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assignment代写:美术的问题

assignment代写:美术的问题

美术的问题在于它与主流观众没有联系。艺术需要与人产生共鸣,才能融入日常生活。没有足够的艺术家来引入表演艺术,本质上是创造与观众联系的艺术。人们倾向于关注社会中的特殊行为或反常事件。人们更加关注这些活动。重复的日常活动被主流社会所忽视。像走路这样简单的日常活动并不重要。社会认为这种正常的活动很无聊。然而,有许多复杂的因素与这种重复有关。这是社会交往中最重要的方面之一。传统上,人们认为沟通就是语言的发展。然而,研究滨Abramović作品,Tehching谢长廷和弗朗西斯·阿里已经被证明并非如此。有许多隐藏的意识形态是由于重复而产生的;它是社会交流的重要工具之一。它是个体意识形态、社会规范和社会矛盾的反映。这些因素落在模式实验的个体身上。本研究将从研究的作品和个人的实验中,找出在重复和社会交往中混合的潜在因素。这种对社会交往的分析,架起了美术与表演艺术之间的桥梁。这种艺术本质上是为了弥合观众和艺术之间的鸿沟。本研究的结论是,对于未来的分析来说,如何嵌入重复性活动以及探究什么样的重复性活动应该是一个问题。

assignment代写:美术的问题

Issue with fine arts is that it does not connect with the mainstream audience. There is a need for art to be relatable to bring it in everyday practices. There are not enough artists for bringing in performance arts and essentially creating art to connect with the audience. People tend to focus on specialized actions or anomalous events in society. There is more focus on these activities. Repetitive daily activities are overlooked by the mainstream society. Simple banal activities like walking are not given any importance. Society considers this normal activity to be simply boring. However, there are a number of intricate factors that are linked with this repetition. It is one of the most important aspects of social communication. Conventionally, it has been taught that a communication is about verbal language development. However, the research works of Marina Abramović, Tehching Hsieh and Francis Alÿs have proved to be otherwise. There are a number of hidden ideologies that have been from repetition; it is one of the very important tools for social communication. It is the reflection of individual ideology, societal conformities and social hassles. These factors fall upon the individuals resulting in pattern experiment. From the works of the researches and from personal experimentation, this research will find out the underlying factors that are mixed in repetition and social communication. This analysis of the social communications bridges the gap between fine arts and performance arts. This art essentially addresses the notions of bridging the gap between audience and arts. This research concludes by saying for future analysis the question should be how to embed repetitive activities and what repetitive activity to probe.

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

消費者行爲研究方法被認爲是與消費者管理相關的商業和營銷領域中最重要、討論、研究和分析的課題之一。主要的組織和商業專家認爲,由於世界各地公司對服務的營銷,全世界消費者的期望已經提高到很高的水平。因此,我們應該分析和評估導致某些消費者行爲的各種不同服務。爲了做到這一點,我們必須討論消費者在正確評估服務的過程中所採取的方法。在這種情況下,我們將根據每天在科羅拉多河流域進行的漂流旅行來評估那些導致消費者行爲的服務。

在評估服務時,消費者主要搜索有形性等因素。服務更關心經驗問題。它比任何東西都更有價值。第三個也是最後一個評估標準是分析服務的可信度。這些是評估服務的一般特徵。但是,這些標準的建立和驗證與許多重要因素有關(Peter & Orson, 2010)。

科羅拉多河流域的漂流體驗由戶外運動者以一種精緻的崇敬和神祕的本質來陳述。他們把這種感覺稱爲河流魔法。在這種情況下,爲了正確地分析非凡的體驗,我們必須關注提供這種體驗的元素。還需要討論椽子的期望和視角,以及它們在服務遇到時與服務提供者的交流行爲(Arnould & Price, 1993)。這些因素最終將導致對河流魔法的正確評價。

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

Consumer behavioural approach is regarded as one of the most important, discussed, researched and analyzed topics in the field of business & marketing related to consumer management. Major organizations and business experts are of the view that the expectations of the consumer base throughout the world have gone up to a high level because of the marketing of the services done by the companies throughout the world. Therefore, we should analyze and assess the various different services that lead to some consumer behaviour. In order to do that, we have to discuss the approaches taken by the consumers in the process of properly evaluating a service. In this case, we will try to assess those services that lead to consumer behaviour in light of the river rafting trips conducted every day in the Colorado River basin.

In the case of assessing the services, consumers mostly search about factors like tangibility. Services are more concerned with the issue of experience. It is valued more than anything else. The third and final assessment criterion is to analyze the credence of the services. These are the characteristics of assessing a service in general. But, establishment and validation of such criterions are related to a number of important factors (Peter & Orson, 2010).

River rafting experiences in the Colorado River basin are stated by the outfitters with an exquisite essence of reverence and mystery. They have termed this sense as River Magic. In order to correctly analyze the extraordinary experience, in this case, one has to focus on the elements that offer such experience. It is also needed to discuss the expectations and perspectives of the rafters and their communicative behaviour with the service providers during the service encounter (Arnould & Price, 1993). These factors will finally lead to the proper evaluation of the River Magic.

