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碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

这项工作是对Dorothy (Dotty) Beecham夫人的个案研究分析,她今年74岁,是一个慢性吸烟者,目前每天吸烟多达5支,在过去(2012年之前),她习惯每天吸烟约20支。她因DVT入院,她的医疗记录显示她患有COPD和CVD。2012年,她患上了心肌梗塞,至今仍无法戒烟。她的酒精摄入量相当有限,但她的独居生活可能是吸烟的一个压力源。她的心血管和呼吸系统疾病,加上吸烟,对她的健康和死亡构成了明显的风险。

在此背景下,本文将利用现有的文献证据,分析和确定她的吸烟为什么会对她的健康造成威胁。病理生理学的讨论将被纳入背景。我们也将讨论戒烟所面临的挑战,以及基于证据的策略如何有助于帮助比查姆夫人戒烟。在整个讨论过程中,都介绍了比查姆面临的风险和可能的结果。这构成了核心讨论。

慢性吸烟者的病理生理学(风险和潜在后果)

对于患有心血管和呼吸系统疾病的人来说,以主动吸烟和被动吸烟的形式持续接触吸烟会导致心血管事件的易感性增强(King et al ., 2012)。一些与吸烟有关的心血管疾病是与炎症相关的疾病,急性血栓形成导致住院和立即医疗护理,氧化对低密度脂蛋白胆固醇和更多(Pope et al ., 2011)。

目前的研究表明,吸烟会导致氧化应激,氧化应激会导致心血管事件。在心血管危险因素方面,患者会出现葡萄糖耐受不良(Talukder et al, 2011)。Mrs Beecham的空腹血糖水平为7.8 mmol/L,正常水平为3.9-6.4。胆固醇水平为7.1 mmol/L,理想水平小于5.2。随着她的持续使用,她将遭受低血清水平的形式(Menon et al ., 2011)。吸烟不仅是一个独立的危险因素,因为它的心血管效应CVD;对增加冠心病、外周动脉疾病PAD、主动脉瘤及脑血管疾病的风险具有多重交互作用。与同龄的正常人相比,比查姆夫人的吸烟会导致同时发生多种动脉粥样硬化变化。血管腔会变窄,形成高凝状态,这就是急性血栓形成的原因。吸烟后心肌梗死(MI)风险降低,说明吸烟会增加动脉粥样硬化斑块形成的风险。CVD和冠心病的风险通常以相对风险RR和过度风险的形式来解释(Menon et al ., 2011)。这两个估计值是用来理解风险随着年龄增长而增加的。

猝死是吸烟和有心血管疾病高风险史的人的危险因素之一。目前吸烟者的猝死风险高于长期戒烟者。即使是没有心血管疾病病史的人,研究表明,单独吸烟也可能是猝死的一个重要风险因素,而在比查姆女士的案例中,她既有心血管疾病病史,也有吸烟史(Zuo et al, 2014)。由于心律不齐和左心室功能障碍,患者有猝死的危险。除了心血管风险,脑血管风险也会增加。有CVD病史的吸烟者中风的风险更高。在meta分析中,观察到存在剂量反应关系(Zuo et al, 2014)。吸烟的数量被认为与风险升高成正比(Shinton & Beevers 1989)。当吸烟者在两年内戒烟时,这种风险就降低了。现在,尽管比查姆女士并没有完全戒烟,但她已经减少了吸烟的剂量,因此根据现有的研究,她的风险水平将会下降。然而,她并没有完全戒烟,除非做到这一点,否则她仍然有风险。

碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

This work is a case study analysis of Mrs Dorothy (Dotty) Beecham who is 74 years old and is a chronic smoker who has been smoking up to five cigarettes a day currently, and in the past (before 2012) she was used to smoking around 20 cigarettes per day. She has been admitted for DVT and her medical records indicate both COPD and CVD. She has a myocardial infarction in 2012 and still has not been able to quit her smoking. Her alcohol intake is quite limited, but her solitary life could be a stressor for smoking. Her cardiovascular and respiratory disease combined with smoking poses clear risks for her health and mortality.

Given this context, this research essay will analyse and identify why her smoking poses a threat to her health by using the existing literature evidences. Discussions on pathophysiology will be brought into context. The challenges in smoking cessation and how evidence based strategies could be helpful for aiding Mrs Beecham in smoking cessation would be discussed as well. Throughout the discussions, the risks and potential outcomes to Beecham are presented. This forms the core discussion.

Pathophysiology of a Chronic Smoker (Risks and Potential Outcomes)

For a person with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, continuous exposure to smoking in the form of active and passive smoking would result in an enhanced predisposition for cardiovascular events (King et al, 2012). Some of the smoking related cardio vascular conditions are that of inflammation related conditions for the patient, acute thrombosis resulting hospitalization and immediate medical care, oxidation on low density lipoprotein cholesterols and more (Pope et al, 2011).

