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英国代写:SCI论文摘要注意事项

英国代写:SCI论文摘要注意事项 摘要对于一篇论文写作是很重要的,论文摘要又称内容提要、概要。摘要是以提供论文内容梗概为目的,简明扼要地记述论文主旨的短文。其基本要素包括研究目的、方法、结果和结论。

具体地讲就是研究工作的主要对象和范围,采用的手段和方法,得出的结果和重要的结论,有时也包括具有情报价值的其它重要的信息。

摘要应具有独立性和自明性,并且拥有与文献同等量的主要信息,即不阅读全文,就能获得必要的信息。摘要不容赘言,故需逐字推敲。内容必须完整、具体、使人一目了然。

英文摘要虽以中文摘要为基础,但要考虑到不能阅读中文的读者的需求,实质性的内容不能遗漏。摘要一般应说明研究工作目的、实验方法、结果和最终结论等.而重点是结果和结论。

论文摘要是一篇论文的核心内容体现,同时也是读者和审稿员最关注的部分。因为论文摘要具有读之便知全文的作用,而SCI论文摘要的写作需要撰写哪些内容?同时又该注意些什么呢?

1写出文章正文中所采用的材料及简要的处理方法

切记勿将所有的正文大部分截取作为摘要,摘要主要是体现论文的大纲,不用过多作为一个详细介绍,简明扼要描述出正文中实验所采用的材料和简要不可少或者特殊的处理方法,吸引读者,也增加文章的趣味性和可阅读性。

2重要的结果在摘要就体现出来,比如多重比较结果,或者是因素方差分析结果

正文的重要结果可在摘要体现出来,这样一来道出文章主旨,也给读者一目了然的信息,或者还可以是简单介绍实验,再列出分析结果,不要将读者误导,也不要过多留悬念。

3最后写出本文的一些重点意义

摘要部分还是要透出文章的科研意义,和实验的价值意义所在,体现出文章的特殊性和现发现等信息。读者是首先透过摘要信息对正文的大致了解的,对摘要的截取要细心斟酌。

4将结果部分比较重要信息复制过来就可以了

正文的表达中最后会写出结果部分,这些也可以作为摘要的选择。在最后一句提出实验的意义和展望就算是完成了。

对于英国代写:SCI论文摘要注意事项先给大家介绍到这里,如果您有任何需要我们帮助的请联系我们网站客服,我们会24小时在线为您服务。

论文重复率:钙钛矿太阳能电池

论文重复率:钙钛矿太阳能电池

钙钛矿太阳能电池是由一种混合有机化合物构成的,该化合物也具有光活性层。钙钛矿材料通常生产成本较低,由卤化铅制成,易于生产。研究表明,这些元素将使太阳能效率提高3.8%以上,最高可达21%。此外,钙钛矿还被视为更具商业吸引力的投资项目。初创公司投资钙钛矿,太阳能电池模块在当前的市场上具有较高的生产和商业规模。钙钛矿的共同特征是三碘化CH3NH3PbI3。这是一个高电荷载体,具有更好的迁移率,因为高迁移率,光产生的电子能够产生更多的能量。光产生的电子可以移动到更远的距离,从而产生更多的能量。研究表明,与普通pv相比,100 mm左右的扩散长度(Hodes, 2013)在电子和锄头方面更高、更好,这使其具有更好的能量值生产(Hodes, 2013)。

钙钛矿被视为一个具有商业和功能吸引力的企业。钙钛矿的性质和物质属性引起了一些关注。钙钛矿是俄罗斯地理学会列夫·钙钛矿发现后的一个矿物名称。矿物结构由钙、钛和氧组成,形成CaTiO3。在对钙钛矿晶格排列的理解中,我们可以说钙钛矿是一种更大的带正电荷的分子阳离子,它存在于立方体中心。同一立方体的角上有正离子,立方体表面有带负电荷的阴离子。

现在考虑到钙钛矿的这种背景,以及它为市场提供的效率保证,它应该被认为是一种更商业化和更节能的产品,用于开发进一步的太阳能电池技术。然而,事实并非如此。在当代的研究分析中,经常有人指出钙钛矿可能存在的问题可能导致大规模的技术发展障碍。被引用的主要问题是钙钛矿细胞的稳定性(Snaith et al, 2014)。钙钛矿细胞可能不稳定,这可能影响其薄膜层的长期使用。此外,HTM的形式也存在一些问题。由于沉积真空过程的复杂性,薄膜层均匀性的发展也对稳定因素提出了挑战。这也将在本文中讨论。

