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ps代写-艺术家方式改变的原因

本篇文章主要讲艺术家方式改变的原因,保罗·兰德准备了大量的肖像、绘画和雕塑作品来展示他的思想。根据Fred(2006)的说法,Paul Rand采用的宣言是综合主义。心理合成主义被认为是一种特殊的艺术哲学,它揭示了个人的观点,也表达了与艺术运动相关的优势。保罗·兰德捕捉到了人们的情感和兴趣。他开发的一些产品包括IBM的海报、早期的广告设计和西屋电气的标识。本篇ps代写文章由英国论文通AssignmentPass辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

Paul Rand had prepared a wide range of portraits, paintings and sculptures that demonstrated his ideas. The manifesto that Paul Rand adopted was synthesism according to Fred (2006). Psychosynthesism is regarded as a specific philosophy of art that exposes the personal views and also expresses the advantages that associate with the art movement. Paul Rand has captured the emotions of people as well as their interests. Some of them he developed included those in IBM posters, early advertisement designs and Westinghouse sign.
It has a close relationship to the business model practiced. Additionally, it is in line with his manifesto because it gives a complete combination of technical knowledge as well as intuition that has eventually brought out the perfect design for the business.Modernism was also visible in his designs. According to Sarah (2014), the powerful symbolism had showed the presence of disquieting atmosphere. The above logo is for Yale Company and it had tried to give connections on various thoughts and design theories including impressionism and pop art. It had a slight touch of modernism in it. By this way, he also tried to show his manifesto on creative thinking and that good design is all that is required. The approach of artist changed over time due to the following reasons:
The expectations and level of understanding of people increased over a period of time
As most of his artworks are from personal viewpoints, he made it simple and even clearer as days passed by
More expressions were added to the output as such kind of arts reached people instantly
Designs were chosen by Paul Rand to create because some had business awareness impacts and significances. Some designs are solid forms of arts that can exist for a longer run. This is feasible only if such historical forms are placed in a museum or in public place where people can understand its significance
Paul Rand has tried his hands on varied forms of arts and he was also regarded as the artist of metaphysical. His science fiction cover art was very much conversational, influential and historical by nature. His works had high influences as they had clear landscapes suiting the urban setting and used darker state with shadowed spaces to depict the scenario. His artworks tend to depict liminality, most of the times according to Lucie (1972).

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論文代寫-IPO抑價

論文代寫-IPO抑價

政府幹預與IPO抑價之間的關係一直是證券交易所研究的熱點問題。衆所周知,中國股市經常受到政府政策的嚴格監管。與其他西方國家或地區相比,這些限制表明了更強的限制(Albertini & Barrieu, 2009)。政府在IPO進程的每一步都參與到股票市場活動中,顯示出中國政府的強勢干預(Avadhani, 2010)。政府通過中國證監會對市場運行進行調整,國務院部級事業單位實行聯合管理。特別是政府作爲一些上市公司,即國有企業(SOEs)的幕後推手。本研究旨在探討股權結構的特殊性是否導致中國ipo定價偏低。

雖然現有的很多文獻都討論了ipo定價過低的關係,但沒有一個文獻能夠通過影響ipo定價水平來統一觀點。主要原因可能是政府扮演的雙重角色。一方面,政府監管減少了外部和內部之間的信息不對稱。因此,它緩解了IPO定價過低(Bird & Yeung, 2010)。另一方面,由於政治目的的優先性而非某一領域的利益,政府幹預與定價偏低有關。

IPO抑價(IPO underpricing)通常是指新股發行首日上市後的交易價格高於發行價。大量驗證性文獻發現,成熟資本市場和新興資本市場在新股發行之初都存在IPO定價過低的現象,儘管兩者的差異程度可能不同。一般來說,IPO抑價的原因有兩個方面,一是一級市場的定價明顯偏低(相對於股票的公允價值),二是市場交易價格中充滿非理性因素(Bird & Yeung, 2010)。許多國外學者認爲,上市首日的收盤價是發行股票的公允價值,爲IPO定價過低,並聲稱上市公司首日收益向投資者承擔風險。之前的理論也有其他的聲音,學者們發現承銷商對新股發行往往持有樂觀的觀點。這也導致了更高的發行價格。股票的公允價值低於噪聲交易者的心理價格。這一現象可能是區分原始IPO價格構成的一種方法,有助於理解原始IPO定價偏低的原因。然而,在實際情況中,真正的原因可能是複雜的。股票價格的公平問題,使得以不合理的方式對藍籌股實際發行水平的IPO市場和二級市場進行定價變得困難。然而,如果發行價格接近或高於股票的真實價格,那麼在IPO中,收益主要來自二級市場。投資者的非理性情緒是由投機泡沫引發的,同時也降低了發行定價。此外,如果發行價格低於上市首日盤價的公允價值,且高於股票的真實價值,則從二級市場泡沫中獲得首日IPO,從而傳遞低定價問題。