Current research studies show that cigarette smoking would lead to oxidative stress and the oxidative stress would lead cardiovascular events. In terms of cardiovascular risk factors, the patient would suffer from glucose intolerance (Talukder et al, 2011). The fasting glucose levels in the case of Mrs Beecham was seen to be in the range of 7.8 mmol/L and the normal levels have to be in the range of 3.9–6.4. The cholesterol levels are 7.1 mmol/L and the desired levels are less than 5.2. With her continued usage, she will suffer in the form of lower serum levels (Menon et al, 2011). Smoking is also not just an independent risk factor as attributed to its cardiovascular effects CVD; it also has multiple interactive effects on increasing the risks of Coronary Heart Disease CHD, peripheral arterial disease PAD, aortic aneurysm and also cerebrovascular diseases. Mrs Beecham’s smoking will result in the development of multiple atherosclerotic changes at the same time, compared to that of normal people at her age. The vascular lumen would narrow and a hypercoagulable state would be created and this is where the situation of acute thrombosis is created. The risks of myocardial infarction (MI) will decrease after smoking which indicates that smoking will increase the risks by the atherosclerotic plaque development. Risks in the case of CVD and CHD are usually explained in the form of relative risks RR and excess risk (Menon et al, 2011). These two estimates are what are used to understand the increase in risks occurrence with advancing age.

Sudden death is one of the risk factors suffered by a person who smokes and who has a high risk history of CVD. The sudden death risk is higher for current smokers than they are with smokers who are abstaining for a longer time. Even with people who had no history of CVD, it was established in research that smoking alone could be a significant risk factor for sudden death, and in the case of Mrs Beecham, she has both a history of CVD and also smokes (Zuo et al, 2014). Patients were at a risk of sudden death because of cardiac arrhythmia and the dysfunction of the left ventricle. In addition to the cardiovascular risks, the cerebrovascular risks also get added on. Cigarette smokers with a history of CVD are at a higher risk for stroke. In a meta-analysis, it was observed that a dose response relationship existed (Zuo et al, 2014). The number of cigarettes that were smoked were seen to correspond proportionally to the risk elevations (Shinton & Beevers 1989). When cigarette smokers stopped smoking, within two years, the risk declined. Now although Mrs Beecham has not stopped smoking completely, she has reduced the dose of smoking and hence her risk levels would go down according to the existing research. However, she has not stopped smoking completely and unless this is achieved she would still be risk prone.

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

問題1:影響沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠工藝設計的主要設計原則

傳統上有一種假設,認爲大會工作人員的學習能力在較長時期內沒有影響到工作內容(Baumol 2002)。作爲一個對比的觀點,這已經被確定爲與整體學習和加法學習相關的原則。基於此,我們可以提出這樣一個論點:如果工作的整個活動都被認爲是有意義的,那麼學習的能力就會顯著提高。在烏德維拉舉辦的一個培訓講習班幫助在1986年開始了業務活動,獨特地提出了平行生產和全面學習技術的理論原則。學習能力也與這類生產材料的供應問題有關。這些原則對沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠的工藝設計產生了重大影響,在一定程度上影響了整體質量和性能(Abrahamson 2000)。

問題2:沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠工藝設計、客戶導向的出現和“按訂單生產”方法之間的關係

全面質量管理作爲一種管理哲學,不是僅僅以一種不同的概念來看待質量,而是處理有關質量參與生產過程的概念。在Uddevalla,在這方面,強調了與持續改進、員工參與和顧客滿意有關的質量原則(Hannah 1994)。還涉及服務和產品設計、基準、問題解決和採購工具。這種聯繫背後的理由集中於在正確的時間點向正確的個人交付正確的產品,並保持正確的質量,從而涉及到消除維持主要庫存的需要。在這一原則的框架內,沃爾沃的整個Uddevalla工廠、生產流程和勞動力等體系都面臨着重大問題。當追求卓越的細節時,人們嘗試在工作環境中創建自律的簡單性(Delahaye 2004)。工廠的操作員知道在這種情況下要考慮的每一項責任。作爲一種拉式方法,該哲學將員工和以人爲中心的關注作爲製造系統的關鍵驅動力。推遲已被確定爲實現大規模定製以及採購、產品和過程部分標準化的關鍵途徑。延遲的這種區別可以被稱爲直到或除非出現了客戶訂單,才最終交付或生產服務或產品的概念(Procter 2008)。供應商一體化和戰略伙伴關係、過程和產品的模塊化、快速和有效的一體化被視爲本組織成功實施大規模定製的基本戰略。在這種延期辦法的背景下,Uddevala把重點放在整個供應鏈上,而不是隻放在交貨或生產渠道上。

在“按訂單生產”的方法下,工人被確定爲與生產線相連,生產線是一個可變的輸入,涉及到隨產量波動的常規調整。員工對工作的期望是付出努力,對解決或思考工作問題的動機較少(Hannah 1994)。然而,許多新技術常常需要很長時間纔能有效地調試工作。此外,據說任何生產設備都有其特殊性,但是在大規模生產的範圍內,很少有任何鼓勵利用這些知識提高與設備有關的生產力產出的措施。當工作人員中的專家,如工程師,嘗試在週期時間和工作標準內合併與新設備有關的假定利益時,在發現或隱藏與工作有關的實際內容方面遇到了困難(Abrahamson 2000)。

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

Question 1: Main design principles affecting process design at Volvo’s Uddevalla Plant

Traditionally, there had been a presumption that the capacity of learning among the assembly work force not in a longer period had been affecting the content of work (Baumol 2002). As a contrasting view, this has been identified as the principle related to holistic learning and additive learning. Based on this, an argument can be placed that if the whole activity of working can be considered meaningful, the capacity of learning will be significantly high. A workshop of training at Uddevella helped in initiating the operations in the year 1986 with a unique instigation of the theoretical principles for placing technology of parallel production and holistic learning. Capacity of learning also has a relation with the issue of supplying materials within this category of production. These principles had a significant impact on process design at the Uddevalla Plant of Volvo somewhat affecting the overall quality and performance (Abrahamson 2000).