除上述因素外,钙钛矿细胞的腐蚀形式也存在一些问题,腐蚀和腐蚀钙钛矿细胞。热稳定性也是一个问题。只要钙钛矿结构电池的稳定性问题能够得到解决,那么大规模生产是可能的。

论文重复率:钙钛矿太阳能电池

The Perovskite solar cell is structured by means of a hybrid organic compound that is also of a light active layer. The Perovskite materials are usually cheaper to produce and are made of lead halides that are of easy production. Research indicates that these elements would increase solar efficiency by more than 3.8 percent and up to 21 percent and in addition to these advantages the Perovskite is seen to be a more commercially attractive venture. Startup companies are invested in Perovskite and the solar cell modules are available in a high productive and commercial scale in the market in current times. The common of the Perovskite is that of the triiodide CH3NH3PbI3. This is a high charge carrier with a better mobility rate and because the high mobility the light generated electrons would be able to generate for more energy. The light generated electrons would be able to move for a farther distance and can hence generate more energy as heat. Research shows that diffusion lengths are higher and better with about a 100 mm in terms of electrons and hoes that gives it a better energy value production compared to that of normal PVs (Hodes, 2013).

Perovskite is seeing to be a commercially and functionally attractive venture. It is the nature and the material attributes of the Perovskite that is seen to result in some concerns. Perovskite is a mineral name after the found of Russian Geographical Society, lev Perovski. The mineral structure is made of calcium, titanium and oxygen and has form CaTiO3. In the lattice arrangement understanding of the Perovskite it can be said that Perovskite is more of a larger positively charged molecular cation that is seen to be present in the cube centre. There are cations present in the corners of the same cube and there are negatively charged anions presented as atoms in the cube faces.

Now given this background on Perovskite, and the efficiencies that it guarantees for the market, it should be considered such that it is a more commercially and energy wise efficient product for developing further solar cell technologies. However, this is not the case. In contemporary research analysis it has often been pointed out that there might be issues with Perovskite that might result in large scale technology development impediments. Mainly the issue that is being cited is that of the stability of the Perovskite cell (Snaith et al, 2014). Perovskite cell may not be stable and this could affect long term use of its thin film layers. In addition, there are also issues in the form of HTM. Stability factors are also challenged because of the intricate process of depositing vacuum for development of the thin film layer uniformity. This will also be addressed in the article.

Added to the above factors there are issues in the form of corrosion of Perovskite cells that erodes and corrodes them. Thermal stability is also an issue. As long as the issues of stability can be addressed for the Perovskite structure cells then mass production is a possibility.

essay修改:Essay outline怎么写?

essay修改:Essay outline怎么写?不少留学澳洲的小伙伴反映,在澳洲留学最大的问题就是各种论文写作了。这里要对他们说,千万不要轻言放弃。对于写作essay来说,在写之前如果有一个明确清晰的Essay outline,写作起来就会轻松很多了。那么,Essay outline怎么写?

Step1:首先要明确文章的主旨  每一篇文章都有其所要表达主旨。明确文章主旨不仅能引导你文章的写作方向,还有助于你有逻辑的组织文章。比如你在写论文,写下能够概括文章主旨的中心思想,以帮助你确定主旨。

Step2:收集一些辅助材料  这些被收集来的材料可能来自引用他人成果、数据统计、理论、实验结果等。通过收集材料,明确这些材料使用,这些东西可能会体现在essay outline中。

Step3:决定如何安排辅助论证来支撑主旨  举例:如果你在呈现一个历史概述,你可以按年代来排序;如果你在辩论文学方面内容,你可能要按主题排序。

Step4:.撰写主题提纲或者句子提纲  如果文章非常灵活多变,那么你可以用利用一些短语作为主题大纲;用句子大纲阐述细节。

一般来说你可以尝试先用主题提纲来开始你的提纲撰写,然后再逐步转变成句子提纲。

Step5:确定主要类别  根据文章的主旨和找到的辅助材料来决定把全文的大主题分散整理到不同逻辑类别。这些类别将会被标记成罗马数字来形成提纲的第一步。

当写文章时,通常会用一个大点去代表一个段落:比如,一、文章的开头段,二、主体段落的第一段,等等。例如,如果描写飞机历史发展史的概论,每一个大点就该包括各个飞机历史上的时期。

Step6:确定论点  每个分类至少想两个论点,根据你文章的主旨和你之前收集的论据材料来选择你的分论点。这些分论点就是你提纲的第二个层级。

Step7:根据需要确定中心论点的分论点  如果有必要的话,你可以在中心论点上确定分论点。这么做会最大化你文章的逻辑性。再把这些分论点放在你提纲的第三层,并用阿拉伯数字标示。

Step8:把材料放进提纲里  通过使用罗马数字的分级来整理你的分类,论点和分论点以便向读者阐明你的主旨。

以上就是Essay Outline写作步骤,如果你的Essay论文想要拿到高分,那么一个清晰的Essay Outline是不可缺少的。

essay修改:Essay outline怎么写?