英国毕业论文:女权主义

英国毕业论文:女权主义

主要观点和论点

第一单元:思考女性研究

该股讨论的妇女研究的关键议题已被女权主义学者和其他人士所认识。在了解妇女研究时,需要处理的资料有遗漏、歪曲和琐碎。第一单元所介绍的妇女研究可以被看作是一门与妇女赋权有关的学科,而且它还可以做得更多。在妇女研究方面也有许多挑战,这些挑战是由于从众问题而强加的,为了认识到妇女研究的真正价值,有必要以更全面的观点来处理这些问题。

第二单元:认识论——我们如何知道?

在妇女研究中有一些占主导地位的概念,有必要对这些概念赖以存在的前提提出挑战。本单元从事认识论的哲学,在那里,来源,自然和知识的局限性是教。

第三单元:征服知识

本单元的目的是了解什么是被征服的知识,以及如何从女权主义的立场来认识这些知识。被征服的知识是指由于其所存在的主导知识领域而被抹去或沉默的知识。该单元创建了一个双重视觉缺陷的意识。

第四单元:后现代知识批判

在本单元中,我们将更详细地探讨女性主义立场理论,以及对后现代主义和后现代主义认识论概念的理解。女性主义的立场和认知优势,如果真的创造了,因为一个人将发展的视角,当理解主导和征服的观点。在本单元中,女权主义的观点走了一个滑坡,因为它必须在创造绝对真理和考虑相对主义来理解真理之间取得平衡。因此,一个真正的女权主义观点不可能是后现代主义的。后现代主义的观点主张,知识领域总是有一场变革的运动。这是一个你将无法继续作为一个人的空间。

英国毕业论文:女权主义

Major Idea and Arguments

UNIT 1: Thinking about Women’s Studies

The unit discussed key topics on women’s studies have been perceived by feminist scholars and other. There was omission, distortion and trivialization of information that needs to be addressed when it comes to understanding women’s studies. Women’s studies as Unit 1 presents can be viewed as a discipline tied women empowerment and still it can also be more than that. There have also been many challenges when it comes to women’s studies which have been imposed because of conformity issues and in order to appreciate the true value of women’s studies it is necessary to approach it with a more holistic point of view.

UNIT 2: Epistemology – How Do We know?

There are some dominant concepts when it comes to women’s studies and it is necessary to challenge the premises based on which the dominant concepts exist. This unit engages in the philosophy of epistemology where source, nature and the limitations of knowledge are taught.

UNIT 3: Subjugated Knowledges

The purpose of this unit was to learn what subjugated knowledge is and how they are made known in the feminist standpoint. The subjugated knowledges refer to that knowledge that has been erased or silenced because of the dominant knowledge spheres in which they existed. The unit creates an awareness of the faults of double vision.

UNIT 4: Postmodern Critiques of Knowledge

The feminist standpoint theory is examined in more detail in this unit along with an understanding of the concepts of postmodernism and post modernistic epistemology. The feminist standpoint and the epistemic advantage if actually created because of the perspective that one will develop when understanding the dominant and subjugated points of view. The feminist viewpoint travels a slippery slope as presented in this unit as it will have to balance between making absolute truths and also because it has to consider relativism for understanding the truth. A true feminist viewpoint can hence not be post modernistic. The postmodern viewpoint advocates that there is always a movement towards change in the knowledge sphere. This is a space where one will not be able to continue as one is.

代做assignment:关于死刑的争论

代做assignment:关于死刑的争论

在历史上很容易看到,那些试图说任何反对国王的话的人被判死刑。许多人反对死刑根本不是一种矫正方法,因为任何人都没有权利在不给一个人后悔的机会的情况下结束别人的生命。本文的主要目的是研究死刑在多大程度上对他人起到威慑作用。在第八修正案中,有一个条款是“残酷和不寻常的”。“残酷而不寻常的惩罚”作为一种形式执行,任何人都不能因酷刑或忍受死亡而被强制执行。绞刑、毒气致死、电刑和枪决是各种各样的手段,根据第八修正案,罪犯可以通过这些手段被处死。“残酷而不寻常的惩罚”仍然是一个值得怀疑的话题。“残酷和不寻常的惩罚”的概念在法庭上多次受到挑战。

死刑

死刑得到了大多数人的支持,对杀害他人的人判处死刑是正确的。大多数美国人对死刑并不了解。“死刑的反对者认为,如果‘公众’——不管是谁——‘真正了解’——无论那意味着什么——美国是如何执行死刑的,他们会坚持让他们的法律制定者废除死刑。”有人认为,死刑应该完全废除,因为导致死亡的过程是不公平的,许多不适当的因素影响它。世界上许多地方都实行死刑,现在许多专家认为应该完全废除死刑(Hussey, Barnes-Holmes和Booth 1-9)。在过去30年里,有100多人被证明是无辜的,他们早些时候被判死刑。他们被证明是无辜的,因为法庭上提出了许多新的证据,证明他们是无辜的,帮助挽救了他们的生命。任何人都不能忽视这一事实,近年来有那么多人被证明是正确的。刑事司法制度有许多缺陷,因为许多人在监狱里呆了多年,而那些不是他们犯下的罪行也有许多缺陷。