Question 2: Relationship between Volvo Uddevalla plant process design, customer orientation emergence and approaches “built to order”

Instead of just viewing quality in the form of a different concept, management of total quality as a philosophy of management addressed the notion regarding quality being involved in the process of production. At Uddevalla, in this context, stress was laid upon the principles related to continuous improvements, employee involvement and customer satisfaction in terms of quality (Hannah 1994). There was also an involvement of service and product design, benchmarking, problem solving and purchasing tools. The rationale behind this connection was focused on delivering the right product with the right individual at the right point of time and with the maintenance of right quality, thereby, involving the elimination of need to maintain major inventories. Within the principle, significant questions had been placed within the system that includes the entire Uddevalla plant of Volvo, its processes and labor forces. When excellence had been approached with the details, attempts were put in for the creation of self- disciplined simplicity within the environment at work (Delahaye 2004). Operators at the plant had knowledge about every single responsibility to be considered in the circumstances. As a system of pull approach, the philosophy had placed employees and human centric focus as the key drivers for the system of manufacturing. Postponement had been identified as the key approaches for realizing mass customization as well as part standardization of procurement, product and process. This differentiation of postponement can be referred to as a concept for finalizing the delivery or production of the services or the product until or unless there was occurrence of customer order (Procter 2008). Supplier integration and strategic partnership, modularity in processes and products, and rapid and effective integration were being treated as essential strategies of the organization for successfully implementing the mass customization. In this context of postponement approach, Uddevala focused on the entire chain of supply instead of only the channels of delivery or production.

Under the approaches of build to order, workers have been identified as being in adjunction with the line of production which is a variable input involving routine adjustment with swings of volume. There is an expectation from the workers for contributing efforts and having less motivation of solving or thinking problems over the job (Hannah 1994). Yet a number of new technologies often hold a requirement of extensive duration to debug the work in an effective manner. In addition to this, any equipment of production is said to be involving idiosyncrasies, but with the scope of mass production, rarely there had been any incentives for the utilization of that knowledge in improving the output of productivity related to the equipment. When the specialists in the staff, like the engineer, tried the incorporation of presumed benefits related to new equipment within the cycle times and work standards, struggle had been faced in discovering or concealing the actual content related to job (Abrahamson 2000).

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代寫論文費用:明茨伯格框架

代寫論文費用:明茨伯格框架

採用明茨伯格框架對公司框架進行了分析。戰略頂點、運營核心、中線、技術結構和支持人員是明茨伯格模型的五個要素。參與設計公司整體使命和價值的戰略精英。菜單是管理層在仔細分析了顧客的口味後準備的。我們在這個過程中幾乎沒有發言權。該公司的運營核心是開發具有成本效益和最近更健康的食品選擇。技術結構是基於產量和質量要求。這是組織運行的核心繫統。支持人員通常參與提供製作指定菜單的材料。他們並沒有真正爲公司的核心目標做出貢獻。

明茨伯格將公司分爲五個非專利藥集團。可以描述該公司,或者更確切地說,可以將其放入基於項目的adhocracy模型中。這是基於創新或不斷變化的市場動態。從該公司最近轉向開發更健康的產品就可以看出這一點。

該公司已設法保持有效。這家公司應該面對來自其他快餐連鎖店日益激烈的競爭。

結論

最後,當我在麥當勞工作時,我們能夠提供預期的服務,生產的食品是統一的。我覺得這家公司是一家以市場爲導向的公司,屬於明茨伯格框架下的adhocracy模型。該公司需要將重點轉向爲人們提供更健康的選擇。從這次經歷和分析中,我能夠體會到這種特殊的組織文化的影響。

代寫論文費用:明茨伯格框架

Mintzberg framework has been used to analyze the company framework. Strategic apex, operating core, middle line, techno structure and support staff are the five elements of the Mintzberg model. In the strategic apex who were involved in designing of the overall mission and value of the company. The menus were prepared by the management after careful analysis of the customer tastes. We had little say in this process. The operating core of the company was involved in the development of cost effective and recently a healthier option of food. Techno structure is based on output and quality requirements. This was the core system in which the organization was run. The support staff are usually involved in providing the materials to make the specified menu. They do not really contribute to the core purpose of the company.

Mintzberg divides companies into five generic group. This company can be described or rather fit into the adhocracy model where it is project based. This is based on the innovation or the changing market dynamics. This is seen in the recent shift of the company towards developing healthier option.

The company has managed to remain effective. The company should face the rising competition from other fast food joints.

