In certain situations, doctors figure out about the informed consent which is required to be taken. Situation one: when there is emergency and doctors do not have much time to describe the whole situation and the risks, then doctor can partially inform the patient about the operation so that irreversible or serious harm could be prevented (Hammond, 2016). In another situation, where the patient is incompetent to give the permission and there is huge requirement of trial or treatment proceedings, then the doctor can start the treatment. As an incompetent patient may not be able to think about the medical procedures or may not understand the importance of the treatment for him or her, then doctor can figure out to take the informed consent.
Informed consent is required to start a treatment process. Therefore, the doctors must ensure about obtaining the informed consent from the patient ( Maclean, 2009). A doctor is required to get a written consent form signed by the patient to start the trail or the treatment. In the written consent form, following points must include:
Brief or detailed explanation about treatment procedure.
Name as well as the qualification of doctors or nurse who will perform the treatment procedure.
Risks, serious harms, discomfort, pain, which can occur while the procedure is going on, must be disperse to the patient.
Explanation of alternate treatment procedures with risks associated with those procedures.
Advice of the client should be asked, in case, for the reason of refusal being made by the patient.
In the consent form, the signature of the client must be taken in which the statement which starts with, “I accept” or “I agree” the treatment procedure. This can make ensure to the doctor that informed consent is obtained from the patient. In case, patient is not competent to agree or to give the consent, then doctors may take the consent from the legal guardians or the significant other.