Anorexia Nervosa: Girls suffering from anorexia nervosa will typically have a great fear of gaining weight and a fat body image. Many people with anorexia nervosa have consumed a limited amount of food and think that they look overweight even if they are in underweight condition. An individual’s health can be damaged by anorexia nervosa. Problems such as brain damage, bone loss, heart difficulties, multi-organ failure, and infertility can result, and can lead to death (Greenhalgh, 2015). These types of health issues increase the life risk of an individual.
Bulimia Nervosa: People with Bulimia Nervosa eat to excess followed by forced vomiting, extreme use of diuretics or laxatives, or excessive exercise. Girls suffering from this disease have a fear of gaining weight, and tend to feel wretched about their body shape and size. The purging and binge eating cycle results in a feeling of shame and guilt. This disease has dangerous effects such as heart difficulties, severe dehydration, and gastrointestinal problems from an electrolyte imbalance.
Binge Eating Disorder: People who suffer from binge eating disorder quickly lose control over eating. Bulimia nervosa has different forms of episodes of binge eating that are not followed compensatory behaviors, such as excessive exercise, fasting, or purging. Many people suffer from binge eating disorder due to the increase in the risk of developing other adverse physical and emotional conditions. Other fatal diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes also appear with this disease. Girls who suffer from this disorder may have an intense feeling of embarrassment, guilt, and distress, which influences the progression of the eating disorder related to binge eating.
There are many causes of eating disorders. However, the exact cause of eating disorders is still unknown. Like other psychological problems, there are many factors that lead to eating disorders. Some causes are biological such as development of eating disorders, due to factors of nutritional deficiencies. However, it is evident that most eating disorders are associated with psychological issues. The important psychological factors associated with eating disorders are underlying negative body image and poor self-esteem. People with eating disorders, especially adolescent young girls, skip meals to attain a certain kind of figure (Hovrud & De Young, 2015). In addition to suffering serious effect on the body, people with eating disorders suffer from frustration for not obtaining their desired figure, which increases suicidal tendency. The various vital causes of eating disorders are discussed below.