英国施工论文代写:天然气输送系统

英国施工论文代写:天然气输送系统

现有的横加达天然气输送系统由多条天然气平行管道组成,从阿尔伯塔省和萨斯喀彻温省东部边界到魁北克-佛蒙特州边界,全长14000公里。TransCanada公司的energy east管线项目将其中一条原油输送管线改造成天然气输送管线(Morse, 2012)。拟议中的原油管道长4515公里,每天从阿尔伯塔省和萨斯喀彻温省输送110万桶原油,供加拿大东部炼油厂使用。

该项目将涉及将加拿大现有干线2997公里处的NPS 42段从天然气输送到原油运输(Hoberg, 2013)。

英国施工论文代写:天然气输送系统

该项目由3个管段组成。首先,将开发从阿尔伯塔省哈蒂地区到伯斯托尔和萨斯喀彻温省的新管道。其次,管道转换将从萨斯喀彻温、伯斯托尔到安大略(易洛魁人)。最终将从靠近Onatario的地点修建新的管道(Bakhtyar et al., 2013)。这条管道负责将石油输送到蒙特利尔现有的炼油厂,这些炼油厂距离魁北克市更近,位于圣若赫地区,还有装载设施和海运码头。

由于能源东线项目对环境的影响,项目规模较大。仅仅了解这样一个项目的单一影响是不够的,因为它的范围(Anifowose et al., 2014)。该项目必将产生累积效应,包括社会经济影响和生物物理影响。本研究报告以尽可能好的方式包含了这些影响,并着重于最佳实践标准以及改进或减轻项目所要遵循的挑战的需求。

英国施工论文代写:天然气输送系统

The existing transmission system of TransCanada natural gas comprises of various natural gas parallel pipelines which stretch across 14,000 km from the border of Alberta and Saskatchewan eastern side to the border of Quebec-Vermont. The energy east pipeline project of TransCanada converts one such pipelines from carrying crude oil to natural gas carriage (Morse, 2012). The crude oil pipeline proposed has a length of 4515 km and carries 1.1 million barrels each day of crude oil from the region of Alberta and Saskatchewan for Eastern Canada refineries.

The project will involve converting of NPS 42 segments at 2997 km of the current Mainline of Canada from transmission of natural gas to the crude oil carriage (Hoberg, 2013).

英国施工论文代写:天然气输送系统

The project is comprised of 3 pipeline segment. Firstly, newer pipeline will be developed from the region of Hardisty, Alberta to Burstall and Saskatchewan. Secondly, the pipeline conversion would run from Saskatchewan, Burstall to Ontario (Iroquois). New pipelines finally would be built from points closer to Onatario (Bakhtyar et al., 2013). The pipeline are responsible in delivering the oil to current refineries existing in Montreal, closer to the city of Quebec and within the St. Joh area along with the loading facilities and marine terminal.

Projects undertaken over a scale is big as the project of energy east line have an influence over the environment. Only understanding singular influence of such a project is not sufficient due to its scope (Anifowose et al., 2014). The project is bound to have cumulative effects including socio-economic influences and biophysical influences. This research report entails such influences in the best possible manner and focuses over the best practices criteria along with the requirements to improve or mitigate the challenges to be followed by the project.