在英国留学,论文是很重要的事情,因为这个小小的问题关系着你能否毕业,能否拿到学位证书。而如果英国论文没过给您带来烦恼的话,您可以向我们专业的英国论文代写机构寻求帮助,我们可以为您和您的学业带来最专业的辅导。

毕业论文格式:伟大的Gatzby

毕业论文格式:伟大的Gatzby

这句话反映了讽刺。这是因为在纽约的每一个人似乎都知道盖茨比是谁。不同行业的人对盖茨比有不同的看法。他在这个地方很有名。然而,尽管如此,他是一个没有任何历史意义或任何其他家庭意义的人,可能与他的名字加茨比。他也非常清楚,在纽约没有人真正知道他从哪里弄到钱过他的生活。他想成为尼克心目中的形象良好的人。这是因为他很清楚社会中存在的各种积极的内涵。因此,通过这条线,他确保与他有关的积极的事情应该传播到尼克的脑海中。他希望尼克完全相信他所说的一切。他不想让尼克相信世界上其他人所说的任何与他有关的事情。

Gatzby的好品质和坏品质是通过陈述来说明的

这些诗句也反映出他非常清楚地意识到自己。他想确保尼克不携带任何散布在他生活中的谣言。他还确保自己是完全坦率的。他知道说什么,什么时候说。他对自己从嘴里说出的每一个字都很在意。他保证尼克不会知道与他有关的任何谣言。为了培养同样的品质,他越来越多地讲述自己,而不是给Nick一个从别人那里收集信息的机会。他要确保尼克对他有一个好的印象,并明白他是一个适合黛西的男人。因此,他是这样一个人,他知道只有尊重一个女人,他才能赢得她。的确,如果一个人有一些好的品质,他也有一些不好的品质。他的缺点之一就是说谎。在给定的台词中,他也试图吹嘘自己,因为他是一个在社会中拥有良好形象的人。然而,这不是真的,这是他说的一个谎言。他想向尼克证明他不只是一个普通人。他说说谎是为了在尼克面前保持自己的形象。他在同一章中说的另一个谎言是,他编造了自己的过去。他说他是一些生活在中东的富人的儿子。他还补充说,他希望被视为“老钱”。他的另一个缺点是傲慢。他非常傲慢。他说“我不想让你认为我只是个无名小卒”的方式显示了他的傲慢。他没有对尼克温柔,而是试图傲慢地吹嘘自己。

毕业论文格式:伟大的Gatzby

The quote is that it reflects irony. This is because each and every person who is in the New York seems to know who actually Gatzby is. People from different walks of life have different ideas about Gatzby. He is well known in this place. However, in spite of the same, he is a kind of person who does not have any historical weight or any other family meaning which may be attached to his name Gatzby. He is also very much aware that no one in New York actually knows where he gets the money to live his life. He wants to be the person who carries a good image related to him in Nick’s mind. This is because he is well aware of different kinds of positive connotations which are there in his society. Therefore, through this line, he ensures that the positive things related to him should spread in the mind of Nick. He wants that Nick completely and truly believes in everything which is being said by him. He doesn’t want Nick to believe anything else related to himself which is said by the other people in the world.

Good and Bad Qualities of Gatzby Specified Through the Statement

These lines also reflect that he is very well aware of his own self. He wants to make sure that Nick does not carry any of the rumours which have been spread around his life. He also makes sure that he is completely upfront. He knows what to say and when to say something. He is very much conscious about each and every word which he is put forwarding from his mouth. He ensures that none of the rumours which are related to him should be known to Nick. In order to foster the same, he tells more and more about himself rather than giving a chance to Nick to gather information from the other people .Another thing which can be reflected from the saying is that he is very much careful about the women. He make sure that Nick carries a good image of him and understands that he is a man who is suited for Daisy. Therefore, he is such a person who knows that he can win a woman only through respecting her. It is true that if a person has some good qualities, he also has some of the bad qualities. One of the bad qualities about him is that he lies. In the given line as well, he tries to boasts about himself as he is a person who holds a very good image within the society. However, this is not true and it is something that he has said a lie. He wants to prove to Nick that he is not just somebody. He says lie in order to maintain his own image in front of Nick. Another lie said by him in the same chapter is that he has faked about his past. He stated that he is the son of some of the wealthy people who lives in the Middle East. He further adds that he would like to be seen as “old money”. A yet another bad quality which is possessed by him is arrogance. He is very much arrogant. The way he states that the line “I didn’t want you to think I was just some nobody” display his arrogance. Instead of being gentle to Nick, he is trying to arrogantly boast about himself.