論文代寫-IPO抑價

The relationship between the government intervention and IPO underpricing remains a hot topic ever since the beginning of the stock exchanges. It is a common knowledge that Chinese stock market is often heavily regulated by the government policy. Such limits indicate a stronger restriction compare to other western countries or regions (Albertini & Barrieu, 2009). The government participates in the stock market activities in every step of the IPO progress that shows the strong intervention of Chinese government (Avadhani, 2010).The government adjusts the market operation through CSRC (China Securities Regulatory Commission), and the ministerial-level public institutions under the State Council execute a joint administrative function. Particularly, the government acts as the hand behind some listed companies, namely state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The objective of this study is to examine whether the unique situation in ownership structure leads to the underpricing of Chinese IPOs.

Even though much extant literatures discuss the relationship about the underpricing of IPOs, none of them can unify the opinions by influencing the levels. The main reason might be the dual role that government plays. On one hand, government regulations reduce information asymmetry between outsiders and insiders. Therefore, it alleviates IPO underpricing (Bird & Yeung, 2010).On the other hand, government intervention is associated with underpricing due to the priority of political destination rather than the profit of the certain field.

IPO underpricing (underpricing) usually refers to the transaction price which is greater than a market issue price after the issuance of new shares hits the market after the first day. A large number of confirmatory literatures found that both the mature and the emerging capital markets meet IPO underpricing at the beginning of new shares, even though they may differ in the degree of difference. In general, IPO underpricing caused by two aspects of reasons which are the pricing of the primary market substantially that is low (compared with the fair value of the stock) and it consists of full of irrational elements of market transaction price (Bird & Yeung, 2010). Many foreign scholars assume that the closing value of the first day of listing is the fair value of the issued shares for the IPO underpricing and claim that the first-day earnings of listed companies to the investors are taking risks. There are other voices about the previous theories and the scholars found that underwriters often hold optimistic viewpoints about the issue of new shares. It also results in a higher issuing pricing. The fair value of the stocks is shown to be lower than the noise traders’ psychological price. This phenomenon might be a way for differentiating the original IPO price composition that will help understand the causes of IPO underpricing original. However, the real reasons may be complex in the practical situation. The issue of the fair price of the stock makes it difficult to underprice an IPO level market of real blue value and the secondary market in an unreasonable way. However, if the issued prices are close to or above the true price of the stock, then in the IPO, earnings are depicted mainly from the secondary market. The investor’s irrational emotion is triggered by the speculative bubble and also lowers the issuing pricing. Furthermore, if the issue price is lower than the fair value on the first day of listed disk prices and higher than the true value of the stock, then first-day IPO is gained from the secondary market bubble and the issue of low pricing is imparted.

留学生代写-性别认同

留学生代写-性别认同

概括性是指一个人的解剖结构。性别是指社会对特定性别的认知。在社会中,存在着对性别的刻板印象。这在理解性别方面起着重要的作用。这些性别认同和性别认同的集体主义观念是基于社会的民粹主义影响者。其中一些错误的解释导致人们在社区中对性别形成刻板印象,并与跨性别者保持一致。这可以通过为学生提供适当的教学辅助来纠正。这种观念的根源在于后现代主义观点与社会自由主义观点在观念上的冲突。这些问题必须首先得到纠正,以促进社会上的平等主义。