在1990年代期间,执行死刑的人数增加了五倍。关于死刑的争论被夸大了。刑事法庭没有时间顾及普通人。少数民族成员或穷人或针对穷人犯下的罪行,大多由刑事法院处理。

下的来自公众的压力,执法人员的工作多次受到公众和很棒的压力也不得不加班为了解决可怕的罪行,有时未能追求所有行调查,,有时,过度或走捷径在追求人被捕。在这之后,有一些标准可以由检察官来决定这是否属于死刑案件,因为检察官需要行使巨大而不受阻碍的自由裁量权。被判处死刑的人很难或不可能指派律师。在这种情况下,向该人提供法院指定的律师就成为了系统的责任。

代做assignment:关于死刑的争论

It can be easily seen in the history that those people who tried to say anything against the king were sentenced to death. It has been objected by many that capital punishment is not at all correctional method because nobody has the right to take anybody’s life without giving that person an opportunity to regret. The main motive of this paper is to examine to what extent capital punishment serves as deterrence for others. In the eighth amendment, there is a clause of “cruel and unusual”. “Cruel and unusual punishment” as a form execution, no one can be imposed for torture or enduring death. Hanging, lethal gas, electrocution and shooting are the various means, which are allowed under the eighth amendment by which a convict can be executed. “Cruel and unusual punishment” is still a topic of doubt. The concept of “cruel and unusual punishment” has been challenged many times in the court.

Death Penalty

The capital punishment has been supported by a majority of the people and finds it correct to give a punishment of death to a person who has killed someone else. The majority of the population of United States of America does not know much about the capital punishment. “Opponents of the death penalty argue that if ‘the public’–whoever that is—‘really knew’–whatever that means–how capital punishment in America was practiced, they would insist their law makers get rid of it”. It has been argued that the capital punishment should be totally abandoned because the process leading to a death is unfair and many improper factors influence it. Capital Punishment is practiced in many parts of the world and now many experts say that it should be totally abandoned (Hussey, Barnes-Holmes and Booth 1-9). In the last thirty years, more than 100 people have been vindicated, who were condemned to death earlier. They have been vindicated because many new evidences were presented in the court, which proved their innocence and helped in saving their life. This fact cannot be ignored by anyone that so many people were vindicated in the recent years. There are many flaws in the system of criminal justice because many people had spend many years in prison and that too for those crimes which was not committed by them.

There has been five times increase in the number of execution during the period of 1990’s. Conflict over the topic of capital punishment has been exaggerated. Criminal courts had no time for the average people. Crimes, which were committed by the members of racial minorities or by and against poor people, were mostly dealt by the criminal courts.

Under the terrific pressure from public, the officers of law enforcement have to work under terrific pressure from the public and also many times had to overwork in order to solve terrible crimes, sometimes failed to pursue all lines of investigations, and, on occasion, overreach or take shortcuts in pursuing arrests. There are some criterions after that it can be decided by the prosecutors whether it is a case of capital punishment or not and for that huge and unhindered discretion need to be exercised by the prosecutors. It is very difficult or impossible to appoint an attorney by the person who is facing the penalty of death. In that situation, it becomes the responsibility of the system to provide that person a court appointed lawyer.

essay代写:苹果公司财务分析

essay代写:苹果公司财务分析

本报告试图通过计算流动比率、净利润率、债转股利润率等各种财务比率,对苹果公司进行财务分析。此外,通过股利折现模型,本研究试图找出苹果公司的股票价值。在评估的基础上,提出了是否投资苹果公司的建议。与此同时,苹果公司在近期市场上的优势和劣势也被凸显出来。

介绍

绩效评估

流动比率

比率是一种流动性比率,用来衡量企业从短期和长期两方面集中精力偿还债务的能力。为了衡量公司的这一能力,要考虑公司的总资产,其中也包括相对于公司总负债的流动资产和非流动资产。据此,电流比公式为:

流动比率=流动资产/流动负债

它之所以被称为流动比率,是因为与其他流动性比率相比,它同时考虑了各种流动资产和负债。流动比率的另一个名称是流动资本比率。因为目前的比率被认为是对公司财务健康状况的粗略衡量。因此,如果一个公司能够保持较高的比率,那么它就意味着它有能力偿还债务,因为它被认为拥有大量的资产,而不是负债。

2011年,苹果公司(Apple Inc.)的流动比率被计算为1.61,这意味着该公司在短期内拥有非常健康的负债比率。在接下来的几年里,该公司轻松地将当前的比率维持在1以上(2012年1.50,2013年1.68,2014年1.08,2015年1.11)。流动比率为1或以上,表示该公司在支付短期债务方面财务状况良好。然而,必须指出的是,没有任何单一的比率可以代表公司的财务健康状况。这是因为不同的公司可能在经营上有所不同,因此会有不同的流动资产和负债。因此,当比较两家或两家以上公司的财务健康状况时,流动比率对做出投资决策没有多大帮助。

价格收益比率

essay代写:苹果公司财务分析

This report tries to undertake the financial analysis of Apple Inc. by means of calculating various financial ratios like Current ratio, net profit margin, debt-equity margin etc. Moreover, by means of dividend discount model the report tries to find the share value of Apple Inc. On the basis of the evaluation a recommendation has been made whether to make investment in Apple Inc. or not. At the same time, the strengths and the weakness of Apple Inc. in the recent market has also been highlighted.

