除此之外，海平面上升将意味着水资源将会匮乏。世界上一些最重要的城市，如纽约、上海、墨尔本等，位于海边，即将被淹没(Yue et al.， 2007)。因此，世界的平衡将被打破。
总的来说，中国的经济和人民的生活水平都面临着巨大的挑战。气候变化将带来更多的干旱、暴雨和高温。这些因素对中国农业的影响最大(Liu et al.， 2004)。如上所述，将会有零星的降水，增加农产品的波动。和许多亚洲经济体一样，农业是中国经济的支柱。
Firstly the growing season for agriculture is set to increase as the frost free season will increase due to warmer climate. Although this can be seen as boost to increase the production, the changes in precipitation pattern can pose huge challenges. The changing climate will also results in more droughts and heat waves (IPCC, 2007). This will harm the health and quality of agricultural produce. An increase in droughts will mean that the investment in infrastructure may be lost which will be a loss to the government and put the economy on the back foot.
Apart from this, the rising sea level will mean that the sources of water will be scarce. Some of the most important cities in the world such as New York, Shanghai, Melbourne etc, which are on sea shores, will come on the verge of being submerging (Yue et al., 2007). Thus the balance of the world will be disturbed.
China has witnessed some of the largest infrastructure investment in the world. This includes the cities like Beijing and Shanghai having a large number of infrastructure users. A natural disaster can lead to destruction of infrastructure developed in these cities. As a result of this a large number of people will be impacted. In other words, not only the challenges posed by climate change discussed earlier will have an impact on China from economic perspective. There will be increase in requirement for healthcare facilities. Investment in such aspects will impact government spending
Overall there are huge challenges for the economy as well as standard of living of people in China. The climate change will bring in more droughts, rain storms and high temperatures. The most impact of these can be seen on the agriculture of the country (Liu et al., 2004). As discussed above there will be sporadic precipitation that can increase the fluctuation in the agricultural produce. Agriculture, like many Asian economies, is the backbone of Chinese economy.
Apart from this the infrastructure projects such as hydro power plants will also be impacted from the changing climate. This is because the supply of water will be intermittent. Further the investment in such projects will have to be limited and thus reducing the growth prospects.
The growth being witnessed by China will be severely impacted. This is because the steps will have to be taken to reduce the impact on climate and one of the ways to do is to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels (Hu, 2016). The industry output will be severely impacted. China has witnessed highest growth rate in industrialization and the industries have been contributing most towards increasing the temperature due to high emission of carbon dioxide.
China also has the highest population in the world. The emissions from transport being used by Chinese are also considerable given the size of their population and thus such emissions also have significant contribution.