英国毕业论文导师:中国电子零售现状

英国毕业论文导师:中国电子零售现状

本文对网上购物的研究现状、零售环节的销售点以及成功与失败进行了探讨。从理论上论证了会计理论和成本分析如何成为一种有用的工具。文献综述的目的是展示当涉及到成本结构时,电子零售和销售点零售将如何不同。此外,研究文献综述的目的是展示如何构建当前的研究讨论。

2.2中国电子零售现状

对于中国电子商务行业来说,它影响着企业和消费者。中国将在B2B和C2C购物方面领先其他国家,因为在另一个国家网上购物是一种购物方式。然而,网上购物是中国的现代生活方式。此外,移动设备在重塑消费者行为方面发挥着重要作用。移动交易满足了消费者快速便捷的购物需求(Zhiyuan, 2014)。因此,中国电子商务产业重塑了消费者的现代生活方式和行为方式(Wang & Bernell, 2013)。

根据2015年电子商务报告,电子商务市场以企业对企业的商业模式为主,占比为75.7%。此外,中小企业B2B电子商务占46.5%,阿里巴巴在电子商务平台运营商方面具有绝对优势。中国网络零售商正寻求在全球范围内整合优质资源,以促进网络购物的生态系统。此外,移动购物占网购市场份额的47.8%。艾瑞咨询公司发现,主要电子商务和传统品牌都在发展手机业务,以适应日益增长的手机交易。例如,移动商务在阿里巴巴的销售额从2010年的4亿美元增长到2015年的414亿美元。数据显示,移动设备在交易上花费的时间比在pc上花费的时间短67秒。此外,根据数据显示,手机购物最繁忙的时间是晚上10点(iResearch, 2015),满足了中国消费者对购物时间限制的需求。

基于PWC retail survey,对产品进行调研,与竞争对手进行价格对比,用手机定位店铺,扫描二维码,使用优惠券是顾客通过智能手机、平板电脑和PC进行的主要活动。

英国毕业论文导师:中国电子零售现状

Existing research studies on the topic of online shopping, point of sale retail segment and success and decline is discussed here. Accounting theory and how cost analysis would be a useful tool is argued for theoretically. The purpose of the literature review is to present how e-retail and point of sales retail would differ when it comes to the cost structuring. Also, the research literature review aims to show how current research discussion can be structured.

2.2 Current E- retailing landscape in China

For Chinese e-commerce industry, it affects both business and consumers. China will lead all other countries in B2B and C2C purchase, because shopping online in another country is a way of shopping. However, online shopping is the modern lifestyle in China. Moreover, the mobile device is playing an important role in re-shaping customer behaviour. Mobile transaction meets customers’ desires for shopping quickly and easily (Zhiyuan, 2014). Therefore, Chinese E-commerce Industry reshapes consumer’s modern lifestyle and behaviour (Wang & Bernell, 2013).

Based on 2015 E-commerce report, E-commerce market was dominated by the business model of business to business, accounting for 75.7% of total. Moreover, B2B e-commerce from small medium enterprise occupied 46.5% and Alibaba has absolute advantages in E-commerce platform operator. Chinese online retailer is seeking for integration of quality recourses in worldwide to promote an ecosystem of online shopping. Furthermore, mobile shopping contributes 47.8% of total online shopping market share. iResearch Company found that main e-commerce and traditional brand develop a business of mobile sector to adapt growing mobile transaction. for example, M-commerce in the sale of Alibaba is growing from $0.4 billion in 2010 to $41.4 billion in 2015.The data indicated that mobile spend 67 seconds on transaction faster than the purchase made on PCs. What’s more, mobile purchases meet Chinese customers’ desires on limitation on shopping time according to data show that busiest time of day in the mobile transaction is at 10 pm ((iResearch, 2015))

Based on PWC retail survey, researched the products, compared prices with the competitor, located a store with the mobile phone, scanned QR codes and used a coupon are main activities for customers via Smartphone, tablet PC and PC.

turnitin相似度多少算抄袭:众筹

turnitin相似度多少算抄袭:众筹

众筹作为一种以指定动机为目的的融资结构而引入,与文化项目或商业冒险一样。Crowd被认为是一种指定可以与许多人关联的金融来源的感知,他们中的每一个人都以有限的价值创建订阅。虽然这种模式的考虑在政治竞选或地区慈善捐赠中并不新鲜,但其主要基础是利用著名的无障碍、无国界的互联网。最新的技术系统除了较早地促进在一项有限的计划内的人的参与外,还协助在确定地理差距的因素下生存,该计划由每一个住在遥远地方的人提供资金。与众筹相关的能力已经在推动众筹平台的普遍发展中发挥作用,而众筹平台的发展依赖于网络来建立筹款人与潜在捐款者之间的联系。