Conclusion

To conclude, when I worked in McDonalds, we were able to deliver the services that was expected and the food produced were uniform. I felt that the company was a market oriented company that falls under the adhocracy model of the Mintzberg framework. The Company needs to shift the focus towards healthier options for the people. From this experience and analysis, I was able to experience the impact of this particular organizational culture.

论文代写:全球化进程和身份

论文代写:全球化进程和身份

现在,有许多全球化进程正在当今时代发生。由于全球化理论和文献都将这些过程作为产品或过程相关来关注,因此本文也将考虑同样的问题(Williams, 2007)。例如,考虑产品和流程是如何制作的,以便向世界各地不同的文化销售。

考虑一下当前存在的产品和营销行业。产品行业明白有必要创造一个他们可以销售产品的市场。例如,产品行业认为有必要在西方国家和东方国家销售产品。然而,西方国家和东方国家的哲学元素是不同的。市场营销研究表明,市场营销人员将因此研究他们想要营销的不同国家的哲学,他们如何看待事物,等等,并以此为基础创建营销广告和促销活动。例如,麦当劳生产的产品在美国和印度都有销售。在印度,麦当劳之所以能卖得更好,是因为它推出了不含培根的汉堡。在印度,吃培根通常不是一件受欢迎的社交活动。同样的,在其他国家,麦当劳也试图在国内引入共同的口味,以跟上他们的宗教信仰、口味偏好等等。现在这样做,可以说是公司迎合了不同的需求的观众或消费者细分(霍尔,1991年)。受众和他们的身份是一样的,但是企业跨国界的全球化进程迎合了为他们提供服务的产品和过程的引入。这同样适用于瑜伽或过程等哲学的销售。企业或想要销售或做广告的人可能会改变它以适应一种文化。那么,为什么会出现对文化融合的恐惧呢?下一节将讨论这种恐惧。

人员管理和恐惧

在当今时代,政府、机构以及更多的机构都非常重视对人的管理,而正是这些机构引发了人们的恐惧。形成管理文化和对身份范式的理解的核心范式是文化。个人或特定群体的文化源于共同信仰和习俗的发展。由于全球化,这种情况已经改变。全球化使来自不同领域的人们一起工作和工作。这导致了文化意识形态的巨大转变(Hall, 1991)。

从18世纪开始,社会上就形成了一种研究和形成民族文化的意识形态。本质上,个人的归属感是国家认同的一部分。民族认同的动态被认为是现代性的一种约束力。民族特性对人民的生计很重要,因为他们感到属于一个特殊群体。人们产生了一种恐惧感,他们感到自己作为一个国家的特性受到全球化的威胁。这是因为种族的融合。人们普遍批评说,为了与人民合作,人们开始失去自己的身份。在这种模式下,主导文化出现,其他文化被扼杀。作为一个例子,请考虑东欧共产主义哲学和南斯拉夫的解体是如何使一些国家在专制政权面前失去其原有的特性的。尽管这并不是因为全球化,但人们有一种恐惧感,认为某些主导文化将会同质化,土著民族主义文化将会松散(Hall, 1991)。

论文代写:全球化进程和身份

Now, there are many globalization processes taking place in current times. Since globalization theory and literature focus on these processes as being product or process related, this essay would also consider the same (Williams, 2007). For instance, consider how the products and processes being made in order to sell to different cultures around the world.

Consider the product and marketing industry that exists in current times. The product industry understands the need to create a market where they can sell their goods. For instance, the product industry considers that it is necessary to sell goods in both western nations and eastern nations. The philosophical elements of the western nations and the eastern nations however are different. Marketing studies show that marketers will hence study the philosophy of the different nations that they want to market, how they perceive things, etc, and based on that create marketing advertisements and promotions. For example, McDonald’s makes products that sell both in the United States and in India. In India, McDonald’s is able to sell better because of the burgers that has introduced without bacon. In India, eating bacon is usually not a welcomed social thing. Similarly, in other countries, McDonald’s attempts to introduce the common flavors in the country, so as to keeping up with their religious faiths, their preferences in palate and more. Now in doing so, it could be said that it is the company which caters to the different needs of the audience or the consumer segments (Hall, 1991). The audience and their identities are the same, but then the globalization processes of trans-nationalization of businesses have catered to introducing products and processes that serve them. The same applies in the case of selling of philosophies such as yoga or processes. The businesses or the person who wants something sold or advertised might bend it to suit a culture. So why does the fear of cultural merging appear, the fear is discussed in the next section.

People management and Fear

In the current times, much emphasis has been given to management of people, by Governments, by institutions and more, and they are what are driving the fear. The central paradigm of forming a management culture and understanding about the identity paradigm is culture. Culture of an individual or a particular group stems from development of shared beliefs and customs. This has changed owing to globalization. Globalization has caused people from across the spectrum to work and function together. This has caused a considerable shift in the ideology of culture (Hall, 1991).

From 18th century onwards, there is an ideology of national culture that has been studied and formulated in the societies. It is essentially that a sense of belonging for the individuals is as a part of national identity. The dynamics of national identity is considered to be a binding force towards modernity. The national identity is important for the sustenance of the people as they feel a sense of belonging to a particular group. The people develop a sense of fear where they feel that their identity as a nation has been threatened by the advent of globalization. This is because of intermingling of races. There is common criticism that the people start to lose their identity in an effort to collaborate with the people. In this paradigm, a dominant culture emerges with other cultures being stifled. As an example consider how the East European philosophy of communism and the fall of Yugoslavia have caused some nations to lose their original identity to the oppressive regimes. Even though this is not because of the globalization, there is a sense of fear that there will be homogenization of certain dominate culture and loose of the indigenous nationalistic culture (Hall, 1991).

