代写英文:需求,供给和价格

代写英文:需求,供给和价格

当考虑到市场的供给方时,产品是由公司卖给消费者的。企业愿意生产和销售的产品数量总是带有不确定性。有许多变量,公司认为之前决定愿意生产的产品的数量,比如,产品的价格,工人的薪酬,原材料的成本和资金成本,技术用于生产产品,未来价格和生产者的期望。

根据供给定律,在其他条件不变的情况下,当产品价格较大时,供给量越大。同样,供给量也会减少;当产品价格较低时,假设其他因素不变。供给定律的结果是,当生产数量增加时,边际成本倾向于增加生产一种商品和服务。生产者只有在能够支付生产的边际成本的情况下才愿意提供一种商品。

与供给规律相一致,个体供给曲线斜率为正。解释正斜率时,这是公司应对价格上涨的方式。随着价格的上涨,企业雇佣更多的劳动力和购买更多的原材料来增加产量是有鼓励作用的。经常发生的情况是,在努力增加员工的力量,一个公司被迫支付加班费或雇用更少的生产力或更昂贵的工人比原来在那里。供给曲线可以表示不同产量的生产边际成本。边际原理可以用来解释这一点。

在解释某一特定产品的市场供给曲线时,重点是所有生产者愿意共同销售的产品数量与产品价格之间的关系。这个概念被称为“其他条件对等”。在绘制市场供给曲线时,假设所有其他影响单个供给曲线的变量都是常数。市场数量的供给简单地说就是所有公司在市场上供应的数量的相加。

代写英文:需求,供给和价格

When considering a market’s supply side, the products are sold to the consumers by the firms. There is always uncertainty attached with the quantity of products that a firm is willing to produce and sell. There are a number of variables that a firm considers before taking the decision on the quantity of the products it is willing to produce, such as, the product’s price, the workers’ remuneration, the cost of the raw materials, and the cost of capital, technology used in producing the products, the future prices and the expectation of the producer.

According to the law of supply, the quantity supplied is greater, when the product’s price is greater, under the assumption that other things remain constant. In the same way, the quantity supplied is smaller; when the product’s price is lower, under the assumption that other things remain constant. The result of the law of supply is the tendency that when quantity produced increases, there is propensity of the marginal cost to increase producing a good and service. There is willingness of the producers in supplying a good, only if it is possible in covering the production’s marginal cost.

Being consistent with the law of supply, there is positive slope for the individual supply curve. Explaining the positive slope, it is the way a firm can be responding to the price increase. As the price becomes higher, there is encouragement for a firm in increasing its output with the hire of more labor and purchase of more raw materials. It often happens that in the endeavor of increasing the employee strength, a firm is compelled in paying overtime or hiring less productive or more expensive workers than the ones who were there originally. The supply curve can be showing the production’s marginal cost for the different quantities produced. The marginal principles can be used to be explaining this.

When explaining a particular product’s market supply curve, the focal point is the relationship between quantity of the products that all producers are willing to sell together and the price of the products. This concept is known as ceteris paribus. The market supply curve is drawn with the assumption that all other variables affecting the individual supply curve is constant. The supply of the market quantity is simply the addition of the quantities supplied in the market by all firms.