众筹作为一种新兴的产业平台,对显著分享经济增长负有逐渐的责任。截至2012年,在众筹的帮助下,已经筹集到14.41亿美元用于创业融资、消费信贷或支持其他额外活动(Dissanayake et al., 2015)。

众筹是指以指定为目的的融资机制,如商业冒险或文化项目。Crowd被认为是一个概念,指的是可以归属于许多人的资金来源,每个人都以较小的价值进行订阅。尽管这种模式在当地慈善捐款或政治活动中发现的人群特征并不能被认为是一种新的模式,但众筹的根本基础在于利用大众可访问的、无国界的互联网。这种现代技术形式为克服决定地理距离的因素提供了援助,进一步促进公众参与一项由一个偏远地区的个人提供资金的具体建议。功效与集资”导致了促使全球集资”平台基于web的发展创造一个潜在贡献者和筹款活动之间的联系,包括2012年在阿根廷,Afluenta FundedByMe 2011年在瑞典,2009年Kickstarter美国Auxmoney 2007年在德国,唐宁在2006年在中国,和Zopa英国在2005年。

因此,本研究的目的是研究香港众筹的可行性。本研究将收集二手资料。

turnitin相似度多少算抄袭:众筹

Crowd funding is introduced as a structure of financing for the motive of designation, same as a cultural project or a business adventure. Crowd is being recognized as the perception to specify the finance source that can be associated to many people, every one of them creating subscription in limited values. Although the consideration of this mode cannot be new with respect to the crowd’s feature to be found in politics campaigns or regional donations of charity, the major base of crowd funding lays upon take advantage of famous accessible and internet of borderless territorially. The latest system of technology gives assistance for surviving the element determining geographical gap, in addition to earlier promoting participation of people within a limited scheme of funding from every single person covering a distant location. The capability related to funding of crowd has occurred in prompting universal developments of platforms of crowd funding depend on network for building a connection between fundraisers and potential contributors.

As a new industrial platform, crowdfunding holds a gradual accountability for sharing the growth of economy significantly. Until the year 2012, with the help of crowdfunding, 1.441 billion dollars have been raised for financing start-ups, functioning as credit of consumer or supporting other additional activities (Dissanayake et al., 2015).

Crowdfunding is referred to as a mechanism of financing for the purpose of designation, like a business adventure or a cultural project. Crowd is considered as the concept indicating the source of finance that can be attributed to a number of people, each making subscription in small values. Even though this mode cannot be considered new with respect to the feature of crowd to be found in local donations of charity or campaigns of politics, the fundamental base of crowdfunding lays upon utilizing popularly accessible and territorially borderless internet. This modern form of technology provides assistance for overcoming the factor determining geographical distance, further ahead facilitating participation of public within a specific proposal of funding from an individual covering a remote location. The efficacy related to crowdfunding has resulted in prompting global developments of crowdfunding platforms based on web for creating a connection between potential contributors and fundraisers that include Afluenta in 2012 in Argentina, FundedByMe in 2011 in Sweden, Kickstarter in 2009 in USA, Auxmoney in 2007 in Germany, Creditease in 2006 in China, and Zopa in 2005 in UK.

Hence, the aim of this research is to research the feasibility of crowdfunding in Hong Kong. For the purpose of this research, there will be collection of secondary data.

turnitin相似度多少算抄襲:移民問題

turnitin相似度多少算抄襲:移民問題

第二代移民面臨的問題

歷史證明,世界各地的移民都面臨着各種各樣的壓力和問題。歸屬和民族主義問題一直是世界人類學家研究的問題。對協會政治的研究,主要是關於移民的經歷和公民身份的新形式。在意大利,有關移民的問題也已成爲一個主要問題。近年來,來自利比亞、敘利亞、蒙古等許多國家的移民進入意大利,這一事實可以理解意大利移民的規模之大。據報道,意大利的移民人數排名第五,約爲277.6萬人。根據2014年的數據,意大利本土出生的移民佔移民總數的比例不到10%。2014年的數據還顯示,意大利有129.9萬移民獲得意大利國籍,居世界第二。與世界其他地區相比,自2013年以來,授予公民身份的人數增長最快的是意大利,共有29200名公民(歐盟統計局)。