代寫論文價格:护理专业

代寫論文價格:護理專業

作爲護理人員和註冊護士,第一步要做的就是去見約翰,聽聽他的問題和挫折。傾聽他的心聲,傾聽他的問題,可以讓他了解需要做些什麼。下一步是告訴他這個問題,問題的原因以及如何解決(Schultz, 2014)。這包括向他提及時間,它將採取的步驟,包括治療包括休息和改變飲食,藥物和鍛鍊。只有這樣,纔有可能幫助他遠離挫折。爲了解決抑鬱症的問題,重要的是讓約翰相信他的情況是可以治癒的,如果他採取適當的治療措施,他就不用長期堅持鍛鍊和止痛藥(Schultz, 2014)。與此同時,很短時間的康復將幫助他遇到有類似問題的病人,並幫助他有動力努力解決他的情況。基於此,訪問約翰時的兩個優先事項包括:

幫助他獲得關於疾病的完整信息或最大限度的信息

說服他去看康復中心,以便與有類似問題的病人見面,他們的健康狀況正在改善

這些方面可以幫助患者獲得更好的動力,並期待早日康復。對他來說,確保他得到足夠的照顧以幫助他改善健康狀況變得非常重要(Russell, 2015)。在進行情景分析時,它將幫助護士更好地爲情景和對話做準備。此外,確定了優先事項將有助於確保護士與病人的接觸是一種激勵和目標導向的接觸。這些方面有助於患者在瞭解自己的情況並能夠處理這些情況方面形成較強的增長水平(LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2005)。

護理作爲一種職業,需要有專注的同理心。這需要了解病人的情況,幫助他更好地照顧自己。爲此,護士必須向病人傳授信息和意識,以幫助他能夠照顧自己。此外,爲了提供可持續的治療和健康護理,有必要確保患者在任何時候都是積極的,而不是抑鬱的(Schultz, 2014)。如果這種情況沒有發生,那麼病人很可能會失去信心,很快就會感到沮喪。此外,重要的是要有一個有效的水平,瞭解病人的疾病水平,在這種情況下是嚴重的。向患者解釋照顧自己的必要性,以及在因椎管狹窄和左髖關節退行性變而引起的慢性疼痛時,過度運動的所有後果是什麼,變得至關重要(Schultz, 2014)。

將護理教育正規化是至關重要的,這樣才能確保護士在醫療和衛生保健實踐中獲得更好的授權,因爲這有助於更好地瞭解患者的心理狀況,並確保他們更好地接受自己的狀況(Chiarella, 2012)。讓護士幫助鼓勵研究實踐和它的使用導致加強醫療質量管理,因此它應該確保交付的強烈程度的評估和測量,以幫助衡量水平的變化和改善病人的健康水平(華生,1979)。受過正規教育的護士在處理病人和管理衛生保健問題時更有能力表現良好,並確保更高的準確性,因此,一個合格和有經驗的護士對這個病例及其解決至關重要(Orem, Taylor & Renpenning, 1995)。

代寫論文價格:護理專業

The first step to be taken as a care provider and registered nurse is to meet John and hear his problems and frustration. Lending an empathetic ear and hearing out his problems would provide an insight into what needs to be done. The next step is to inform him about the problem, its causes and how it can be resolved (Schultz, 2014). This includes mentioning to him the time, it would take and the steps involved in the treatment including rest and change in diet, medication and exercise. Only then, it would be possible to help him stay away from frustration. In order to resolve the issue of depression, it is important to make John believe that his situation is curable and that he will not have to go on with exercise and pain killers for long if he takes appropriate care (Schultz, 2014). At the same time, rehabilitation for a very short period will help him meet patients suffering from similar problems and help him be motivated to work towards resolving his situation. Based on this, the two priorities while visiting John include:

Helping him gain complete information or maximum information about the illness

Convince him to visit rehabilitation in order to meet patients with similar problems and are experiencing improvement in their health

These aspects can help the patient obtain better motivation and to look forward to getting well. It becomes important for him to ensure that there is sufficient care which he takes in order to help his health improve (Russell, 2015). In case of developing a situation analysis, it would help the nurse be better prepared for the situation and conversation. Moreover having identified, the priorities will help ensure that the nurses’ encounters with the patients are a motivating and goal oriented one. These aspects help develop a strong level of growth among patients with regard to understanding of their situation and being able to deal with it (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2005).

Critical analysis

Nursing as a profession involves focused empathy. It requires understanding the situation of the patient and helping him take better care of himself. For this, a nurse has to impart information and awareness to the patient in order to help him be able to take care of himself. Moreover, there is a need to ensure that the patient is motivated and not depressed at all times in order to provide sustainable treatment and health care (Schultz, 2014). If this does not occur, then it is quite likely that the patient would lose faith and be frustrated soon. Moreover, it is essential that there be an effective level of understanding about the level of illness of the patient which in this case is severe. It becomes essential to explain to the patient the need for taking care of himself, and what would be the all effects of over exertion in case of chronic pain due to spinal stenosis, and degeneration of the left hip (Schultz, 2014).

