论文代写警示:亚里士多德的政治概念和理论

论文代写警示:亚里士多德的政治概念和理论

哲学和政治思想家亚里士多德的政治概念和理论是学习政治学的基础。政治科学家和研究人员经常引用亚里士多德在其政治科学著作中提出的几个论点。政治家或政治家执行的任务是在政治学下研究的。在这些职责中,这种政治家最重要的职责是在为国家制定宪法的过程中发挥立法者的作用。立法者的首要责任必须确保在治理体系中保持政治平等。亚里斯多德对平等的概念作了明确的解释,或独立形成了更广泛的观点。亚里士多德在他的《政治学》一书的开头解释了城邦或城市的起源。他在《政治》(Politics)一书的第一卷中写道,任何公民“都可以通过在办公室分享决策来得到最恰当的描述”。他说,“任何被认为参与任何涉及任何审议或决定的任何职务的人都被称为公民。”“任何公民的基本权利之一是平等,为了在制度中建立适当的平等,需要一部稳定和有效的宪法。政治制度内的平等是这一基本平等权利的一部分,有助于政治制度的有效运作。他提到,一旦一个国家制定了适当的宪法,只需要采取一些措施来维持它。只要有必要,就必须进行改革,应该防止可能威胁整个政治制度的事态发展。亚里士多德认为,政治平等有许多局限性。亚里斯多德在描述政治平等时说:“很明显,以类似的方式参与治理国家,并以相应的方式被治理,是政治体系的必要组成部分。”“政治上的平等对于遵守正义是不需要的,但是超越道德能力和理想主义的冒险对于有效统治一个国家是必要的(亚里士多德和里夫,2017)。”亚里士多德还指出,政治上的平等并不一定意味着所有的办公室都对所有公民开放。必须指出的是,亚里士多德以一种可能无法普遍解决每一个政治问题的规则的形式感到平等。他说“平等有两种形式:一种是数字形式,另一种是优点形式。”“数字形式”一词指的是数量或大小相同,而优点则是指比例。在某些情况下,应采用数字上的平等,在其他情况下,应选择在优点方面的平等。因此,这些就是亚里士多德在《政治学》中所描述的政治平等的不同局限。

论文代写警示:亚里士多德的政治概念和理论

The philosophical and political thinker Aristotle’s concepts and theories on politics are held as the primary foundations to learn political science. Political scientists and researchers often cite several arguments presented by Aristotle in his works dealing with political science. The tasks performed by a politician or a statesman are studied under political science. Among various such duties, the most significant duty of such a statesman is the role that he plays as a lawgiver in framing the constitution for the state. The foremost responsibility of a lawgiver must ensure that there is a political equality maintained in the system of governance. Aristotle has explained the concept of equality in an explicit manner or independently formed a wider view point. Aristotle begins his book Politics by explaining the origins of a polis or city. He writes in the 1st volume of the book Politics that any citizen “is described most appropriately by sharing the decision in office.” He says that “whichever person is deemed to participate in any office involving any kind of deliberation or any decision is referred as a citizen.” One of the primary rights of any citizen is equality, and for establishing proper equality in the system, a stable and efficient constitution is required. Equality within the political system is a part of this fundamental right of equality and facilitates the efficient working of the political system. He mentions that once a state has a proper constitution that is put in place, only a few measures are needed to be taken for its maintenance. Reforms must be introduced whenever there is the need to do so, and developments which might threaten the entire system of politics should be prevented. There are many limitations of political equality according to Aristotle. While describing political equality, Aristotle says “It is quite evident that participating in ruling the state in a similar way and being ruled in response is a necessary element for the political system.” Political equality is just not needed for complying with justice, but ventures beyond the moral abilities and idealisms is necessary for efficiently ruling a state (Aristotle and Reeve, 2017). Aristotle also states that political equality does not necessarily imply that all the offices will remain open to all the citizens. It must be mentioned that Aristotle feels equality in the form of a rule that might not be able to cure each and every political problem universally. He says that “equality has a two-fold form: while one is a numerical form, the other is in terms of the merit.” The term, numerical form, refers to having the same quantity or size, while merit is implied in terms of ratio. In some cases, numerical equality should be applied, and in other cases, equality in terms of merit should be chosen. Thus, these are the different limitations in political equality as described by Aristotle in Politics.