Introduction

Performance Evaluation

Current Ratio

The ratio is one of the liquidity ratios which are used as a measure to determine the ability of the firm in focus on pay its obligations from the perspective of both short term and long term. In order to measure this capability of the firm, total assets of a company are taken into consideration, which also include both liquid and illiquid assets relative to the total liabilities of the firm. According to this, the formula for current ratio is given as:

Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

It is known as current ratio because of the fact that as compared to the other kinds of liquidity ratios, this ratio considers all kinds of current assets and the liabilities as well. Another name which is given to the current ratio is working capital ratio. Since the current ratio is considered to be rough measurement of the financial health of the firm. Thus, if a firm is able to maintain a higher ratio then it would signify that it is capable of paying out its obligations, since it is considered to have a large number of assets compared to the liabilities due to it.

In the year 2011, the current ratio of Apple Inc. was calculated to be 1.61 which signifies a very healthy ratio with regards to the amount of liabilities it had in a short term. In the following years, the firm has comfortably been able to maintain a current ratio above 1 (1.50 in the year 2012, 1.68 in the year 2013, 1.08 in the year 2014 and 1.11 in the year 2015). A current ratio of 1 or above signifies a good financial health of the firm to pay its short term obligations. However, it must be noted that no single ratio could signify the financial health of the firm. This is because of the fact that different firms might vary in operations and hence would have different amount of current assets and liabilities. Hence, when comparing two or more than two firms for their financial health, then current ratio is not that helpful to make an investment decision.

Price- Earnings Ratio

代寫essay:財務報表

代寫essay:財務報表

財務報表被用作各種行業做出明智決策的指標。它用於投資管理、特定投資組合的業績分析,以及信貸貸款。它是決定證券價值的一個重要因素。它被用作公司證券化的一個主要決定因素(Bebchuk, Cohen and Ferrell 2009)。公司使用各種工具來分析市場趨勢,並對組織未來的表現形成基線預測。在某些情況下,預測估計數和實際估計數相差很大。這可能是由公司治理、管理實踐和外部因素等一系列原因造成的。然而,企業的管理實踐和預測報告實踐之間存在着動態的複雜關係(Clements and Hendry, 2008)。本文旨在詳細探討預測報告與管理結構之間的關係。本文運用各種理論模型對此進行了詳細的分析。本文對證券分析師的影響、預測進行了詳細的探討。

公司治理

財務預測

財務預測是投資者和分析師預測單個公司未來業績的模型。他們的決定基於各種金融類比和理論框架。它還取決於向分析師提供的信息的質量,以便他們做出決定。信用期權定價、衍生品、預算分析、金融建模和動態金融建模是構成預測模型的一些重要分析。透明度和保持問責制是金融記者發表意見的一個重要方面(Clements and Hendry, 2008)。財務預測取決於公司治理的類型和組織的有效性。有許多公司治理模式爲財務報告定下了基調。由於受許多變量的影響,這種財務預測存在一些內在的問題。下面將詳細探討這些問題。

擁有強大的公司治理,促進增長本身可以幫助積極的財務預測公司(Clements和Hendry, 2008)。積極的公司治理有助於公司的成長。下面將詳細探討這兩者之間的聯繫。

代寫essay:財務報表

Financial statements are used as indices to make informed decisions for various industries. It is used in investment management, analyses of performance of a particular portfolio and also in credit lending. It is an important determinant to value securities. It is used as a major deciding factor in the securitization of a company (Bebchuk, Cohen and Ferrell 2009). Companies use a variety of tools to analyze market trends and form a baseline prediction of how the organization will perform in the future. In certain situations, forecast estimates and the actual estimates are found to vary considerably. This could be due to a host of reasons such as corporate governance, management practices and externalities. Nevertheless, there is a dynamic intricate relationship that exists between the management practices and forecast reporting practices of a firm (Clements and Hendry, 2008). Purpose of this essay is to probe in detail the relationships between forecast reporting with the management structure. This has been analyzed in detail with the use of various theoretical models. Impact of securities analyst, prediction has been investigated in detail in this exploration.

Corporate governance

Financial forecasting

Financial forecasting is the model where investors and analysts post how the performance of the individual company will be in the future. They base their decisions on the various financial analogies and theoretical frameworks. It also depends on the quality of information that is provided to the analyst to make their determination. Credit option pricing, derivatives, budget analysis, financial modeling, and dynamic financial modeling are some of the important analyses that are factored in forming forecasting models. Transparency and maintaining accountability is an important facet for the financial reporters to base their opinion (Clements and Hendry, 2008). The financial forecasting depends on the type of corporate governance and the effectiveness of the organization. There are numerous models of corporate governance that set the tone for financial reporting. There are some inherent issues in this financial forecasting as it is influenced by a number of variables. These issues have been probed in detail in the following.

Having strong corporate governance that fosters growth in itself can aid to positive financial forecasting of a company (Clements and Hendry, 2008). Positive corporate governance aids to the growth of the company. Link between the two has been probed in detail in the following.

