Kaumatua is actually taught by means of korero since the past (University of Otago, 2010). Various events are organized to understand the specialty of people identified as per kaumatua. The specialists still continue to spread their knowledge and experience to the present generation through the public events and heritage conservation centers. Traditional tikanga involved in dyeing practices and they do forbid weavers from having sex in the night time. In other words, weaving is usually carried out by spinster or widow. The problem found by many kaumatua is the lack of knowledge in present generation about weaving. As they share knowledge, there is a probability that it might disintegrate from Maori beliefs.
As people have better engagement and understanding with Maori culture, they add value and quality to life. It is identified by researchers of Auckland University that people adopting tikanga in lives tend to experience better degree of happiness. The elderly Maori who were the samples in the research denoted thorough understanding of tikanga. They found that their physical and mental lives have improved and they have been leading quality lives and are confident to spread this practice to the upcoming generations (Waateanews, 2015). In addition to leading life, tikanga also demands whanau, iwi and hapu to adopt the principles and imbibe in their general tenets.
Tikanga is regarded as a source of strength and support. Till date, there are 2 aspects of Tikanga that anyone from Maori culture will have to follow. These include Manaakitanga and Kaitiakitanga. Manaakitanga demonstrates kindness and hospitality and the New Zealanders follow this practice till date. The tourism department of New Zealand has recognized manaakitanga as a necessary principle in welcoming people and explaining about the cultures.
On the other hand, kaitiakitanga is a practice where people display respect and guardianship for the natural environment (Waateanews, 2015). Every Maori should necessarily follow this practice. New Zealanders in the present have found that this practice have helped them to understand spiritual restrictions and life force that influence their aspirations. Kaitiakitanga connects a person to the natural environment till date. Several museums and cultural organizations existing in New Zealand highlight Maori culture and their age old practices that are followed by the people.
For a public speaking or performing an art form or carrying out the rituals, the generations are oriented towards Maori culture and tikanga that are valuable and promote responsibility (Maori, 2015). New Zealand still displays Maori culture and adopts tikanga in its practices. The future of tikanga in New Zealand is likely to influence areas like profession, art forms and rituals.