英国论文代写-成人学习理论

英国论文代写-成人学习理论。成人学习理论以学习者为中心,以人本主义学习理论为基础。非语言学习的主要假设是在学习者的自主能力和自我概念指导自己学习过程的语境中进行的。成年学习者具有自立、独立、自主的意识,目标有自我导向(Ntiri, 2013)。以前受过学校教育的成年人往往是处于建构阶段的学习者,他们是独立的,把学生从他们以前的习惯中移走,在学习者的自我指导中塑造他们,同时鼓励他们承担起学习的责任,这是教育者的主要偏好。因此,成人学习的四个原则中有非常重要的是学习者集中化,主动性,参与性和相关性。论文范文英国论文代写-成人学习理论分享给留学生阅读。

Adults feel motivated to learn when they have a specific goal, and mostly for purpose of advancing the career. There is no mandatory obligation to learn among adults, which refers that they end up dropping classes if according to them the classes are not significant for meeting their goals and objective (Merriam, 2008). Also maximum numbers of adult learners are known to be having higher motivation and task orientation. Adults also tend to be facing a number of challenges like various career opportunities, fewer opportunities to rely on stable social structure, and even deal with ageing parents and family responsibility.

Children perceive the condition of absolute dependency on adult. Other than the absolute biological functions, the needs of children have to be taken care of. However, the overall concept of self- dependency is reinforced and encouraged by the world of adult, and hence, the preferences and aspects of learning for adults and children are different (Mezirow, 2000). Most of the times, adults make voluntary entry in educational programs, while ensuring to manage their classes around the responsibilities of work and family. The adult learning theory of andragogy has key focus on learner by nature and is grounded in accordance with the theory of humanistic learning. The main assumption of andragogy is in context with the independent ability and self- concept of learners for directing their own process of learning. Adult learners hold a sense of self- reliance, independence and autonomy and there is self- direction of goals (Ntiri, 2013). Adults who have experienced schooling previously tend to be under construction as learners who are dependent, and it is the key preference of educator for moving student from their previous habits, shaping them within learners of self- direction, while encouraging them to take up the responsibility for their learning. And hence, there is huge significant of the four principles of adult learning that are learner centralization, activeness, engagement, and relevance.

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