英国论文代写价格:电影理论

英国论文代写价格:电影理论

正如本文所述,电影被描述为具体化的、交流的和强制的。本文进一步阐述和提出了电影理论的意义,进而认为电影包含了视觉世界语。这篇文章的评论描述了电影中的语法,相关的词汇,甚至是它的一般术语是如何使它在观众眼中更容易被看到的。那些把电影看作一种语言的人往往依赖于文字和镜头之间的相似性。串词并不能产生智能的视觉艺术作品。文章还引用了普多夫金和爱森斯坦的话。这些作者提出的问题是,除了过渡现有的新资源所需要的摄影现实之外,还能提供什么。这就把它们变成了一种独特的新艺术。他们的回答是蒙太奇。从某种意义上说,答案是蒙太奇,它将电影片段艺术或大的短单元按顺序组合在一起,最终完成电影。文章还讨论了各种各样的电影,如格里菲斯的《一个国家的诞生》和《偏狭》,苏联的导演们承认格里菲斯欠了他们更多的债。电影中所描述的这种债务并不重要,因为他有能力拍出比其他人更好的照片。这是至关重要的,因为这导致蒙太奇发现。这是一种技术,以表明整个流体一体化的总射程。反过来,它从近距离的极端到全景的距离来反映图像,从而产生最连贯的叙事形式。这种连贯的叙事方式又具有最系统的意蕴和最有效的节奏模式。正如文章中所描述的,当这种表演开始时,格里菲斯为电影语言的发展做出了贡献,并创造了电影独特的艺术。从这个角度来看,可以说这篇文章阐述了不同类型的电影技术,如使用蒙太奇和摄影元素。文章还批评了不同作者对这些技术的批评方式。例如,爱森斯坦认为冲突是必要的,因为他把它看作一种表达。这种表现表现在与马克思主义辩证原理有关的形象领域。爱森斯坦进一步认为,句子的意思越简单,就越容易使用简单的单字。这反过来又将电影本质的意义描述为镜头之间辩证互动的结果。与此同时,普度金认为蒙太奇是一种相互建构、相互补充的技术,仅仅具有理论意义。这样的理论导致了以更刻意平静的节奏创作真实的叙事。这些差异有助于对拍摄技术提出批判性的分析和反思。

英国论文代写价格:电影理论

As per this article, films have been depicted as embodied, communicated, and enforced. The article further depicts and suggests meanings to film theories who in turn consider that film is inclusive of visual Esperanto language. The article’s critique depicted how the grammar in the film, its related vocabulary and even its general terms are responsible for making it more viewable in the eyes of the audience. Those regarding film as a language often depend upon the analogousness between words and shots. Stringing words simply do not result in producing intelligent visual art works. The article also cited Pudovkin and Eisenstein. These authors raised questions on what more can be offered than the mere photographic reality that is needed to transition the new resources technically present. This converts them into a unique kind of new art. The reply given by them was montage. The reply is montage in the sense, that it combines film pieces art or large units short in sequence to complete the film finally. The article also discussed various films such as “The birth of a nation” and “Intolerance” by Griffith for whom the directors of Soviet have acknowledged more debt. This debt as depicted in the films was not essential, as he had the capability to take better images than anyone else. This was essential as this led to have montage discovered. This was a technique to indicate total range of shots across fluid integration. In turn, it reflects images from close up extremes to panorama distances in order to produce the most sequential form of coherent narration. In turn this coherent narration has most systematic implication and the most efficient pattern for rhythm. When this was performed, as illustrated in the article, Griffith contributed to cinematic language development and invented the film distinctive art. From this perspective, it can be said that the article illustrated distinct types of film techniques such as the use of Montage and photographic elements. The article also critiques the way in which different authors have critiqued these techniques. For example, Eisenstein considered conflict as essential, because he regarded it as an expression. The expression was present in the images realm related to dialectical principle for Marxism. Eisenstein further maintained that with simplicity in the meaning of the sentence comes the use of simple individual words. This in turn depicted meaning of cinematic nature as the consequence of shots related dialectical interplay. Pudovkin, meanwhile, on the other hand, holds the view that montage is a technique to build and add to each other which merely has a theoretical interest. Such a theory resulted in the production of real narrations with more deliberately calm pace. Such differences helped in bringing forward critical analysis and reflection on filming techniques.

代写论文:密尔所说的功利主义理论

代写论文:密尔所说的功利主义理论

至于密尔的观点,人们所体验到的有限的快乐在主观方式上是相互对立的,而且只有看到过这两种快乐的人,才会熟练地批评它们的相对优点。这就说明了提高警觉的人类之间的愉悦感(明显是学术性的)在伦理上的重要性,即使他们短暂的统治可能比其他不那么愉快的事情要低。事实上,即使遵循这些原则,密尔也承认,令人鼓舞的满足的成功通常是艰难的,其目的是,我们在寻求主要减少由我们的行为控制的有反应的人类所看到的累积的痛苦时,常常受到公正的辩护。在密尔看来,折磨——或幸福的赎罪——是可以接受的,就像它对每个人更值得注意的帮助所产生的效果一样。

是什么促使人们做出最好的决定?密尔断言,在唤起人类专家的适当行为方面,良好权威的部分得到了普遍的赞同。然而,密尔并没有把自己局限于社会强制的外部授权的纪律和指责,这使得不当行为的结果更加明显地令人痛苦。在密尔看来,个人还会受到自我尊重、责备和道德规范等内部认可的鼓励。由于我们都有为他人着想的社会情感,无私地为每个人谋利益的愿望常常足以使我们行为合乎道德。不管别人有没有可能不会因为一个人的错误行为而指责或拒绝他,他都能够把矛头指向自己,而这种可怕的感觉是他在选择自己的行为时所感受到的更大的痛苦之一。

