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英国essay代写:合同

英国essay代写:合同

汤姆向罗恩作了陈述,说服罗恩照他说的去做,而且口头上也作了保证。因此,我们有初步的理由理解口头保证也是合同中的一个术语,即使它只是口头保证,而不是罗恩和汤姆达成的实际协议的一部分。所以在这种情况下,斯坦有权回购房产因为他与汤姆的直接回购协议以及汤姆与罗恩的口头协议。

结论

因此,在给定的情况下,可以得出这样的结论,即斯坦将能够要求收回他的财产。汤姆必须遵守他与汤姆的协议。同样,Tom与Ron有口头协议,Ron明确表示他将履行Tom对Stan的法律义务,所以Ron必须履行这一条款,即使协议中没有明确规定。

英国essay代写:合同

A representation was made by Tom to Ron, and it was made in such a way that Ron was induced to act upon it, and also made a verbal assurance on the same. There is hence prima facie ground for understanding that the verbal assurance was also a term in the contract, even if it was only a verbal assurance and not part of the actual agreement Ron and Tom entered into. So in this context Stan will be entitled to repurchase the property because of his direct agreement on repurchase with Tom and Tom’s verbal agreement with Ron.

Conclusion

In the given situation, it is hence concluded that Stan will be able to claim his property back. His agreement with Tom has to be honoured by Tom. Similarly, Tom has a verbal agreement with Ron, with a clear intention stated by Ron that he will fulfil Tom’s legal obligations to Stan, so Ron is bound to fulfil this term even if it was not expressly stated in the agreement.

assignment代寫:研究論文中使用的模型

assignment代寫:研究論文中使用的模型

在下一篇論文中,研究者使用了包模型。這個模型解釋了不可再生資源的供給和不可再生資源的價格。隨着時間的推移,這些不可再生資源的供應減少,需求增加。價格上漲是由於不可再生資源的庫存有限,從而在經濟中產生替代效應。本文還採用了多種沉積模型。本文題目爲“不可再生資源稀缺”(Krautkraemer, 1998)。

應用霍特林模型對世界油氣資源進行了評價。本研究在借鑑hotelling模型已有研究成果的基礎上,設計了動態理論模型(Rogner, 1997)。

每篇論文的假設

凱恩斯(1990)評論說,主要的重點和假設是關於不可再生資源生產的可持續性。假設並不特別存在,但本文的主要目的是利用霍特林模型考察亞洲經濟體對不可再生資源的消費。本文的研究問題圍繞着開發新的框架展開討論。本文提出的4個主要研究問題是:

亞洲各經濟體的不可再生資源供應將會平衡嗎?如果沒有,什麼是取代?

什麼樣的能源技術將被用來取代對能源的需求?

亞洲經濟體未來的能源消費能否滿足環境可持續性的需求?

亞洲經濟體的能源結構能否負擔得起?

Krautkraemer(1998)評論說,研究人員正在解決的主要問題是:

不可再生資源的供需如何影響能源消費?

當供給變得有限而需求增加時,這些資源的價格如何隨着時間的推移而增長?

這些資源的替代和補償在不同的經濟體中發揮了什麼作用?

羅格納(1997)認爲:研究人員提出的問題如下:

全球不可再生資源供應減少的影響是什麼?以及它與技術生產的能源之間的聯繫?

這些技術過程如何影響環境的可持續性並與價格掛鉤?

未來檢驗能源組合貢獻的理論模型是什麼?

價格如何隨着不可再生資源供求關係的增減而波動?

assignment代寫:研究論文中使用的模型

In the next paper Parcimonious model has been used by the researcher. This model explains the supply of non renewable resources and prices of non renewable resources. With the passage of time supply of these non renewable resources decreases and demand increases. Price increases because of limited stock of non renewable resources allowing a substitution effect in the economy. Multiple deposit models have also been used in this paper. Title of this paper is “Non-renewable resource scarcity” (Krautkraemer, 1998).

Hotelling model has been used in the paper “An assessment of world hydrocarbon resources”. Dynamic theoretical model has been designed in this research by using the previous researches using the hotelling model (Rogner, 1997).