空间和身份

空间和身份是密不可分的。在这一语境中,身份是指人们所持有的个人主义和集体观念。它们是一种有趣的动态,可以从对空间和身份的分析中理解(Gupta, & Ferguson, 1992)。人们对与太空有关的身份越来越感兴趣。要理解一个特定的空间,需要考虑许多不同的变量(Hetherington, 1996.)。从社会学的角度来看,一个地方的表征或象征依赖于断裂、断裂和分离的图像(Gupta & Ferguson, 1992)。每一个空间都是一种特定文化的反映,是人们集体主义观念的体现。除此之外,特定文化的社会谱系也受到影响,反映在社会中的每个空间中(Bale和Philo, 2002)。地点与身份之间的特定关系可以影响社会的一致性、文化以及空间的政治意识形态(Charlton et al., 2011)。感觉与这个空间有联系的人会觉得自己是局内人。这个空间给人一种归属感。有趣的是,当移民来到一个新的国家,他们试图在新的空间之间建立联系,以发展自己的身份(Keith, & Pile, 2004)。由此可以理解,空间的身份是基于空间中人们的社会认同和文化实践(Massey, 1997)。因此,个体对空间的认同是基于社会中人们对理想的集体认知。

留学生代写-性别认同

To summarize sex refers to the anatomy of a person. Gender refers to the perception of the particular sex in the societies. In the societies, there is stereotyping of the gender. This plays an important role in understanding about the gender. The collectivistic notions of these identities of sex and gender are based on the populist influencers of the society. Some of these faulty interpretations causes the people to stereotype gender and conform against the transgender in the communities. This can be rectified by providing the students with the proper teaching aids. The roots of this perception are because of the conflict in opinion between the post modernist views and social liberalism views. These issues must first be rectified in order to promote egalitarianism in the society.

Space and Identity

Space and identities are inextricably bound together. In this context identity refers to both the individualistic and collective perception held by the people. They are an interesting dynamic that can be understood from analysis of space and identity (Gupta, & Ferguson, 1992). There has been a growing interest among the people regarding space related identities. To comprehend about a particular space there are a number of different variables that should be considered (Hetherington, 1996.). From a sociological perspective the representation or symbolization of a place is dependent on the images of break, rupture and disjunction (Gupta & Ferguson, 1992). Each space is a reflection of a particular culture, collectivistic perception of the people. Apart from this there is influenced of the social genealogy of the particular culture that is reflected in each space that is found in the societies (Bale, and Philo, 2002). The specific relation between place and identity can influence social conformities, culture and also about the political ideologies of a space (Charlton et al., 2011). People who feel connected to the space will feel like an insider. This space gives a sense of belonging to the individuals. Interestingly when immigrants come into a new country, they try to foster a connection between the new space to develop their identities (Keith, & Pile, 2004). Subsequent to this it can be understood that identity of a space is based on the social conformities and cultural practices of the people in the space (Massey, 1997). Hence the identity of a space by the individuals is based on the collectivistic perception of the ideals held by the people in the societies.

英國大學代寫-創業機會

英國大學代寫-創業機會

人們認識到這種特殊的紙的潛在價值,陶瓷產品和壓電陶瓷製造商,甚至其他研究人員。這項發明的研究人員申請了一項專利,最終被當地大學批准。

發明這篇論文的一位研究人員即將完成博士學位。他發明了當地大學的釋放紙,以及當地大學外的一種電子輔助的、獨特的陶瓷材料。從大學獲得博士學位後,他從事了導電材料的研究,並具有實際應用價值。他最終決定建立一個商業計劃,在商業化和開發的材料,被稱爲“電子商務材料”。

一個創業機會的建議

瞭解到ECmaterial開發可能需要幾個月的時間,並且至少需要兩年的時間才能產生任何有意義的收入。爲了解決這一問題,需要一種在實驗室環境中可生產並能立即產生收入的臨時產品。釋放被認爲是在當地大學共同發明的。

ECmaterial的開發得到了保證,並且瞭解到“發佈表”可以產生公司生存第一年所需的收入。

具體和詳細的想法

在模型的幫助下,建立了諧波模型。該產品將在許多原陶瓷材料的基礎上開發,其目標是在技術上銷售或許可這些產品,供客戶在不同的應用中使用。該公司的核心產品不包括“發佈表”,但被認爲在產品開發階段可以產生收入。因此,公司的目標不是成爲釋放表的高產量製造商(Johnson, 2005)。如果發佈版需求快速增長,公司將尋找產品的授權方或買家,以保持專注於開發與新型陶瓷參材相關的應用和技術爲核心競爭力。

英國大學代寫-創業機會

There was recognition of this special paper’s potential value to manufacturers of the ceramic products and piezoceramics and indeed to other researchers. The researchers of this invention applied for a patent that was granted eventually by the local university.