意大利公民問題的首要關切包括第二代移民。這類人必須通過各種官僚程序才能獲得意大利國籍。這些規定非常嚴格,比如,在意大利連續居住18年,必須在年滿18年後的一年內提交意願聲明,以及在出生時登記註冊等。儘管這些規定是爲了簡化發放公民身份的程序,並打擊僞造案件,但這些年輕一代所面臨的苦難讓他們在自己的公民和朋友中間感到奇怪。他們對居住船的最後期限感到不安,甚至可能被拒絕。這第二代人沒有集中精力和計劃他們的職業和未來,他們必須更關心必須履行的手續,以便使他們能夠留在這個國家。對不續簽居留許可的恐懼和返回原籍國的義務是這一代人的另一種恐懼。由於他們一直生活在外國,他們在精神上不屬於他們祖先的國家。此外,由於沒有公民身份,他們甚至不合法地屬於居住國。這些不確定性帶來了許多挫折,歧視感和對自己的生活和未來的懷疑(“18 Ius Soli Screener”)。

除了這些問題之外,越來越多甚至涉及暴力的種族主義案件也已成爲意大利關注的一個令人震驚的問題。最近發生了幾起當地年輕人攻擊“外國人”的案件,他們看不起這些“外國人”,不承認他們是他們社區的一部分。諸如侮辱和反對塞西爾·基延格(Cecile Kyenge)這樣的案件,即意大利-剛果一體化部長,必須嚴格處理,並在一定時間內處理,否則就會引起歧視的趨勢(Smythe)。缺乏體育等機會也降低了第二代移民(Pagotto)的士氣。直到那時,這些移民還沒有獲得公民身份,他們被剝奪了意大利人民的所有政治和公民權利。此外,政府確保利用這些移民從事低薪、高風險或沒有吸引意大利土著人民的工作。

turnitin相似度多少算抄襲:移民問題

Issues Faced by the Second Generation Immigrants

It is historically proven that all around the world various strains and issues occur over immigrations. The issues of belonging and nationalism have been matter of examination for the world anthropologists. The study of the politics of the association, predominantly with regards to the experiences of immigrants and the novel forms of citizenships. In Italy, the issues concerning immigrants have also become a major concern. The magnitude can be understood by the fact that in recent years Italy has been entered by migrants from numerous countries, like Libya, Syria, Mongolia, etc. Reportedly, Italy has the fifth largest number of immigrants counted to around 277.6 thousand. As per 2014 data, the comparative part of native-born immigrants within the total number of immigrants is less than 10 % of all immigrations in Italy. The data of 2014 also reveals that Italy have given citizenship to 129.9 thousand immigrants, which is the second highest figure in the world. As compared to the rest of the world, the highest increase in giving the citizenships since 2013, is shown by Italy with total number of increase of 29,200 citizenships (Eurostat).

The prime concern of the citizenship issue of Italy incorporates the second generation immigrants. The people in this category have to go through various bureaucratic procedures to obtain the citizenship of Italy. The rules are strict like, continuous residency in Italy for 18 years, necessity to give declaration of willingness within a year after reaching 18 years and the requirement of enlisting in the local registry at time of birth, etc. Though the provisions are made to streamline the procedure of issuing citizenships and discouraging fake cases, the ordeal faced by these young generations make them feel odd among their own fellow citizens and friends. They feel precarious about the deadlines of their resident-ship which could even be declined. This second generation instead of focusing and planning about their career and future, have to be more concerned about the formalities that must be fulfilled in order to enable them to stay in the country. The fear of non-renewal of the residence permit and obligation to go back to the country of origin is another matter of fear for this generation. Since they have been living all their lives in a foreign country, they do not mentally belong to the country of their ancestors. Moreover, because of no citizenship, they not even legally belong to their country of residence. These uncertainties bring lots of frustration, sense of discrimination and doubts about their own lives and future (“18 Ius Soli Screener”).

Along with these issues, the increasing cases of racism which even involves violence has also become an alarming matter of concern for Italy. The recent past has seen several cases of local youths attacking the “foreigners” whom they look down upon and do not recognise them as a part of their community. The cases like insults and opposition of Cécile Kyenge, the Italo-Congolese Minister of Integration must be dealt with strictness and in a time-bound way or else they would start the trend of discrimination (Smythe). Lack of opportunities like in case of sports etc. also lowers the morale of the second generation immigrants (Pagotto). Till the time, these immigrants do not attain the citizenship and they are denied all the political and civil rights of the Italian people. Moreover, the government ensures to make use of these immigrants for the employment which is either low paid, risky, or is not attracting the indigenous Italian people.