最后,密尔认为效用标准的社会使用是完全可靠的,与促进公平的传统问题是完全可靠的。正义包括考虑个人的财产、特权和放弃,以及良好的信心和公平的关键假设。密尔认为,谨慎地运用效用准则,可以令人满意地保存这些有利的公平部分,因为每一个具体的例子显然都给每一个受影响的一方带来了最大的幸福。尽管拒绝不正确实践者的报应性评估也应该加入到传统的正义观念中,密尔要求,以功利主义为基础合理限制外部同意的使用,更好地基于对普遍福利的诚实善良的考虑。他还提请注意,个人机会的抗拒对合法存在尤其重要。

代写论文:密尔所说的功利主义理论

As for Mill’s outlook, a limited quantity of delight practiced by people moreover contrast from each other in subjective manner, and merely the persons who have seen joyfulness of both kinds are skilful critics of their comparative excellence. This lays the ethical significance of advancing more (noticeably scholarly) delights between alert human beings, even though when their transitory rule might be lower than other lesser delights. In fact, even along these lines, Mill conceded that the encouraging success of contentment is regularly hard, with the purpose that we are frequently defended fairly in looking for primarily to decrease the cumulative sum of agony seen by responsive human beings controlled by our acts. Torment—or the atonement of happiness—is acceptable on Mill’s standpoint just as it effects purposely on more noteworthy assistance of everyone.

What propels individuals to make the best decision? Mill asserted general concurrence of the part of good authorizes in evoking appropriate behavior from human specialists. Yet, Mill did not limit himself to the socially-forced outer authorizations of discipline and accuse, which made the results of inappropriate activity are more clearly excruciating. As for Mill’s perspective, individuals are additionally encouraged by such inside approvals as self-regard, blame, and ethics. Since we all have social sentiments in the interest of others, the selfless desire for the benefit of everyone is frequently sufficient to make us to act ethically. Regardless of the possibility that others don’t fault or rebuff one for his incorrect doing, he is able to point the finger at himself, and that awful feeling is one of the more resulting torments that he sensibly feels when choosing his acts.

At last, Mill contended that social uses of the standard of utility are completely reliable with conventional issue toward the advancement of equity. The justice includes regards for the possessions, privileges, and forsakes of individual natives, alongside key assumptions for good confidence and fairness. These advantageous segments of equity are satisfactorily saved by scrupulous utilization of the guideline of utility, Mill assumed, since specific instances of each plainly have brought about the best bliss of every single influenced party. Despite the fact maybe that a retributive assessment for rebuffing incorrect practitioners likewise ought to add to the customary idea of justice, Mill demanded that the properly constrained utilization of outside assents on utilitarian grounds better according to an honest to goodness regard for the general welfare. He additionally called attention to that the resistance of individual human opportunity is particularly essential to existing legitimately.

碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

这项工作是对Dorothy (Dotty) Beecham夫人的个案研究分析,她今年74岁,是一个慢性吸烟者,目前每天吸烟多达5支,在过去(2012年之前),她习惯每天吸烟约20支。她因DVT入院,她的医疗记录显示她患有COPD和CVD。2012年,她患上了心肌梗塞,至今仍无法戒烟。她的酒精摄入量相当有限,但她的独居生活可能是吸烟的一个压力源。她的心血管和呼吸系统疾病,加上吸烟,对她的健康和死亡构成了明显的风险。

在此背景下,本文将利用现有的文献证据,分析和确定她的吸烟为什么会对她的健康造成威胁。病理生理学的讨论将被纳入背景。我们也将讨论戒烟所面临的挑战,以及基于证据的策略如何有助于帮助比查姆夫人戒烟。在整个讨论过程中,都介绍了比查姆面临的风险和可能的结果。这构成了核心讨论。

慢性吸烟者的病理生理学(风险和潜在后果)

对于患有心血管和呼吸系统疾病的人来说,以主动吸烟和被动吸烟的形式持续接触吸烟会导致心血管事件的易感性增强(King et al ., 2012)。一些与吸烟有关的心血管疾病是与炎症相关的疾病,急性血栓形成导致住院和立即医疗护理,氧化对低密度脂蛋白胆固醇和更多(Pope et al ., 2011)。

目前的研究表明,吸烟会导致氧化应激,氧化应激会导致心血管事件。在心血管危险因素方面,患者会出现葡萄糖耐受不良(Talukder et al, 2011)。Mrs Beecham的空腹血糖水平为7.8 mmol/L,正常水平为3.9-6.4。胆固醇水平为7.1 mmol/L,理想水平小于5.2。随着她的持续使用,她将遭受低血清水平的形式(Menon et al ., 2011)。吸烟不仅是一个独立的危险因素,因为它的心血管效应CVD;对增加冠心病、外周动脉疾病PAD、主动脉瘤及脑血管疾病的风险具有多重交互作用。与同龄的正常人相比,比查姆夫人的吸烟会导致同时发生多种动脉粥样硬化变化。血管腔会变窄,形成高凝状态,这就是急性血栓形成的原因。吸烟后心肌梗死(MI)风险降低,说明吸烟会增加动脉粥样硬化斑块形成的风险。CVD和冠心病的风险通常以相对风险RR和过度风险的形式来解释(Menon et al ., 2011)。这两个估计值是用来理解风险随着年龄增长而增加的。