One of the researchers who invented the paper was near his completion of doctorate. He invented the release paper to the local university along with an electronically conducive and unique material of ceramic outside the local university. After securing the doctorate from the university, he did research on materials that are electronically conductive and have practical applications. He eventually took the decision of building a business plan in commercializing and developing the material that was named as “EC material”.

One recommendation for the entrepreneurial opportunity

The knowledge that ECmaterial development can take months, and at least two years would be required in generating revenues of any significance. To solve this problem, an interim product was needed which is producible in the settings of the laboratory and could begin to generate immediate income. The release was to be considered that was co-invented at the local university.

The development of the ECmaterial was secured and the knowledge was obtained that ‘release sheets’ can generate income which was needed for the company’s viability within the first year.

Specific and detailed ideas

There was founding of the harmonics with the help of the model as follows. The products would be developed on the basis of many propreitory ceramic materials having a goal of technology selling or licensing of those products for the use of the customers in relation to different apllications. The company’s central products do not include the ‘release sheets’ but has been considered to generate income in the product’s development phase. Threfore, the objective of the company was not to become the release sheet’s high volume manufacturer (Johnson, 2005). In case, there was rapid growth of demand for the release sheets, the company would search for product’s licensee or buyer in order to keep the focus on the development of applications and technologies related to the new ceramic matrerial as its core competency.

留学生作业代写-虚拟团队

留学生作业代写-虚拟团队

决策和虚拟团队:

虚拟团队中,只有当公开讨论和团队授权在团队中盛行时,决策才能成功。当虚拟团队面临缺乏团队讨论和媒体选择不当等问题时,这可能会降低虚拟团队决策的质量(Pinjani, & Palvia, 2013, p-149)。关键是要选择一种有效的技术,以支持成功决策的一致性。

例如,戴尔表示,虚拟团队的效率高得惊人。VTs是网络中具有集群的设置。VT中的决策是通过HR-direct等软件进行的,这些软件可以帮助集成虚拟团队的成员,使他们能够轻松地在自己之间共享信息。使用该软件可以节省时间,决策更加灵活和分散(Verburg, Bosch-Sijtsema, & Vartiainen, 2013, p-71)。虚拟团队的集成帮助他们在不到30天的时间内高效地完成报告,这比戴尔团队在虚拟团队集成前两个月的时间要短。虚拟团队决策的有效性基于对具有不同媒体功能的技术的选择。成功与否取决于用户能否充分利用媒体的能力。

领导力和虚拟团队:

虚拟团队中的领导者不仅像普通员工一样工作,他们还将虚拟团队成员(包括他们自己)的角色和职责形式化。领导者必须模仿他们期望从团队中得到的行为(Mukherjee, Lahiri, Mukherjee, & Billing, 2012, p-277)。领导者在为团队成员设计被倾听和参与的机会方面扮演着至关重要的角色。为了有效地增进更好的理解,必须广泛使用问题,这对于弥补缺乏视觉信息也是必要的。

例如,Firefox的制造商Mozilla和一个非政府组织拥有一个由分散在世界各地的远程工作人员组成的分布式团队。公司拥有13个全球办事处,员工分布在30多个国家(Hoch, & Kozlowski, 2014)。Mozilla中VT的领导者对生成的结果进行跟踪记录,并关注团队中遵循的流程。领导根据团队成员的优势,促进及时反馈,建立有效的团队。它是由领导人确保,赞助商是最新的,并参与关键的演习的团队。

留学生作业代写-虚拟团队

Decision-making and virtual teams:

Decision-making is successful in virtual team only when open discussion and team empowerment prevails within the teams. In cases where the virtual teams face issues related to lack of team discussion and improper media selection, this may deteriorate the quality of the decision making in the virtual teams (Pinjani, & Palvia, 2013, p-149). It is crucial that an effective technology is selected which is supportive to the convergence of the successful decision making.

For example, Dell says that virtual teams are alarmingly effective. VTs are set-ups with clusters within a network. The decision making in VT is through software such as HR–direct that helps in integrating members of the virtual teams so that they can share information among themselves easily. With the use of such software, time is saved and the decision making is more flexible and decentralized (Verburg, Bosch-Sijtsema, & Vartiainen, 2013, p-71). The virtual team’s integration helps them in completely performing the reports efficiently in less than 30 days, which is less than earlier time, taken of two months by the team of Dell before the Virtual Team integration. The effectiveness of the virtual team’s decision making is based on the choice of technologies having varied media capabilities. The success depends on the ability of users to make best use of the capabilities of the media.