It is essential that nursing education is formalized so that it is possible to ensure better empowerment of nurses in medical and health care practices, as this can help build better understanding about the psychological conditions of patients and ensuring that they are helped accept their condition better (Chiarella, 2012). Empowering nurses have helped encourage research based practices and its adoption which leads to stronger quality management in health care, and so it should be ensured that there is delivery of a strong level of evaluation and measurement in order to help measure the level of change and improvement in the health levels of the patient (Watson, 1979). Nurses with formal education are better capable of performing well and ensuring higher accuracy in dealing with patients as well as managing health care issues, and so a qualified and experienced nurse are essential for this case and its resolution (Orem, Taylor & Renpenning, 1995).

論文代寫價錢:需求曲线

論文代寫價錢:需求曲线

需求曲线要求人们根据产品的定价、购买者的收入、市场上流行的不同品牌的同类产品、消费者的个人需求以及市场的未来趋势来做出购买决定。这些因素有助于产品的需求。产品需求是个体需求与市场需求之间的复杂启发式过程。市场需求曲线是指产品的需求数量与产品价格之间的关系。预计这一数字将保持不变。

该产品的市场供给曲线是由该产品的供给发展而来,并对其定价进行预测。这种产品的供应量增加了,因此预计价格会下降。产品的供给曲线表示产品的可用性。这也是基于供应的价格,支付给员工的工资,涉及生产的资本成本和需要支付的税收(Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016)。需求和供给之间的动态关系决定了产品的市场价格。

基于这一基本关系,当产品需求的数量与基于现行市场定价的供给量相等时,假定市场已经达到均衡。这就是产品的市场均衡。当产品需求发生变化时,产品的市场均衡也随之发生变化。这是这个过程的一个简单启发。有许多复杂的变量决定产品的实际价格。由于产品的均衡是以需求曲线和供给曲线的交点为标志的,所以产品的定价会发生变化。这已经体现在该产品2.9%的降价上。市场均衡是以供给曲线和需求曲线之间的动态关系为基础的。产品的需求没有变化,保持不变(Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016)。另一方面,供应链的增加降低了产品的价格,因为这两个变量是成反比的。

美国经济中的可可价格是以抽象形式进行交易的。它是根据产品在市场上的未来储量进行交易的。这些商品被认为是非常不稳定的商品。可可工厂的生产者通常在发展中国家。巧克力制造商通常试图以较低的价格获得产品。如果他们基于需求会增加的基础上进行商品交易,交易者将支付高于产品市场价格的价格。可可市场高度依赖该产品未来的储量。这些降价可能意味着降低供应商的价格,并增加巧克力行业的利益。这种降价可能对该国的巧克力制造商有利。由于大宗商品的定价基于发展中国家的供应,这对美国经济来说是个好消息(Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016)。

这篇文章似乎解决了这些问题的核心,并且令人满意。很明显,由于该产品未来储备的增加,市场均衡将发生变化。人们已经意识到,在需求保持不变的情况下,产品的产量会更高,因此产品的降价是相当明显的(Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016)。这种对产品的需求也会随着季节功能和节假日的增加而增加。因此,未来将会有一种动态的变化,但到目前为止,预计需求曲线仍将停滞不前。

論文代寫價錢:需求曲线

Demand curve mandates that the people make purchase decision based on the pricing of the product, income of the buyer, similar products from different brands prevailing in the market, consumer individual requirement and the future trends of the market. These factors contribute towards the demand of a product. The demand of a product is complex heuristics between the individual demand and the market demands of a product. The market demand curve is the relationship between the demand quantity of the product and the price of the products. This is expected to remain the same.

The market supply curve of the product is the supply developed by the product and the pricing of the predict. There has been increase in the supply of the product and hence the price is expected to reduce. The supply curve of a product states the availability of the product. This is again based on the price of the supplies, wages paid to the employee, capital costs involved in production and the taxes that need to be paid (Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016). The dynamic relationship between the demand and supply determines the market price of the product.

Based on this fundamental relationship, when the quantity of a product demand becomes equal to the quantity supplied based on the prevailing market pricing, it is assumed that the market has reached equilibrium. This is known as the Market equilibrium of a product. When there is change in the demand of a product, then the market equilibrium of the product changes. This is a simple heuristics of the process. There are many complex variables that determine the actual price of the product. Since the equilibrium of the product is marked by the intersection of the demand and the supply curve, the pricing of the product will change. This has been seen in the 2.9% price decline of the product. Market equilibrium is based on the dynamic relationship between the supply curve and the demand curve. There is no change in the demand of the product and they remain the same (Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016). On the other hand, the increase in supply chain decreases the price of the product as these two variables are inversely proportional to each other.