Hypothesis of each paper

Cairns (1990) commented that the main focus and hypothesis were designed over the sustainability of non renewable resource production. Hypothesis is not present in particular but main aim of the paper was to look at the consumption of non renewable resources in Asian economies by using the Hotelling model. Research questions of the paper revolved around the development of new framework for discussion. 4 key research questions asked in the paper are:

Supply of non renewable resources in the Asian economies will be balanced? If not what will be substitutions?

What kind of energy technologies will be used for replacing the need for energy?

Energy consumptions in Asian economies in future will fulfill needs of environment sustainability?

Will the energy mix in Asian economies become affordable?

Krautkraemer (1998) commented that the main questions being addressed by the researchers were:

How supply and demand of non renewable resources impact on the energy consumption?

How price of these resources increase with the passage of time when supply becomes limited and demand increases?

What role of substitution and compensation of these resources plays in different economies?

Rogner (1997) commented that: questions addressed by the researchers are as follows:

What is the impact of decreasing supply of non renewable resources all over the world? And its links with technologically produced energy?

How these technological processes impact on the sustainability of the environment and link with the prices?

What is the theoretical model for testing the contributions of energy mix in future?

How prices fluctuate with the increase or decrease of supply and demand of the non renewable resources?

学术论文代写:哈利法克斯的公共艺术

学术论文代写:哈利法克斯的公共艺术

哈利法克斯的公共艺术和设计项目包括各种当代艺术品和雕塑,目前在新斯科舍省。本文基于两种不同的艺术作品如何通过视觉元素传达不同的信息这一论点。哈利法克斯两幅公共艺术作品的比较是这里的主要关注点。

这幅作品的拱形形式向观众致意,并吸引他们站在下面几分钟,一瞥艺术家的颜色、图案、设计、纹理和精致的工艺。观众还可以探索这幅杰作的另一种坐着的艺术形式,同时坐在上面的座位被称为“花边状的长椅”。

比较

这两件作品在视觉元素的基础上都有着巨大的差异,因为作品的方方面面、设计、效果、图案、色彩和肌理都传达着两种不同的场景设置和思维框架。这幅由Chris Hanson和Hendrika Sossenberg创作的作品,被称为《事物的现状》,是关于醉酒后的一种特殊情况。普通人可以直接将场景与他们的生活联系起来,并以一种诙谐有趣的方式表现出来。而桑德勒的第二件花边雕塑则体现了艺术形式的辉煌与灵巧。

结论

不同风格的鞋子和冰鞋花边形式与不同的色彩相结合,结合在一起的整个雕塑体现了其中的自由感和自由意志。第二种艺术“花边”绝对是声音工程的一个缩影,它的形状和结构,以及结构模型的休息点。两种不同的心态从这两种不同的情境中得到反映。

学术论文代写:哈利法克斯的公共艺术

The Halifax’s public art and design programme consists of various contemporary artworks and sculptures within it, which is present in Nova Scotia. This paper is based on the argument of how two different artworks convey various messages through their visual elements. The comparison of two paintings from the Halifax public art is the main concern here.

The arching forms of this artwork greet the viewers and attract them towards it to stand under for several minutes to glimpse the colours, patterns, designs, textures and delicate workmanship of the artist. The viewers also explore the other sitting form of artwork of this masterpiece while having a seat on it called “The lace-like benches”.

Comparisons

Both the artworks have huge difference on the grounds of visual elements as numerous facets, designs, effects, patterns, colours and textures convey two different settings of scenarios and frames of mind. The artwork by Chris Hanson and Hendrika Sossenberg, known as The Way Things Are is about a particular situation after intoxication effect. Common people can directly relate the scenario with their lives which has been represented in a witty and amusing way. However, the second sculpture Lace Up by Sandler reflects dexterity and delicacy along with brilliant art form.

Conclusion

The different style of shoes and skate lace forms have been combined with diverse colours and together the entire sculpture illustrating the sense of freedom and free will among them. The second art “Lace Up” absolutely illustrates an epitome of sound engineering with the shape and structure along with the resting points of the structural model. Two different senses of mindsets get reflected from the two different situations derived by these settings.

英国代写:奢侈品在中国市场

英国代写:奢侈品在中国市场

与你的研究兴趣最相关的营销管理领域是什么?为什么?