Leadership and virtual teams:

Leaders in the virtual teams do not just work as normal employees, instead they formalize roles and responsibilities of the virtual team members including their own. Leaders must model the behavior which they are expecting from their teams (Mukherjee, Lahiri, Mukherjee, & Billing, 2012, p-277). Leaders play a crucial role in designing the opportunities for the team members for being heard and engaged. With an aim of making an effective increase in better understanding, extensive use of questions must be made and this is also necessary for offsetting the lack of visual information.

For example, Mozilla, the maker of Firefox and an NGO has a distributed team consisting of remote workers dispersed all over the world. The company has 13 global offices with workforce working in above 30 countries (Hoch, & Kozlowski, 2014). The leaders of the VT in Mozilla keeps a track record of results produced and focus on the processes followed within the team. The leaders promote timely feedback and work for building an effective teams based on the strengths of the team members. It is ensured by the leaders that the sponsors are kept up to date and are involved in key exercises of the team.

personal statement 代写:麦当劳的绩效运营

personal statement 代写:麦当劳的绩效运营

在麦当劳,绩效的运营一致性集中在以下方面(Aguinis et al. 2011)。

与年度战略计划一致的kpi的清晰组合必须由顶层管理人员定义,作为定义跨低层管理传递的目标的初始点。

级联目标的具体指导方针,包括列出精确数量的目标标准、目标类别和目标数量的方法。

支持培训,将重点放在关键的少数几个方面,包括指导方针,以确保目标与个人对整个组织的重要贡献领域保持一致和相关。

讨论如何细化目标,使之与个人偏好和需求相一致,其中包括为实现目标而定制操作和计划,以提供清晰的操作和计划,这些操作和计划可以由个人实际拥有并完成。

为制定和更新目标以及伴随实现目标的行动而进行的对话,同时确保为实现目标而在战术和方向上调整不可避免的变化和初步计划。

战略联合方法是一种交互作用的互惠组合,包括充分沟通、透明的业务策略更新以及目标和目标的相关更改。这种方法通常是与提高绩效的机会和问题相关的向上和开放的沟通相结合的。承认这些事实必须由最高层管理人员(卡普兰和诺顿,2001)。这种反馈循环是成功的绩效管理系统最重要的属性之一。

personal statement 代写:麦当劳的绩效运营

At McDonalds, the operational alignment of performance focuses on the following (Aguinis et al. 2011).

A clear combination of KPIs in alignment with yearly strategic initiatives have to be defined by the top level management serving as an initial point to define goals passed down across the lower management.

Specific guideline to cascade goal that include methods to outline a precise number of goal criteria, goal categories and number of goals.

Support of coaching to focus on the crucially few that include guideline to ensure that goals are aligned and relevant with significant areas of individual contribution to the entire organization.

Discussion for refining goals to be in alignment with individual preferences and needs that include tailoring actions and plans for fulfilment of goals in providing clear actions and plans that can be realistically owned and completed by individual performers.

Dialogues for refining and updating goals and to accompany actions for their fulfilment, while ensuring that inevitable changes and initial plans are calibrated in tactics and direction for completion of goal.

Strategic alignment approach is a reciprocal combination of interactions with fully communicated, transparent updates on strategies of business and related changes in objectives and goals. This approach is more frequently cascaded with upward and open communication related to opportunities and problems for improvement of performance. The acknowledgment of these facts has to be done by the top level management (Kaplan and Norton, 2001). This loop of feedback is among the most significant attributes of successful systems of performance management.