Cocoa price in the US economy is traded in its abstract form. It has been traded based on the future reserves of the product in the market. These commodities are considered to be very volatile commodity. The producers of the cocoa plant are usually in developing nations. The chocolate manufactures typically try to gain the product on lower pricing. If they trade on the commodity on the bases that there would be increase in demand, the traders will pay more than the market price of the product. The cocoa market is highly dependent on the future reserves of the product. These reduced prices could mean lowering of the prices for the supplier and increased benefits for the chocolate industry. This reduced pricing will probably be good for the chocolate manufacturers of the country. Since the commodity is priced based on the developing nations supplies, it is positive news for the US economy (Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016).

This article seems to address the core of the issues and is found to be agreeable. It is quite clear that the market equilibrium will be shifted owing to the increase in future reserves of the product. It has been perceived that the product will be produced higher and hence the reduced prices for the product when the demand remains unchanged is quite clear (Bohl, Gross & Souza, 2016). This demand for the product will also increase in the seasonal functions and holidays. Owing to this, there will be a dynamic change in the future but as of now the demand curve is expected to remain stagnant.

論文代寫價格:日本的變化

論文代寫價格:日本的變化

在包括日本在內的一些亞洲國家,“現代化”一詞通常與“西方化”相混淆。原因是,當這些國家發生現代化的時候,也需要接受西方文化,因此,人們的日常生活發生了重大的變化。在這種情況下,日本的服飾、飲食、住房和髮型都被認爲是西方化。雖然這些東西給日本人帶來了一些便利,他們也獲得了一種新文化的感覺,但這些東西也發揮着與早期本土替代品相同的功能。

日本的變化

當飛機、電話、電視、電腦和官僚機構進入日本時,日本也經歷了現代化的過程。所有這些都擴大了人們的生活範圍,也開闊了他們的視野。然而,與此同時,人們的思維方式和行爲模式也發生了變化。同樣,它也要求以一種新的形式改造該國的文化制度。在這種情況下,日本的傳統文化是否還存在問題。例如,關於現代武士的傳統文化也可以提出同樣的問題。

還需要指出的是,日本文化是高度抗拒改變的。日本社會高度重視每個成員與社會結構層次的一致性。與此同時,由於日本人口衆多,相對於其國土面積,大多數日本人不得不擠在一條城市走廊裏。然而,由於人口的擁擠,日本人過於重視公共和諧和避免衝突,尤其是在公共場合。因此,日本的規範也要求人們願意謙卑和道歉,而不是在公共場合製造對抗的風險。

論文代寫價格:日本的變化

In a number of Asian countries, including Japan, the term modernization has generally been confused with Westernization. The reason is that when modernization took place in these countries, it also required that the Western culture should be accepted and as a result, significant changes took place in everyday life of people. Under these circumstances, also in case of Japan, adopting Western clothes, food, houses and hairstyles were considered as westernization. Although some convenience was provided to the people of Japan by these things and they also got the feeling of a new culture, these things were also performing the same functions that were being performed by their indigenous substitutes in the earlier times.

Changes in Japan

A process of modernization also took place in Japan when airplanes, telephones, televisions, computers and bureaucratic institutions were introduced in Japan. All these things enlarge the sphere of life of people and also broadened their outlook. However, at the same time, a transformation also took place in the way people thought and in their patterns of behaviour. In the same way, it also required that the cultural system of the country had to be remoulded in a new form. Under these circumstances, a question arises if the traditional culture of Japan is still relevant. For example, the same question can be asked regarding the traditional culture of Samurai in modern times.

It also needs to be mentioned that Japanese culture is highly resistant to change. Japanese society places high value on the conformity of each member with highly structured layers of society. At the same time, as a result of the large population of Japan, as compared to its landmass, most people in Japan have to live crowded along with each other in an urban corridor. However, due to this crowding of people, the Japanese people place too much significance on public harmony and avoiding conflicts, particularly in public. Therefore, Japanese norms also require that people should be willing to humble themselves and apologize instead of creating the risk of confrontation in the public.

论文代写价格:布里斯班基地的五个元素

论文代写价格:布里斯班基地的五个元素

被选为布里斯班周六新鲜食品网站的网站明确定义了林奇展示的元素。市场有良好的道路和人行道,市民可以通过步行进入市场。市民在步行的过程中,由于市场的安排,对市场及其特点有了更好的了解。这条路通向每一家商店,而这条走道让漫步者将错综复杂的市场内在化。例如,将多种食物类型分开的边缘,就说明了市场的组织结构。此外,边缘的构造和分叉不是永久性的墙,而是一个轻的障碍,以确保细分市场内的细分。

布里斯班区和市场的方法是不同的,因为它在一个或多个区域之间有一个明确的分隔区域,这使得城市和市场的识别非常容易。当人口的空间分布和不断增长的交通流量时,区域的存在更具意义(Arnold et al., 2002)。内部建筑、人行道、自行车道和市场所在地区的交通流量都是一个特殊的案例。这些元素有助于城市作为一个整体的识别,布里斯班因其独特的设计或传播方式而闻名。定义市场和城市作为一个整体的节点也是形成影响的主要因素,这种影响在观察者和居民的感知中占有一席之地。重要路口的节点、交通信号、购物中心与住宅和商业区的分隔也定义了城市。节点表达城市及其文化的方式有助于城市的整体形象,形成居民和观察者的感知。

论文代写价格:布里斯班基地的五个元素

The site chosen as the Brisbane Saturday fresh foods site clearly defines the elements shown by Lynch. The market has a good path and walkway which makes the market accessible by citizens through walking. The citizen while walking the pathways makes a better understanding of the market and its features due to the arrangement of the market. The pathway leads to each store and this walkway makes the walker internalise the intricacies of the market. The edges, for instance, that separates multiple food types makes a certain point about the organisation of the market. In addition, the edges are constructed and bifurcated that are not permanent wall but a light hurdle to ensure the differentiation of the segment within the market.

