas Emitters Regulation policy was passed in Alberta that represented first regulation of North America with regard to greenhouse gases along with compliance to systems of pricing in Carbon. It was further required by SGER that facilities in Alberta emitting larger emissions will need to put a reduction to their emissions with the help of a 4 pathway policy adoption. This policy adoption was Specified Gas Emitters Regulation policy in Alberta. The SGER’s initial period of compliance was accepted leading towards spanning only for 6 months and the end of the same was by 2007, 1st December (Engineering, Geological and Geophysical Professions Act, 2006). The previous periods of compliance in Alberta were annual and in the year 2014 SGER’s final year compliance took place prior to modification of the program.
However, in Alberta by the year 2011 as well, maximum greenhouse gases amount were emitted comprising of all the provinces of Canada. In the year 2011, roughly one third of the total greenhouse gas emissions in Canada were revealed to be from Alberta indicating 702 MtCo2e2. In the same manner, Alberta also was second highest per capital emissions level in Canada. The emissions level was so high and it did not only indicated the reliance of Alberta on electricity fired by coal but also was indicative of role of Alberta as a supplier of energy at the global level (National Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, 2006). In addition, the third largest crude oil reserves are also found in Alberta after Saudi Arab and Venezuela. Due to this prominent role, the profiling emission at Alberta has been dominated through the activities in industries and the economies which have grown at a highly rapid rate than other provinces in Canada also.