代写英文:需求,供给和价格

代写英文:需求,供给和价格

当考虑到市场的供给方时,产品是由公司卖给消费者的。企业愿意生产和销售的产品数量总是带有不确定性。有许多变量,公司认为之前决定愿意生产的产品的数量,比如,产品的价格,工人的薪酬,原材料的成本和资金成本,技术用于生产产品,未来价格和生产者的期望。

根据供给定律,在其他条件不变的情况下,当产品价格较大时,供给量越大。同样,供给量也会减少;当产品价格较低时,假设其他因素不变。供给定律的结果是,当生产数量增加时,边际成本倾向于增加生产一种商品和服务。生产者只有在能够支付生产的边际成本的情况下才愿意提供一种商品。

与供给规律相一致,个体供给曲线斜率为正。解释正斜率时,这是公司应对价格上涨的方式。随着价格的上涨,企业雇佣更多的劳动力和购买更多的原材料来增加产量是有鼓励作用的。经常发生的情况是,在努力增加员工的力量,一个公司被迫支付加班费或雇用更少的生产力或更昂贵的工人比原来在那里。供给曲线可以表示不同产量的生产边际成本。边际原理可以用来解释这一点。

在解释某一特定产品的市场供给曲线时,重点是所有生产者愿意共同销售的产品数量与产品价格之间的关系。这个概念被称为“其他条件对等”。在绘制市场供给曲线时,假设所有其他影响单个供给曲线的变量都是常数。市场数量的供给简单地说就是所有公司在市场上供应的数量的相加。

代写英文:需求,供给和价格

When considering a market’s supply side, the products are sold to the consumers by the firms. There is always uncertainty attached with the quantity of products that a firm is willing to produce and sell. There are a number of variables that a firm considers before taking the decision on the quantity of the products it is willing to produce, such as, the product’s price, the workers’ remuneration, the cost of the raw materials, and the cost of capital, technology used in producing the products, the future prices and the expectation of the producer.

According to the law of supply, the quantity supplied is greater, when the product’s price is greater, under the assumption that other things remain constant. In the same way, the quantity supplied is smaller; when the product’s price is lower, under the assumption that other things remain constant. The result of the law of supply is the tendency that when quantity produced increases, there is propensity of the marginal cost to increase producing a good and service. There is willingness of the producers in supplying a good, only if it is possible in covering the production’s marginal cost.

Being consistent with the law of supply, there is positive slope for the individual supply curve. Explaining the positive slope, it is the way a firm can be responding to the price increase. As the price becomes higher, there is encouragement for a firm in increasing its output with the hire of more labor and purchase of more raw materials. It often happens that in the endeavor of increasing the employee strength, a firm is compelled in paying overtime or hiring less productive or more expensive workers than the ones who were there originally. The supply curve can be showing the production’s marginal cost for the different quantities produced. The marginal principles can be used to be explaining this.

When explaining a particular product’s market supply curve, the focal point is the relationship between quantity of the products that all producers are willing to sell together and the price of the products. This concept is known as ceteris paribus. The market supply curve is drawn with the assumption that all other variables affecting the individual supply curve is constant. The supply of the market quantity is simply the addition of the quantities supplied in the market by all firms.

商业文章代写:商业计划

商业文章代写:商业计划

这是为grocery run起草的一份商业计划,这家在线杂货零售商希望通过与小规模农户直接联系来扩大其业务功能。目前,grocyrun已经通过送货上门的方式向网上订购的顾客供应品牌食品。本报告将市场可行性、技术可行性、人力可行性和财务可行性作为商业计划的一部分进行研究和分析。最后对未来的一些改进提出了建议。

介绍

对任何企业来说,计划都是一个重要的因素。有一个仔细研究和起草的商业计划将作为一个蓝图的业务(Topfer, 2011)。业务计划中确定了一些关键因素,这些因素将帮助企业确定其在市场中的机遇和威胁,包括对其增长的宏观环境影响。公司也将能够理解它可以采取的可行策略(以技术或人力的形式),以满足市场的挑战和机遇。公司的财务实力也是商业计划的一个关键标准,因为它显示了公司基于给定的环境影响和更多的财务预测。本研究报告的目的是为现有组织准备一份商业计划。现有的组织是grocyrun。grocery yrun是一家现有的在线杂货零售商,向人们出售从食品储藏室、蛋白质、饮食、健康和化妆品到花园和宠物用品等各种产品。该订单是在线下的,并通过一个9.99美元的平板运输帽发送给客户(yrun, 2015)。

市场可行性

现在的消费者似乎直接在科尔斯超市、伍尔斯沃斯超市等实体店购物。grocery yrun应该把这视为一种威胁,但在线市场仍在增长。它还没有达到它的全部能力。一项针对澳大利亚消费者的调查显示,超过一半的消费者(55%)愿意使用在线服务(Food Magazine, 2015)。因此,未来食品杂货商必须为许多未来的机会做好准备。

商业文章代写:商业计划

This is a business plan drafted for GroceryRun an online grocery retailer who wants to expand their business functionality by connecting directly with small scale farmers. Currently GroceryRun already supplies branded foods by means of door delivery to customers who place their orders online. This report will conduct the market feasibility, technical and human feasibility and financial feasibility as parts of the business planning-research and analysis. Recommendations are made at the end for some improvements that GroceryRun could focus on for the future.