Brisbane district and the market is distinct in its approach since it has a defined area of separation between one or more regions, which makes the identification of the city and the market very easy. The presence of districts makes more meaning when there is a spatial distribution of population and growing traffic (Arnold et al., 2002). The internal buildings, the walkways, the cycling tracks and traffic movements in the district where the market is situated, makes a special case. These elements helps in the identification of the city as a whole, and Brisbane becomes known by a particular design or the way in which it is spread. The nodes that define the market and the city as a whole is also a major contributor in shaping the influence which has its place in the perception of the observer and the resident. The nodes of important junctions, traffic signals, separation of malls from the residential and commercial districts also define the city. The way the nodes speak about the city and its culture contributes to the city’s overall image that forms a perception of the resident and the observer.

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导 对于在国外留学的留学生来说,essay是他们再熟悉不过的,essay是老师布置的一项作业,完成质量的好坏直接影响其学科成绩。下面就来指导各位同学们如何写作小论文essay。

一、什么是小论文essay?

可以翻译成“小论文”。对于美国本科和MBA申请来说,Essay是非常重要的申请材料,其比重有时候会超过50%。很多学校都会要求学生提交3-5篇不等,其中1-2篇是主Essay。

二、小论文essay的用途

Essay是国外大学录取委员会审核申请材料时花费时间最多,精力最多,重视最多的部分,也很可能就是影响申请结果的依据。

三、如何写小论文essay?

Essay写作总原则就是要围绕着自己的特点来对过去的成就、经历、挫折、技能、思想等进行总结以及对未来的规划,在写作过程中切记不要照搬照抄别人的文章,要具备鲜明的个人特色。

四、小论文essay注意事项

1、Essay长度:通常情况下,学校会规定ESSAY的长度在300-500字,有的甚至不要超过150字。

2、Essay要点:一篇好的essay,是真情实感的流露,是经过思考,经过自省,经过推敲的产物。选择的素材和内容不见得需要多么轰轰烈烈,多么刻骨铭心,于小处见感悟,用一滴水去折射太阳的光彩,让文章在情理之中却又在意料之外。

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导

如果您在毕业论文的创作过程中遇到这样或那样的问题,您可以随时联系我们专业的英国论文代写老师,具有深厚学术背景的他们可以为您的论文代写提供专业的指导意见和帮助。

英国大学申请essay的写作规范

英国大学申请essay的写作规范 essay写作在我们的留学生涯中是不可缺少的,我们essay写作需要严格的写作规范。下面,英国论文通 Assignment Pass代写网小编就为大家介绍一下我们在essay写作中的写作规范。

英国大学申请essay的写作规范

选题是论文写作的第一步,对论文题目的选择的好坏,直接关系到论文研究的方向、角度,直接关系到论文的成败和质量。在选题时,要考虑到以下的要素。

语言。研究一个哲学家必须知道该哲学家原著使用的语言,不能依赖翻译。思想和语言之间的联系比我们想象的更为紧密,翻译往往会曲解原文的概念。

精力。要考虑到自己的精力,不要在短时间内,选择宽泛的题目,要小题大做,而非大题小做。诸如“论工作方法”、“论人的素质”、“论全球化的本质”等大题目,应当避免。

相关知识。哲学涉及各种学科,一些题目要求对论文涉及的相关领域有所了解。

时间。我们往往很容易低估了论文写作的时间。不要对初始的写作计划太乐观,从思想到语言的转变过程中,我们的认识会有所改变,工作量会大大增加。比较科学的计算论文的写作时间是:按照最宽裕的打算,然后再加一倍。

资料。在选择论文题目时,我们最好先检查、确认可以利用的图书资料。  同学们在选定一个题目后,应与老师讨论题目的弹性(feasibility)。如果写作时发现题目大了,或是做下去有困难,可以把题目缩小到什么程度,可以改变到什么程度,事先要心中有数。

一般而言,论文就其选题范围来说可以有三种:(1)科学批评,这是在对当前学术的反思和批判的基础上,提出自己的新思想;(2)哲学史研究;(3)做古典文本的注释性的翻译或新编一个批驳版(critical edition)。

英国大学申请essay的写作规范

我们要做到一下几点:

要具有丰富的背景知识,包括该学科的历史和现状,关键是提出充分论证的新观点。

如果是对古代哲学的研究,需要保证所用的文献的权威性和完整性;如果是对近现代哲学的研究,要注意哲学家之间因思想相互影响而构成的日趋复杂的思想关系。

要对所翻译或整理的古代文献做出详细的注释和合适的导言,以及批判性评价。

最后,每一个领域都有自己的立足点,也都有自己必须克服的困难。对于写作方面的立足点,还有对批判性的评价,本篇内容能帮助到同学们。

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