英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

联合国粮农组织表示,生物技术的应用具有非常重要的好处,因为它提高了作物的抗逆性和抗旱性。这使农民能够应付困难时期,特别是干旱地区的灾难。农业生物技术使作物内的维生素和矿物质激增。因此,可持续性增加,并激励小农获得巨大的收益。这也将确保他们获得可持续的收入。特别是组织培养技术,在非卡文迪什香蕉栽培中创造了革命。该技术在全国范围内具有生产组织培养植物的巨大能力,使通常的产量翻了一番。农民最终受益于产量翻倍,利润增加和非卡文迪什香蕉作物可以承受所有的收获季节。

组织培养技术也使农民能够保持他们的作物无虫害。因此,总体气候对农民仍然非常有利。为了满足粮食安全,非洲的主要育种方案已经在进行中。该育种策略最初是由农家乐研究基金会(FHIA)引进的,重点是提高二倍体产量。这种二倍体具有较强的抗性,并具有与其他母本交配生产非卡文迪什香蕉的能力。生育能力强,约束条件有限。

然而,另一种生物技术是微繁殖。这种技术对于背景有限的农民很方便。这项技术涉及劳动密集型技术,以便大规模地开始工厂生产。这就加强了繁殖和收获的过程。植物繁殖的速度更快(Bunders, 2008)。比尔和梅林达•盖茨基金会(Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation)最近专门为非洲小规模农民开展的项目,从种子生产、测试、实地检查、认证、种植、收获、维护和后期生产方法等方面,更大程度地运用了生物技术。现在,这项技术将使非洲在粮食方面保持安全。它还可以填补该地区农民及其家庭的饥饿。

世界银行(WB)和国际货币基金组织(IMF)已经向非洲农民提供了支持,他们的家庭增长主要依赖于农作物的产量。现在,这种支持存在于生物技术领域。传统育种和生物技术的结合,帮助种植和管理新的和改进的香蕉,这是基因抗性和可靠的目标消费者。香蕉在非洲非常昂贵。尤其是,在非洲,煮香蕉已经很稀缺,这就要求立即需要先进的技术,既能扩大生产,又能满足农民的需求。

英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

The application of biotechnology, according to UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, has a very important benefit as it increases the resilience and drought resistance to the crops. This enables the farmers to cope with hard times especially calamities in dry areas.Agricultural biotechnology proliferates the vitamins and minerals within the crops. As a result, the sustainability increases and motivates the small farmers to get benefited with huge yields. This will also secure sustainable incomes to them. In particular, tissue culture is one such technique that has created revolution in non – Cavendish banana cultivation. With a large capacity to produce tissue cultured plants throughout the country, the technique doubles the usual productivity. The farmer eventually gets benefited as the yields double, profitability increases and non – Cavendish banana crops can withstand at all harvest seasons.

Tissue culture technology also enables the farmers to maintain their crops pest free. As a result, the overall climate remains highly favourable to the farmers. Major breeding programmes are already in progress in Africa to meet food security. The breeding strategy was initially introduced by Foundation Hondurena de Investigation Agricola (FHIA) where improved diploid production was the focus. Such diploid has strong resistance and has the ability to mate with other female parent to produce non – Cavendish bananas. The fertility is strong and the constraints are limited.

Yet, another biotechnology technique is micro propagation. This technique is handy to farmers with constrained backgrounds. This technique involves labour intensive technology in order to initiate plant production in a large scale basis.This fastens the breeding and harvesting processes. The plant multiplications happen at a faster pace (Bunders, 2008). The recent project by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation exclusively for small scale farmers in Africa deploys biotechnology to a larger extent from the seed production, testing, field inspection, certification, plantation, harvesting, and maintenance and post production methods. Now, this technology is going to let Africa remain secured in terms of food. It can also fill the hunger of farmers as well as their families in the region.

World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) have extended their support to farmers in Africa who largely rely on crop productivity for their family growth. Now, the support exists in terms of biotechnology. Classical breeding along with incorporation of biotechnology has helped grow and manage new and improved banana that is genetically resistant and reliable to the targeted consumers. Bananas have been extremely expensive in Africa. Especially, the cooking bananas have gone in scarce in Africa and it calls for an immediate need of advanced techniques that can proliferate production and also fill the needs of farmers.

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导 对于在国外留学的留学生来说,essay是他们再熟悉不过的,essay是老师布置的一项作业,完成质量的好坏直接影响其学科成绩。下面就来指导各位同学们如何写作小论文essay。

一、什么是小论文essay?

可以翻译成“小论文”。对于美国本科和MBA申请来说,Essay是非常重要的申请材料,其比重有时候会超过50%。很多学校都会要求学生提交3-5篇不等,其中1-2篇是主Essay。

二、小论文essay的用途

Essay是国外大学录取委员会审核申请材料时花费时间最多,精力最多,重视最多的部分,也很可能就是影响申请结果的依据。

三、如何写小论文essay?