Introduction

Planning is an important element for any business. Having a carefully researched and drafted business plan will serve as a blueprint for the business (Topfer, 2011). There are key elements that are identified in the business plan which will help the business identify its opportunities and threats in its market, inclusive of the macro environmental effects on its growth. The company will also be able to understand the feasible strategies it can step up (in the form of technical or human) in order to meet market challenges and opportunities. The Financial strength of the company is also a key criterion of the business plan as it shows the financial projections for the company based on given environmental effects and more. The purpose of this research report is to prepare a business plan for an existing organization. The existing organization is GroceryRun. GroceryRun is an existing online grocery retailer who sells products from pantry, protein, diet, health and toiletries to garden and pet items to people. The order is placed online and it is dispatched to the customers with a $9.99 flat shipping cap (GroceryRun, 2015).

Market Feasibility

Current consumers seem to be shopping directly at the physical place of Cole’s, Woolsworth Supermarket etc. While GroceryRun should see this as a threat, the online market however is still growing. It has not reached its full capacity yet. A survey conducted with Australian consumers indicate that more than a half of the consumers (55%) are willing to use online services (Food Magazine, 2015). Therefore, futuristic GroceryRun has to prepare for many futuristic opportunities.

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

消費者行爲研究方法被認爲是與消費者管理相關的商業和營銷領域中最重要、討論、研究和分析的課題之一。主要的組織和商業專家認爲,由於世界各地公司對服務的營銷,全世界消費者的期望已經提高到很高的水平。因此,我們應該分析和評估導致某些消費者行爲的各種不同服務。爲了做到這一點,我們必須討論消費者在正確評估服務的過程中所採取的方法。在這種情況下,我們將根據每天在科羅拉多河流域進行的漂流旅行來評估那些導致消費者行爲的服務。

在評估服務時,消費者主要搜索有形性等因素。服務更關心經驗問題。它比任何東西都更有價值。第三個也是最後一個評估標準是分析服務的可信度。這些是評估服務的一般特徵。但是,這些標準的建立和驗證與許多重要因素有關(Peter & Orson, 2010)。

科羅拉多河流域的漂流體驗由戶外運動者以一種精緻的崇敬和神祕的本質來陳述。他們把這種感覺稱爲河流魔法。在這種情況下,爲了正確地分析非凡的體驗,我們必須關注提供這種體驗的元素。還需要討論椽子的期望和視角,以及它們在服務遇到時與服務提供者的交流行爲(Arnould & Price, 1993)。這些因素最終將導致對河流魔法的正確評價。

代筆費用:消費者行爲研究方法

Consumer behavioural approach is regarded as one of the most important, discussed, researched and analyzed topics in the field of business & marketing related to consumer management. Major organizations and business experts are of the view that the expectations of the consumer base throughout the world have gone up to a high level because of the marketing of the services done by the companies throughout the world. Therefore, we should analyze and assess the various different services that lead to some consumer behaviour. In order to do that, we have to discuss the approaches taken by the consumers in the process of properly evaluating a service. In this case, we will try to assess those services that lead to consumer behaviour in light of the river rafting trips conducted every day in the Colorado River basin.

In the case of assessing the services, consumers mostly search about factors like tangibility. Services are more concerned with the issue of experience. It is valued more than anything else. The third and final assessment criterion is to analyze the credence of the services. These are the characteristics of assessing a service in general. But, establishment and validation of such criterions are related to a number of important factors (Peter & Orson, 2010).

River rafting experiences in the Colorado River basin are stated by the outfitters with an exquisite essence of reverence and mystery. They have termed this sense as River Magic. In order to correctly analyze the extraordinary experience, in this case, one has to focus on the elements that offer such experience. It is also needed to discuss the expectations and perspectives of the rafters and their communicative behaviour with the service providers during the service encounter (Arnould & Price, 1993). These factors will finally lead to the proper evaluation of the River Magic.