本研究最具体的营销管理领域是品牌管理和客户感知,以理解消费背后的驱动力(Corneo et al., 2007)。这是因为研究的兴趣在于理解为什么中国人喜欢购买奢侈品,以及为什么国际品牌能够盈利,而国内品牌却无法盈利。

你想知道什么?

本研究的目的在于:

研究影响顾客行为的人口因素

研究影响顾客行为的动机

研究影响顾客行为的文化因素

研究品牌资产对顾客行为的影响

你想研究谁,为什么?

在中国,大多数人都试图节省他们在食物和酒店上的开支,而不是把大部分资金花在奢侈品上。作为一群旅行者,他们更喜欢住在预算较低的酒店,不想在购买食物上花更多的钱。在中国大陆,一些来自专业领域的年轻女性把钱花在吃基本食物和乘坐电车和公交车上。通过这种方式省钱,他们可以在2到3个月内买到路易威登或香奈儿的手袋(Coulter et al., 2012)。事实上,奢侈品的价格比中国人的工资还高。因此,我们将研究中国人对奢侈品的行为,因为了解为什么这些人会花这么多钱购买奢侈品是很有趣的。此外,研究需要了解中国奢侈品消费者对这些商品的动机以及他们对品牌的态度。

你的临时报价是多少?

本研究建议的暂定PRQ是研究和探索中国奢侈品市场的发展和中国消费者对奢侈品的行为,以确定购买动机因素。

英国代写:奢侈品在中国市场

What is the area of marketing management that is most relevant to your research interest and why is this?

The area of marketing management which is most specific for this research is the brand management and customer perception to understand the drive behind consumption (Corneo et al., 2007). This is because the research interest lies in understanding why Chinese people like purchasing luxury products and why international brands have managed to gain profits but the domestic brands are out of picture.

What do you want to find out?

The objective of this research lies in the following:

Studying demographic factors that influence the behaviour of customers

Studying the motivation influencing the behaviour of customers

Studying cultural factor influencing the behaviour of customers

Studying brand equity influence on the behaviour of customers

Who do you want to research and why them?

Majority of people in Chinese population try to save their expenditure on food and hotels rather splash out a large portion of capital on luxury goods. As a group of travellers, they have a preference for staying in budgeted hotels and do not want to spend more in buying food. In Chinese mainland, some young women from professional fields spend their money in eating basic food and travelling by trams and buses. Saving in this way makes them purchase a handbag of either Louis Vuitton or Chanel within 2 or 3 months (Coulter et al., 2012). The luxury goods price, as a matter of fact, is more than the salary of people in China. Therefore, the behaviour of Chinese individuals towards luxury goods will be studied, as it is interesting to know why these people spend so much on purchasing goods for luxury. Further, research needs to understand how Chinese luxury consumers are motivated towards these goods and their attitude towards the brands.

What is your provisional PRQ?

Provisional PRQ for this research proposal is to research and explore the development of Chinese luxury market and the behaviour of Chinese customers towards luxury products to identify the motivational factors of purchase.

論文代筆:《哈利波特與魔法石》

論文代筆:《哈利波特與魔法石》

故事的背景設在一個不存在的地方。霍格沃茨魔法學校是故事的主要地點,霍格莫德村和對角巷等不同的地方在書和電影中都有提及,而現實生活中並不存在(McCabe)。

奇幻小說中的人物可以創造魔法,並做出富有想象力的策略來克服問題或提供解決方案。在給定的哈利波特系列中,小男孩發現自己是一個年輕的巫師,在這個系列中長大,最終爲父母的死復仇,並通過殺死伏地魔拯救了魔法世界。他必須這樣做,摧毀他靈魂中隱藏在不同物體中的七個部分。因此,解決辦法是神奇的,顯然使哈利波特的書和電影成爲幻想類型的一部分(曼曼,羅賓斯和羅琳)。

這一系列小說的這一部分被改編成同名長篇電影。這部電影是2001年上映的第一部。評論家和書迷們認爲,這部電影是對這本書最貼切的描述。雖然距離很近,但書和電影之間總有一些可以注意到的差異。雖然這部電影的演員陣容選擇的很出色,電影的方向也是如此的讓讀者能夠真正的體會到書的鮮活,但是在電影中也注意到了一定的差異。它們將在下面得到進一步討論。