Essay写作总原则就是要围绕着自己的特点来对过去的成就、经历、挫折、技能、思想等进行总结以及对未来的规划,在写作过程中切记不要照搬照抄别人的文章,要具备鲜明的个人特色。

四、小论文essay注意事项

1、Essay长度:通常情况下,学校会规定ESSAY的长度在300-500字,有的甚至不要超过150字。

2、Essay要点:一篇好的essay,是真情实感的流露,是经过思考,经过自省,经过推敲的产物。选择的素材和内容不见得需要多么轰轰烈烈,多么刻骨铭心,于小处见感悟,用一滴水去折射太阳的光彩,让文章在情理之中却又在意料之外。

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:essay写作指导

如果您在毕业论文的创作过程中遇到这样或那样的问题,您可以随时联系我们专业的英国论文代写老师,具有深厚学术背景的他们可以为您的论文代写提供专业的指导意见和帮助。

英国论文reference格式:血栓的临床表现和治疗

英国论文reference格式:血栓的临床表现和治疗

临床表现

深静脉血栓形成的症状和体征因人而异。当血凝块进入肺部时,它会引起肺栓塞。这是一种威胁生命的状况。

呼吸短促、胸痛加重、头晕、脉搏加快和咳血需要立即急救(Schwarz et al., 2003)。

一条或两条腿肿胀和疼痛。肿胀的程度和位置被记录下来。膝盖以下肿胀称为远端深静脉血栓形成,或到达腹股沟称为近端深静脉血栓形成(Anderson & Spencer, 2003)。

小腿肌肉的压痛或抽筋是这种疾病的征兆。

四肢发炎或发红。

皮肤温度升高(Anderson & Spencer, 2003)。

在严重梗阻的病例中也可观察到紫绀。发绀是皮肤发蓝,是血液循环不良或氧合不足的标志。

有些病人在旅行时也建议服用阿司匹林,以防止血栓的形成。

这些是这种疾病的一些临床表现。

英国论文reference格式:血栓的临床表现和治疗

治疗

这种情况的治疗方法如下。

超声波、血液检查、静脉造影、核磁共振扫描都被用来检测这种疾病。在这些DVT病例中,使用血液稀释剂或抗凝剂。这是防止血栓形成的方法。依诺肝素、达尔特帕林、方达肝素、华法林或利伐沙班均为处方药(Anderson & Spencer, 2003)。

组织纤溶酶原激活剂(TPA)是规定的情况下,高度进展的条件。这主要是在急诊护理中。

过滤器的规定,以防止血栓形成时,血液稀释剂不能使用(安德森和斯宾塞,2003年)。

压缩长筒袜是用来防止血栓形成的。这可以穿在长时间的旅行,以防止血栓的形成

英国论文reference格式:血栓的临床表现和治疗

Signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis can vary based on individuals. When the blood clot travels to the lungs, it causes pulmonary embolism. This is a life threatening conditions.

Shortness of breath, worsening chest pain, light-headedness, high pulse rate, and coughing blood require immediate emergency care (Schwarz et al., 2003).

Swelling and pain in one or both the legs. The degrees of swelling and the location of the swelling are documented. Swelling below the knees is known as distal deep vein thrombosis or it reaches the groin known as proximal deep vein thrombosis (Anderson & Spencer, 2003).

Tenderness or cramping of the calf muscles is an indication of the disease.

Inflammation or redness in the extremity.

Increase in the skin temperature (Anderson & Spencer, 2003).

Cyanosis is also observed in cases of severe obstruction. Cyanosis is the bluish discoloration of the skin that is an indicator of poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of blood.

Aspirin is also suggested to some patients during travel to prevent the formation of clots.

These are some of the clinical manifestations of the disease.

英国论文reference格式:血栓的临床表现和治疗

Treatment

Treatment for this condition is the following.

Ultrasounds, blood test, venography, MRI scan are used to detect the disease. In these cases of DVT, blood thinner or anticoagulants are used. This is the method of preventing the formation of clots. Enoxaparain, dalteparein, fondaparinux, warfarin or rivaroxaban is prescribed (Anderson & Spencer, 2003).

Tissue plasminogen activators (TPA) are prescribed in cases of highly progressed conditions. This is given mostly in emergency care.

Filters are prescribed to prevent clot formation when blood thinners cannot be uses (Anderson & Spencer, 2003).

Compression stockings are given to prevent the formation of clots. This can be worn during long periods of travel to prevent the formation of clots.