猝死是吸烟和有心血管疾病高风险史的人的危险因素之一。目前吸烟者的猝死风险高于长期戒烟者。即使是没有心血管疾病病史的人,研究表明,单独吸烟也可能是猝死的一个重要风险因素,而在比查姆女士的案例中,她既有心血管疾病病史,也有吸烟史(Zuo et al, 2014)。由于心律不齐和左心室功能障碍,患者有猝死的危险。除了心血管风险,脑血管风险也会增加。有CVD病史的吸烟者中风的风险更高。在meta分析中,观察到存在剂量反应关系(Zuo et al, 2014)。吸烟的数量被认为与风险升高成正比(Shinton & Beevers 1989)。当吸烟者在两年内戒烟时,这种风险就降低了。现在,尽管比查姆女士并没有完全戒烟,但她已经减少了吸烟的剂量,因此根据现有的研究,她的风险水平将会下降。然而,她并没有完全戒烟,除非做到这一点,否则她仍然有风险。

碩士論文代寫價格:吸烟对身体的危害

This work is a case study analysis of Mrs Dorothy (Dotty) Beecham who is 74 years old and is a chronic smoker who has been smoking up to five cigarettes a day currently, and in the past (before 2012) she was used to smoking around 20 cigarettes per day. She has been admitted for DVT and her medical records indicate both COPD and CVD. She has a myocardial infarction in 2012 and still has not been able to quit her smoking. Her alcohol intake is quite limited, but her solitary life could be a stressor for smoking. Her cardiovascular and respiratory disease combined with smoking poses clear risks for her health and mortality.

Given this context, this research essay will analyse and identify why her smoking poses a threat to her health by using the existing literature evidences. Discussions on pathophysiology will be brought into context. The challenges in smoking cessation and how evidence based strategies could be helpful for aiding Mrs Beecham in smoking cessation would be discussed as well. Throughout the discussions, the risks and potential outcomes to Beecham are presented. This forms the core discussion.

Pathophysiology of a Chronic Smoker (Risks and Potential Outcomes)

For a person with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, continuous exposure to smoking in the form of active and passive smoking would result in an enhanced predisposition for cardiovascular events (King et al, 2012). Some of the smoking related cardio vascular conditions are that of inflammation related conditions for the patient, acute thrombosis resulting hospitalization and immediate medical care, oxidation on low density lipoprotein cholesterols and more (Pope et al, 2011).

Current research studies show that cigarette smoking would lead to oxidative stress and the oxidative stress would lead cardiovascular events. In terms of cardiovascular risk factors, the patient would suffer from glucose intolerance (Talukder et al, 2011). The fasting glucose levels in the case of Mrs Beecham was seen to be in the range of 7.8 mmol/L and the normal levels have to be in the range of 3.9–6.4. The cholesterol levels are 7.1 mmol/L and the desired levels are less than 5.2. With her continued usage, she will suffer in the form of lower serum levels (Menon et al, 2011). Smoking is also not just an independent risk factor as attributed to its cardiovascular effects CVD; it also has multiple interactive effects on increasing the risks of Coronary Heart Disease CHD, peripheral arterial disease PAD, aortic aneurysm and also cerebrovascular diseases. Mrs Beecham’s smoking will result in the development of multiple atherosclerotic changes at the same time, compared to that of normal people at her age. The vascular lumen would narrow and a hypercoagulable state would be created and this is where the situation of acute thrombosis is created. The risks of myocardial infarction (MI) will decrease after smoking which indicates that smoking will increase the risks by the atherosclerotic plaque development. Risks in the case of CVD and CHD are usually explained in the form of relative risks RR and excess risk (Menon et al, 2011). These two estimates are what are used to understand the increase in risks occurrence with advancing age.

Sudden death is one of the risk factors suffered by a person who smokes and who has a high risk history of CVD. The sudden death risk is higher for current smokers than they are with smokers who are abstaining for a longer time. Even with people who had no history of CVD, it was established in research that smoking alone could be a significant risk factor for sudden death, and in the case of Mrs Beecham, she has both a history of CVD and also smokes (Zuo et al, 2014). Patients were at a risk of sudden death because of cardiac arrhythmia and the dysfunction of the left ventricle. In addition to the cardiovascular risks, the cerebrovascular risks also get added on. Cigarette smokers with a history of CVD are at a higher risk for stroke. In a meta-analysis, it was observed that a dose response relationship existed (Zuo et al, 2014). The number of cigarettes that were smoked were seen to correspond proportionally to the risk elevations (Shinton & Beevers 1989). When cigarette smokers stopped smoking, within two years, the risk declined. Now although Mrs Beecham has not stopped smoking completely, she has reduced the dose of smoking and hence her risk levels would go down according to the existing research. However, she has not stopped smoking completely and unless this is achieved she would still be risk prone.

