每个人都知道，坚持锻炼对身体是有好处的。然而，运动也会导致大脑的一些变化，这些变化有助于改善大脑的健康。一致的锻炼被发现对焦虑、多动症甚至抑郁水平有深远的积极影响(Marton et al.， 2010)。它还能进一步缓解压力，改善记忆力，帮助改善睡眠，提高整体情绪。研究还表明，一个人不必为了获得好处而疯狂健身，但即使是适量的运动也能帮助创造出不同的效果。无论一个人的年龄或健康水平如何，他都有能力学会将运动作为一种让人感觉更好的强大媒介，因此，它与抗衰老有关(Goto et al.， 2007)。根据神经科学的说法，在比较运动人群和从不运动的人群时，该品牌存在一些差异(Bayod et al.， 2015)。本文的目的是在神经科学的研究中，提出运动作为一种抗衰老机制的本质。
运动的人往往会享受到很多好处，尤其是大脑的变化。锻炼的人具有降低胰岛素抵抗、减少炎症、刺激生长因子释放的能力(Bayod et al.， 2015)。大脑释放某种化学物质，最终促进大脑细胞的健康。新的血管也在大脑中生长，提高了存活率，也增加了大脑中新细胞的数量。通过间接和直接的来源锻炼人们的思维和记忆能力(Fiuza-Luces et al.， 2013)。锻炼有直接的好处，因为它能增强减少胰岛素抵抗、减少炎症和刺激释放生长因子的能力。当考虑到间接因素时，锻炼的人改善了睡眠和情绪，从而进一步减少了焦虑和压力。这些方面的问题经常导致认知障碍。
Everyone understands that consistent exercise is good when it comes to the body. However, exercise also leads towards several changes in the brain which help in improving the health of the brain. Consistent exercise has been found to have a profound positive influence over anxiety, ADHD and even depression levels (Marton et al., 2010). It further leads towards relieving stress, improving memory, helping in better sleep and boosting the mood overall. Research has also depicted that one does not have to be a fanatic of fitness for reaping the advantages, but even modest exercise amount can help in creating a different. No matter the age or level of fitness, one has the ability of learning to utilize exercise as a powerful medium for making one feel better, and therefore, it has been associated with anti-ageing (Goto et al., 2007). There are several differences as per neurosciences which come forward in the brand when comparing people who exercise versus those who never exercise (Bayod et al., 2015). The aim in this essay is to bring forward the essence of exercise as an anti-ageing regime with regard to the study of neurosciences.
Exercise as an anti-ageing regime
The essay will discuss two essential perspectives. The first is to discuss the changes in the brain for those who exercise regularly and those who never exercise. The second lies in discussing the effectiveness of exercise on the whole for those who exercise constantly and the changes in their brain at positive level.
People who exercise versus people who don’t exercise (Brain Changes)
People who exercise tend to enjoy a number of benefits, especially with changes in brain. People who exercise are provided with the ability of reducing the resistance of insulin, reduction in inflammation, and stimulation of release in the factors of growth (Bayod et al., 2015). The brain releases certain chemical that end up enhancing the health of cells in the brain. The new vessels of blood are also grown in the brain, enhancing the survival as well as the abundance of new cells in the brain. Exercising people have enhanced ability of thinking and memory by indirect and direct sources (Fiuza-Luces et al., 2013). There are direct benefits involved with the exercise due to the enhanced ability of reducing resistance of insulin, reducing inflammation and stimulating to release the factors of growth. When considering indirect factors, people who exercise have improved sleep and mood, which further results in the reduction of anxiety and stress. Issues across these areas result in frequently contributing to or causing cognitive impairment.