電影中有一個場景是一條緬甸巨蟒,而書中有一條蟒蛇。

書中主角的親屬都是金髮碧眼,但電影中沒有。

分院帽是一頂富有想象力的帽子,它能把書中的學生分類,並能唱三首歌。這些歌曲在電影中沒有出現。

皮皮鬼是書中沒有出現在電影中的一個角色(丹尼爾斯和史密斯)。

像上面提到的這些小改動都是在電影製作過程中做的,但是沒有一個改動大到足以完全顛覆《哈利波特與魔法石》的主要方面。

論文代筆:《哈利波特與魔法石》

The background of the story is set in a place that does not exist. Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is the main location of the story and various places like Hogsmeade and Diagon Alley have been referred to in the books and movies, which do not exist in real life (McCabe).

The characters in a fantasy book can create magic and make fanciful and imaginative strategies to overcome the problems or provide with solutions. In the given series of Harry Potter, the young boy discovers that he is a young wizard and grows up through the series only to avenge his parent’s death and save the magical world by killing Lord Voldemort. He has to do this by destroying the seven parts of his soul which has been hidden in various objects. Thus the solutions are magical and clearly make Harry Potter’s books and movies a part of the fantasy genre (Mammen, Robbins and Rowling).

This installment of these series of novels was adapted into a feature-length film under the same name as the book. This movie is the first one to be released in 2001. According to the critics and book lovers, it is one movie whose movie is the closest description of the book. Despite of being very close, there are always certain differences which can be noticed between the book and the movie. Though the cast of the movie has been chosen brilliant and the direction of the movie is such that the readers would actually experience the book coming alive, but there are certain differences which have been noticed in the movie. They will get further discussed below.

One of the scenes shows a Burmese Python in the movie, whereas the book had a Boa Constrictor.

The relatives of the main character are blonde in the book but not in the movie.

The Sorting Hat is an imaginative hat that sorts the students in the book and sings three songs. These songs are not present in the movie.

Peeves, the Poltergeist, is a character in the book which is not present in the movie (Daniels and Smith).

Minor changes like the ones mentioned above have been made while making the movie, but none of the changes are big enough to completely defy the main aspect of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.

英国研究生毕业论文没过:现金利率

英国研究生毕业论文没过:现金利率

现金利率是澳大利亚银行结算银行间交易的利率。现金利率也可以定义为银行之间隔夜拆借的利率。因此,现金利率是澳大利亚储备银行官员考虑的重要方面之一。在本报告中讨论了市场上普遍存在的现金利率水平是否适当。澳大利亚经济形势稳定,通货膨胀率处于较低水平。现金利率影响银行和金融机构对其贷款收取的利率。在对各种事实进行分析后,建议在现有的基础上提高现金率。本报告的三个主要讨论点是现金利率影响利率,较高的储蓄和较低或中等水平的通货膨胀率与物价稳定。这些讨论点支持提高现金利率的决定。

介绍

澳大利亚经济多年来一直保持稳定。有各种各样的规章制度,有各种各样的工具来调整经济或通货膨胀率。在这份报告中,已经讨论了与现金率有关的问题。对现金利率的各个方面进行了界定,它将影响市场的整体利率。本报告讨论了有关提高或降低现钞率或维持现钞率的问题。本报告已讨论更改或维持现金利率的原因作为讨论要点。通货膨胀率的变化,更高的储蓄率和价格是本报告讨论的重点。

英国研究生毕业论文没过:现金利率

现金利率的决定

货币政策是每个公民都想了解的最理想的事情,因为它影响着每一个人。在货币政策下,衡量经济的总体状况,并采取措施加强经济状况。在制定货币政策时要考虑的因素很多,比如利率、目标通胀率、资金的流入和流出等等。然而,与现金利率相关的决定(增加、减少或维持)会影响国家和经济。

现金利率的基本主题

现金利率是银行对其向其他银行提供的隔夜贷款收取的利率。官方现金利率是澳大利亚储备银行仅对银行隔夜贷款收取的利率。现金利率影响金融市场的资金流动,并间接影响国家的经济。现金利率在银行间的隔夜结算中起着重要的作用。央行有权通过出售或购买债券或其他证券来结算此类交易或隔夜贷款(Sinclair and De Silva, 2013)。因此,这将影响市场利率的盛行。现金利率的变动会间接影响市场利率的走势。现金利率是澳大利亚储备银行控制经济通货膨胀的有效工具之一。现金利率由澳大利亚储备银行的官员每月审核一次,并根据经济状况做出相关决策。

