英国论文抄袭后果:香蕉对非洲农民收入的贡献

英国论文抄袭后果:香蕉对非洲农民收入的贡献

尽管贫困的比例在下降,但非洲仍然是世界上最贫穷的大陆。根据世界银行(2010)的数据,截至2009年,仍有51和73%的非洲人每天仅靠1.25美元和2.00美元生活。约59%的贫困人口生活在农村,他们的生计高度依赖于农业提供的粮食和资金。换句话说,农业可以被视为非洲最大的经济活动。此外,人口的快速增长(每年约3%),土壤肥力的下降,以及压倒性的城市移民增加了对粮食的需求(Dorelien, 2008)。

香蕉不仅是一种粮食,也是许多农民的现金来源,是非洲粮食安全和生计的重要组成部分,特别是香蕉产区。例如,在乌干达,香蕉是全主食,每年人均消费400公斤,是世界上最高的(FAOSTAT, 2013)。这意味着,如果没有香蕉,乌干达将成为一个粮食净进口国。和许多非洲国家一样,当地人生产和消费的香蕉几乎都是非卡文迪许香蕉。

英国论文抄袭后果:香蕉对非洲农民收入的贡献

然而,关于非卡文迪什香蕉(主要是烹饪香蕉)并没有很多公开的信息或报道。本报告旨在从非卡文迪许香蕉的育种、收获后处理、运输方式和保鲜等生物技术方面,分析扩大非卡文迪许香蕉的生产、销售和出口的可行性,以期为农民种植非卡文迪许香蕉的经济效益提供一些建议。将提供一些对政府和农民有用的策略,以及这些创新的一些成本估算,以寻求其可行性的启示。

英国论文抄袭后果:香蕉对非洲农民收入的贡献

Though, the percentage of poverty is declining, Africa remains the poorest continent in the world. According to the Word Bank (2010), until 2009, 51 and 73% of Africans are still living on only US$1.25 and US$2.00 per day. About 59% of these poor people are living in rural areas, and their livelihood highly depends on the agriculture providing them food and money. In other words, agriculture can be seen as the largest economic activity in Africa. Moreover, the rapid increase in population (about 3% per year), the decline of the soil fertility, and the overwhelming urban migration have increased demand for food (Dorelien, 2008).

Banana is not only a food, but also a cash resource for many farmers, so it is quite an important component of Africa’s food security and livelihood especially in the banana production zones. For example, in Uganda, banana is the whole staple food with an annual per capita consumption of 400 kg, the highest in the world (FAOSTAT, 2013). That means, without bananas, Uganda would be a net importer country of food. As in many African countries, banana produced and consumed by locals are almost exclusively the non-Cavendish types.

英国论文抄袭后果:香蕉对非洲农民收入的贡献

However, there’s not much published information or reports about the non-Cavendish(mainly cooking banana). In order to provide some advice about how farmers could make more money by growing non-Cavendish, the objective of this report is to analyze the feasibility of expanding production, marketing and exporting the non-cavendish banana from the biotechnical aspect, including breeding, post-harvest treatment, transporting methods and preservation. Some useful strategies to the government and the farmers and some cost estimates of these innovations to seek for implications for their feasiblity will get provided.