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

問題1:影響沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠工藝設計的主要設計原則

傳統上有一種假設,認爲大會工作人員的學習能力在較長時期內沒有影響到工作內容(Baumol 2002)。作爲一個對比的觀點,這已經被確定爲與整體學習和加法學習相關的原則。基於此,我們可以提出這樣一個論點:如果工作的整個活動都被認爲是有意義的,那麼學習的能力就會顯著提高。在烏德維拉舉辦的一個培訓講習班幫助在1986年開始了業務活動,獨特地提出了平行生產和全面學習技術的理論原則。學習能力也與這類生產材料的供應問題有關。這些原則對沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠的工藝設計產生了重大影響,在一定程度上影響了整體質量和性能(Abrahamson 2000)。

問題2:沃爾沃Uddevalla工廠工藝設計、客戶導向的出現和“按訂單生產”方法之間的關係

全面質量管理作爲一種管理哲學,不是僅僅以一種不同的概念來看待質量,而是處理有關質量參與生產過程的概念。在Uddevalla,在這方面,強調了與持續改進、員工參與和顧客滿意有關的質量原則(Hannah 1994)。還涉及服務和產品設計、基準、問題解決和採購工具。這種聯繫背後的理由集中於在正確的時間點向正確的個人交付正確的產品,並保持正確的質量,從而涉及到消除維持主要庫存的需要。在這一原則的框架內,沃爾沃的整個Uddevalla工廠、生產流程和勞動力等體系都面臨着重大問題。當追求卓越的細節時,人們嘗試在工作環境中創建自律的簡單性(Delahaye 2004)。工廠的操作員知道在這種情況下要考慮的每一項責任。作爲一種拉式方法,該哲學將員工和以人爲中心的關注作爲製造系統的關鍵驅動力。推遲已被確定爲實現大規模定製以及採購、產品和過程部分標準化的關鍵途徑。延遲的這種區別可以被稱爲直到或除非出現了客戶訂單,才最終交付或生產服務或產品的概念(Procter 2008)。供應商一體化和戰略伙伴關係、過程和產品的模塊化、快速和有效的一體化被視爲本組織成功實施大規模定製的基本戰略。在這種延期辦法的背景下,Uddevala把重點放在整個供應鏈上,而不是隻放在交貨或生產渠道上。

在“按訂單生產”的方法下,工人被確定爲與生產線相連,生產線是一個可變的輸入,涉及到隨產量波動的常規調整。員工對工作的期望是付出努力,對解決或思考工作問題的動機較少(Hannah 1994)。然而,許多新技術常常需要很長時間纔能有效地調試工作。此外,據說任何生產設備都有其特殊性,但是在大規模生產的範圍內,很少有任何鼓勵利用這些知識提高與設備有關的生產力產出的措施。當工作人員中的專家,如工程師,嘗試在週期時間和工作標準內合併與新設備有關的假定利益時,在發現或隱藏與工作有關的實際內容方面遇到了困難(Abrahamson 2000)。

論文代寫:沃爾沃生產力模型

Question 1: Main design principles affecting process design at Volvo’s Uddevalla Plant

Traditionally, there had been a presumption that the capacity of learning among the assembly work force not in a longer period had been affecting the content of work (Baumol 2002). As a contrasting view, this has been identified as the principle related to holistic learning and additive learning. Based on this, an argument can be placed that if the whole activity of working can be considered meaningful, the capacity of learning will be significantly high. A workshop of training at Uddevella helped in initiating the operations in the year 1986 with a unique instigation of the theoretical principles for placing technology of parallel production and holistic learning. Capacity of learning also has a relation with the issue of supplying materials within this category of production. These principles had a significant impact on process design at the Uddevalla Plant of Volvo somewhat affecting the overall quality and performance (Abrahamson 2000).

Question 2: Relationship between Volvo Uddevalla plant process design, customer orientation emergence and approaches “built to order”

Instead of just viewing quality in the form of a different concept, management of total quality as a philosophy of management addressed the notion regarding quality being involved in the process of production. At Uddevalla, in this context, stress was laid upon the principles related to continuous improvements, employee involvement and customer satisfaction in terms of quality (Hannah 1994). There was also an involvement of service and product design, benchmarking, problem solving and purchasing tools. The rationale behind this connection was focused on delivering the right product with the right individual at the right point of time and with the maintenance of right quality, thereby, involving the elimination of need to maintain major inventories. Within the principle, significant questions had been placed within the system that includes the entire Uddevalla plant of Volvo, its processes and labor forces. When excellence had been approached with the details, attempts were put in for the creation of self- disciplined simplicity within the environment at work (Delahaye 2004). Operators at the plant had knowledge about every single responsibility to be considered in the circumstances. As a system of pull approach, the philosophy had placed employees and human centric focus as the key drivers for the system of manufacturing. Postponement had been identified as the key approaches for realizing mass customization as well as part standardization of procurement, product and process. This differentiation of postponement can be referred to as a concept for finalizing the delivery or production of the services or the product until or unless there was occurrence of customer order (Procter 2008). Supplier integration and strategic partnership, modularity in processes and products, and rapid and effective integration were being treated as essential strategies of the organization for successfully implementing the mass customization. In this context of postponement approach, Uddevala focused on the entire chain of supply instead of only the channels of delivery or production.

Under the approaches of build to order, workers have been identified as being in adjunction with the line of production which is a variable input involving routine adjustment with swings of volume. There is an expectation from the workers for contributing efforts and having less motivation of solving or thinking problems over the job (Hannah 1994). Yet a number of new technologies often hold a requirement of extensive duration to debug the work in an effective manner. In addition to this, any equipment of production is said to be involving idiosyncrasies, but with the scope of mass production, rarely there had been any incentives for the utilization of that knowledge in improving the output of productivity related to the equipment. When the specialists in the staff, like the engineer, tried the incorporation of presumed benefits related to new equipment within the cycle times and work standards, struggle had been faced in discovering or concealing the actual content related to job (Abrahamson 2000).