英国研究生毕业论文没过:现金利率

Cash rate is the rate at which banks in Australia settles inter-bank transactions. Cash rate can also be defined as the rate at when banks lend overnight loans to each other. Therefore cash rate is one of the important aspects that officials of reserve bank of Australia consider. In this report discussion regarding appropriateness of level of cash rate prevails in the market were undertaken. Australian economy is in stable condition and inflation rate is at lower side. Cash rate impacts interest rate that banks and financial institutions charge on its loan. After analyzing various facts, it is recommended that cash rate shall be increased from current level. Three major discussion points that this report contains are cash rate influences interest rate, higher savings and lower or moderate level of inflation rate with price stability. These discussion points support the decision of increasing cash rate.

Introduction

Australian economy has been enjoying stable economy since many years. There are various regulations that were made and various tools are there to shift gear in terms of economy or inflation rate. In this report, discussion related to cash rate has been done. Various aspects of cash rate have been defined and it will impact the overall interest rate prevailing in the market. Discussion related to increase cash rate or decrease cash rate or sustain present cash rate has been undertaken in this report. Reasons for changing or sustaining cash rate have been discussed in this report as discussion points. Change in inflation rate, higher saving rate and prise are key points that is discussed in this report.

英国研究生毕业论文没过:现金利率

Cash Rate Decision

Monetary policy is the most desirable matter that every citizen wants to understand because it affects each and every individual. Under monetary policy, the overall conditions of economy were measured and steps were taken to strengthen the economic conditions. There are various factors that were considered while formulating the monetary policies, like the interest rate, target inflation rate, inflow and outflow of funds and many more matters. However, decisions related to cash rate (increase, decrease or sustain) impacts nation and economy of the country.

Basic Theme of Cash Rate

Cash rate is the rate that bank charges on its overnight loans that they provide to other banks. Official cash rate is the rate which is charged by Reserve Bank of Australia only on overnight loans landed to banks. Cash rate impacts flow of money in the financial market and indirectly impacts the economy of the country. Cash rate plays an important role when it comes to inter-bank settlement overnight that is to be settled through central bank. Central bank has the option to settle such transaction or overnight loans by sale or purchase of bonds or other securities (Sinclair and De Silva, 2013). Therefore, this will impact interest rate prevailing in the market. Change in cash rate will indirectly influence the interest rate prevailing in the market. Cash rate is one of the effective tools that Reserve bank of Australia has in their hand to manage inflation in the economy. Cash rate is reviewed by officials of Reserve Bank of Australia every month and on the basis of economic condition they take relevant decision.

英国代写国际大一论文

英国代写国际大一论文 对于论文写作,很多同学都感觉很麻烦很不好写。如果论文检测没有通过,对于我们来说是很痛苦的,这意味着还得重新写作。那么,有哪些办法才能让我们的论文通过呢?

英国代写国际大一论文

那么,本篇来详细讲解论文的通过。

本文试就如何撰写论文作简要论述,供参考。

论文在于总结学习专业的成果,培养综合运用所学知识解决实际问题的能力。

从文体而言,它也是对某一专业领域的现实问题或理论问题进行科学研究探索的具有一定意义的论说文。完成论文的撰写可以分两个步骤,即选择课题和研究课题。

首先是选择课题。选题是论文撰写成败的关键。因为,选题是论文撰写的第一步,它实际上就是确定”写什么”的问题,亦即确定科学研究的方向。

英国代写国际大一论文

要坚持选择有科学价值和现实意义的课题。科学研究的目的是为了更好地认识世界、改造世界,以推动社会的不断进步和发展。

因此,论文的选题,必须紧密结合社会主义物质文明和精神文明建设的需要,以促进科学事业发展和解决现实存在问题作为出发点和落脚点。

具体地说,学生可从以下三个方面来选题。首先,要从现实的弊端中选题,学习了专业知识,不能仅停留在书本上和理论上,还要下一番功夫,理论联系实际,用已掌握的专业知识,去寻找和解决工作实践中急待解决的问题。其次,要从寻找科学研究的空白处和边缘领域中选题,科学研究

