米歇尔·福柯的哲学思想深受影响，他阐述了知识与权力之间错综复杂的关系。他说建立了描述和权力之间牢固关系的想法。权力被认为有物化的权利(Haldrup et al.， 2006)。因此，想象的地理位置被认为主要是根据传说和神话，以及对其他怪物的描述。欧洲可以被认为是清晰而有力的，而亚洲似乎是遥远而失败的。反恐战争提供了在理论中不断揭示的类似地理想象的背景。在这一点上，有人声称，伊斯兰世界的描述是不文明的，被贴上了失败和倒退的标签。从想象的角度来看，这似乎是在为伊拉克和阿富汗的军事干预辩护(Frank, 2009)。他说，在中世纪的欧洲，伊斯兰教的出现似乎是防御性的和保守的。然而，有人认为，地缘政治知识的形成是出于对地理的想象。
Said was highly affected by the philosophies of Michel Foucault, stating the intertwined relationship between knowledge and power. Said established the idea about a strong relationship between descriptions and power. Power is considered to have the right of objectifying the ones being imagined (Haldrup et al., 2006). Hence, imagined geographies are considered as mostly set in accordance with legend and myth, with the depiction of monstrous others. Europe can be identified as articulate and powerful, while Asia appears to be distant and defeated. The war on terror provides the context of similar geographical imagination continuously uncovered in the theory of Said. It has been claimed under this that the portrayal of Islamic world is uncivilized, and labelled as failing and backward. From the perspective of imagination, this tends to be justifying the military intervention considered in Iraq and Afghanistan (Frank, 2009). Said stated that on the appearance of Islam in Europe during the middle age period, the response appeared to be defensive and conservative. However, it is argued that there is formation of geopolitical knowledge out of imagined geography.