The efforts have been made to produce high quality grapes that can be used in wine making. Genetic engineering has resulted in the development high quality breed of grapes. Such high quality fruits can enhance the quality of wine that is produced. For example, French hybrids have been developed in case of Vidal for ice wine (Fang, 2008). Apart from this, genetic engineering can also be employed in reducing the leaf area in comparison to the fruit weight. Such reduction will improve the accumulation of sugar in the fruit leading to improving the quality of wine. Such hybridization not only increases the products, but also the quality of wine being produced. Apart from this, technology is being employed in grape sorting. This technology ensures that only ripe grapes are picked from the vineyard. Such technology not only allows timely harvesting of the grapes, but also reduces wastage. Wastage will be reduced as in order to maintain quality raw grapes may be harvested. Apart from this, reverse osmosis technology is employed for producing smooth wines. This technology ensures that the alcohol content is reduced while the taste and aroma is not impacted (The Australian Wine Research Institute, 2016). Thus, wines of different quality resulting in a wide range of variety of wines being produced.
There are around 26 indigenous vine species and hundreds of grape variety that is available in China (Zoecklein, 2006). The wine grapes were introduced from Europeans and among these the most common are Cabernet, Sauvignon, cabernet Franc etc. Thus, it can be said that China has huge potential for wine making as diverse variety of wines can be produced. Further since the weather in China is cold, the wine produced is generally low in alcohol content. Thus, it can be said that the grape wine produced in China has lower alcohol content than white wine (prepared from rice).
Overall China has huge potential for wine making considering the variety of wine that can be different from European wines. There is also potential for large scale production of high quality wines by employing modern technology. These aspects of modern technology have been discussed later.