最后,要从寻找前人研究的不足处和错误处选题,在前人已提出来的研究课题中,许多虽已有初步的研究成果,但随着社会的不断发展,还有待于丰富、完整和发展,这种补充性或纠正性的研究课题,也是有科学价值和现实指导意义的。

要根据自己的能力选择切实可行的课题。论文的写作是一种创造性劳动,不但要有学生个人的见解和主张,同时还需要具备一定的客观条件。由于学生个人的主观、客观条件都是各不相同的,因此在选题时,还应结合自己的特长、兴趣及所具备的客观条件来选题。具体地说,学生可从以下三个方面来综合考虑。

最后总结,对于国际大一的留学生来说,论文的写作如何通过检测,就要介绍到这里。留学生如果有代写国际大一的论文需求,欢迎随时联系本站客服。

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英国艺术史论文代写:IT操作管理框架

英国艺术史论文代写:IT操作管理框架

在理解IT操作和服务管理时,有许多有趣的事情需要理解和观察,比如流程设计如何导致人们选择其中一个。COBIT和ITIL已经被用于IT运营和管理。从理论上阅读它不同于批判性地理解它。当像理解框架模型那样理解它们时,它们可以在其实现中被理解,并且以一种非常全面的方式被理解。信息技术基础设施库ITIL主要是一组专注于为企业提供高效IT服务的实践。这门课帮助我深入了解了ITIL和COBIT在基于过程的实践中的区别。例如,COBIT和ITIL都提供了关于如何治理和管理IT相关服务的指导,但是这些服务在内部管理或连接IT基础设施的方式是不同的。理解这些差异将使实现更加成功。

英国艺术史论文代写:IT操作管理框架

现在,必须由这些治理服务设置来处理内部和外部资产和资源。这只有在确定了不同的涉众需求时才有可能。现在,使用COBIT 5有助于理解企业如何能够实现、操作和改进这些治理原则。因此,本质上COBIT 5的直接目标是包含涉众需求。我从我的课程中学到的一个重要的理解是,以不同的方式观察治理单元中的不同人员。并不是所有的利益相关者都是相同的,存在不同形式的利益相关者,了解这些差异对于治理管理人员来说是至关重要的。当COBIT能够在治理和管理上下文中从一端到另一端地指导企业时,可以说ITIL将从价值的角度为it服务提供者提供关于服务管理执行的指导。

英国艺术史论文代写:IT操作管理框架

In understanding IT operations and service management, there are so many interesting things to understand and observe as to how the process designs lead to people choosing one over another. COBIT and ITIL have been made use of in IT operations and management. Reading it theoretically is different from understanding it critically. When understanding them as in the case of the framework models, they could be understood in its implementation and more in a very comprehensive way. Information technology infrastructure library ITIL is majorly the set of practices which are focused on presenting efficient IT services for businesses. This course helped me to gain a thorough understanding on the differentiations in the practices based on processes between ITIL and COBIT. For instance, both COBIT and ITIL have been provided for guidance on how to govern and manage IT related services, but the way these services would manage or connect with IT infrastructure in-house is different. Understanding these differentiations will make the implementation more successful.

英国艺术史论文代写:IT操作管理框架

Now there are both internal and external assets and resources that have to be handled by these governance service set-ups. This is possible only when the different stakeholder needs are identified. Now the use of COBIT 5 is useful to understand how enterprises would be able to implement, operate and improve on these governance principles. Therefore in essence COBIT 5 it directly aims to include stakeholder requirements. One of the key significant understandings that I take away from my coursework is to look at the different people in the governance unit in different ways. Not all stakeholders are the same, there are different forms of stakeholders and it is essential for the governance management personnel’s to understand these differences. Where COBIT is able to guide the enterprises from end to end in the context of governance and management, it could be said that ITIL would provide guidance for IT service providers with respect to the service management executions from the value perspective.