論文代寫:寶潔公司

論文代寫:寶潔公司

隨着全球化的推進和新興經濟體的快速發展,各組織在進入特定市場方面開始面臨重大挑戰。許多公司採用不同的進入策略,而確定國外市場進入策略具有重要的意義。有些公司傾向於更注重內部能力和資源,儘管這很重要,但也有必要考慮一些其他因素,例如正式和非正式機構。這些因素對任何企業的全球戰略都有深遠的影響,但全球戰略的制定完全是根據基於資源和產業的因素。制度經濟學以維持經濟、政治和社會機構而聞名,這些機構爲經濟轉型制定框架,從而影響跨國國家公司戰略的制定。

本文的目的是瞭解非正式和正式機構的功能和作用,進一步評估全球公司在戰略制定和實施過程中應對不同地區環境時的最適當反應。爲了討論的目的,將使用不同的理論和框架進行適當的分析。在此基礎上,本文將對論文的關鍵問題進行解答。公司選擇這種討論和分析的目的是寶潔(Procter & Gamble Co .)開始這篇文章,提供了公司的簡要概述,並討論將進一步闡述了確定正式和非正式制度因素和影響戰略制定和實施的過程。

公司概況

寶潔公司是一家美國跨國消費品公司,總部設在美國俄亥俄州。它是由James Gamble和William Procter在1837年發現的,他們都屬於英國。2014年,P & G已經成功地記錄銷售831億美元,同年,該公司宣佈精簡,消除100品牌和保持集中關注剩下的65個品牌,生產公司的95%的利潤。P & G的CEO進一步提到,在未來的日子裏,公司將是一個不那麼複雜,更簡單的領先品牌之一,更容易管理和運營。包容和多樣性深深植根於企業的原則、價值觀和宗旨。公司致力於創造一種雙贏的文化,在這種文化中,經理們和同事們互相給予真誠的關心。期望組織中的每個人都充分參與,以確保在業務組織的所有方面都能交付任務。儘管包容性和多樣性在寶潔的原則、價值觀和目標中是隱含的,在其戰略中是明確的,但該公司受到各自行業的正式機構和信息機構的影響。

論文代寫:寶潔公司

With the advancement of globalization and the rapidly evolving condition of emerging economies, organizations have started to face major challenges with respect to entering in a specific market. Different strategies of entry are used by a number of companies, while there is huge significance of determining the strategy of foreign market entry. Some companies hold the tendency of focusing more on the internal capabilities and resources, and even though important, there is a need for considering a number of other factors such as formal and informal institutions. These have a profound effect on the global strategy any business, yet there is a determination of global strategies solely in accordance with resource based and industrial factors. Institutional economics is known for maintaining economic, political and social institutions setting the frame for transitions of the economy, and thus impact the development of strategies for multinational national corporations.

The aim of this essay is focused on understanding the function and role of informal and formal institutions, further evaluating the most appropriate responses of global companies when dealing with different regional setting in the process of strategy development and implementation. For the purpose of this discussion, different theories and frameworks will be used for conducting appropriate analysis. Based on this analysis, the key essay question will be answered. The company selected for the purpose of this discussion and analysis is Procter & Gamble Co. To begin with the essay, a brief overview of the company has been provided, and the discussion will further be elaborated to identify formal and informal institutional factors and their impact on the process of strategy development and implementation.

Overview of the Company

Procter & Gamble Co. (P & G) is an American company of multinational consumer products with headquarter in Ohio, United States of America. It was found by James Gamble and William Procter, both belonging to United Kingdom in the year 1837. In the year 2014, P & G had been successful in recording sales of 83.1 billion dollars and in the same year, the company announced to streamline itself, with the elimination of 100 brands and maintaining a concentrated focus on the rest of the 65 brands, producing 95 percent of the profits of the company. It was further mentioned by the CEO of P & G that in the coming future, the company will be a much less complex and a much simpler one of all leading brands, presenting itself as easier for management and operations. Inclusion and diversity has strong roots in the principles, values and purpose of the business. The company shows strong commitment for the creation of a winning culture in which the managers and the colleagues show sincere care to one another. Full engagement is expected from everyone in the organization for ensuring there is a delivery of the mission within all facets of the business organizations. Even though inclusion and diversity is implicit in the principles, values and purpose of P & G, and explicit in its strategy, the company is affected by formal and information institutions in the respective industry.