文学领域的现代主义在19世纪晚期和20世纪初被观察到。这主要发生在欧洲和北美的国家。它的特点是通过自我意识的突破，包括传统方式的改变，无论是散文写作还是诗歌写作。现代主义者在文学形式上做了大量的实验，并改变了相同的做法。这一文献运动进一步推动了人们对传统的表示方式的改变，这种方式可以在新时期表达出来。一些早期的现代主义作家试图改变观念。包括达尔文·马赫，弗洛伊德，柏格森等作家。在此之后，发展了大量与文献相关的创新技术，包括使用多种观点(Carter et al .，2013)。这有助于给予与现代主义有关的哲学基础的反思。在同样的帮助下，一些与文学相关的创新技术也得到了发展，这些技术包括诸如意识流的技术。这有助于使反思与现实主义的哲学基础相联系，或提供一种对现实主义可能理想化的理解的替代扩展。因此，运用意识流或内心独白来反映与较大的心理现实主义相关的要求是非常重要的。
The modernism in the literary field had been observed during the times of late 19th century and during the early twentieth century. This majorly took place in the nations of Europe and North America. It had been characterized through the self-conscious break which included the change in the traditional ways in which the anything is written both in case of prose writing and the poetry writing. The modernists did a lot of experimentations in the literately forms and changed the same. This literature movement had been further driven along with the overall desire to do the change in the traditional modes of representation which could be expressed in the new time. Some of the early modernist writers did the attempt to change the ideas. This included the writers such as Darwin Mach, Freud, Bergson and others. After this, there was the development of the large number of innovative techniques which were related to the literature including the use of the multiple points of view (Carter et al., 2013). This helped in giving the reflection related to the philosophical basis which had been associated with modernism. With the help of the same, there was the development of some of the innovative techniques related to literature which included techniques such as stream of consciousness. This can help in giving the reflection related to the philosophical basis of realism or give an alternative expansion of the understanding of what actually realism may idealize. Therefore, it is very important to use the stream of consciousness or the interior monologue gives the reflection of the requirements related to the larger psychological realism.