英国德语学论文代写:文化影响

英国德语学论文代写:文化影响

文化在很大程度上与人们如何思考和管理他们的多样化利益有关。特别是不同文化背景的人往往具有相对的伦理利益和绝对的伦理标准。道德标准被人们所处的环境所接受。他们被认为是一个地方的大多数人认为是好的。在社会结构中,如果人们不遵守必要的道德标准,就会根据对这些地方实施的法律实施制裁或其他惩罚。不道德行为的后果将取决于个人生活的社会中存在的规则制定形式。这些规则的执行者被认为是决策的权威。可以将社会作为一种制度与实际的公司制度进行类比。管理伦理实践和决策的观点来自对伦理的影响。影响伦理道德的因素既有外部因素,也有相互作用的因素。文化作为外部和内部因素与组织相关联。本组织所在国家的文化具有重要意义。文化也可以理解为与组织一起工作的大多数人的文化背景。

英国德语学论文代写:文化影响

文化是对管理观点的挑战

“当一个人接受竞争优势是通过满足客户和发展人员的双重焦点获得时,就会对伦理和商业文化之间的关系产生模糊的解释”(Lozano, 1998)。当涉及到道德决策时,管理观点所面临的挑战是回答一个理性的人在道德困境中会做什么。研究人员Hojnacki(2004)认为,在不考虑文化影响的情况下,应该应用三条管理规则。首先,必须运用私利原则。这是一条规则,首先确定从决策中获益的人。这可能是经理做的,也可能是其他人。第二,决定或行动必须由管理人员在更广泛的范围内加以考虑,如谁将受到影响。这有助于从所有利益相关者的角度理解道德行为。最后,这里有一个利益与负担的观点。这是为了了解最终结果是有好处还是有负担。对于团队中的管理者来说,可能会出现的文化问题是,当个人共同完成一个项目时,团队的核心价值观可能是一致的,也可能是不同的。群体中的个体通常会为了群体的价值而牺牲自己的价值。现在重要的问题是要理解在面对伦理问题时这些价值观是一致的还是群体动力会受到巨大的压力成为一个问题。这需要由管理者来调节。当文化的影响被引入讨论时,管理人员对道德决策的感知就变得更具挑战性。

英国德语学论文代写:文化影响

Culture has much to do with how people think and how people manage their diversified interests. In particular it is established that people in different cultures tend to have relative ethical interests and absolute ethical standards. Ethical standards are accepted as per the environment that people are in. They are considered as the majority good considered by a populace within a place setting. In societal structures where people do not follow the required ethical standards then there will be sanctions imposed or other penalties according to the laws imposed on such places. The consequences of unethical behavior will be dependent on the form of rulemaking that exists in the society in which the person lives. The enforcers of these rules are considered to be the authorities in decision making. An analogy can be drawn between society as an institution and an actual corporate institution. Management perspectives on ethical practices and decision making is drawn from influences on ethics. Influence on ethics is from both external factors and interact factors. Culture is associated to organization as both an external and internal factor. Culture of the country where the organization operates in is significant. Culture can also be understood as the cultural background of the sum majority of people who are working with the organization.

英国德语学论文代写:文化影响

Culture as a Challenge to Managerial Perspectives

“Ambiguous interpretations of the relationship between ethics and business culture occur when one accepts that competitive advantage is gained through a dual focus: satisfying customers and developing people” (Lozano, 1998). The challenges to managerial perspectives when it comes to ethical decision making is answering for what a reasonable person would do in an ethical dilemma. In a situation where the impact of culture is perhaps not considered, then according to researcher Hojnacki (2004) three management rules should be applied. Firstly, the rule of private gain must be applied. This is a rule where the person who gains from the decision is first identified. This could be the manager making the deicison or others. Secondly, the decision or action must be considered by the manager in a broader context, as in who would be affected. This can help understand ethical behavior in terms of all stakeholders. Finally, there is a benefit versus burden perspective here. This is to understand whether there are benefits as end result or whether there are burdens. Now the cultural issues that could arise as challenges to the manager in the group are that when individuals work together on a prject, the core values of the group could be aligned or could be different. Individuals within a group usually end up compromising their own values for a group value. Now the important question is to understand if in facing ethical issues would such values be aligned or would group dynamics come under immense pressure becomes a question. This needs to be moderated by managers. Managerial perception on ethical decision making becomes more challenging when the influence of culture is brought into the discussion.

英国英语语言研究论文代写:领导力

英国英语语言研究论文代写:领导力

如今,企业已经开始认识到领导力对于改善工作生活、承诺、绩效和工作满意度的重要性(Northouse, 2007;白金汉和沃斯堡,2001年)。当领导力得到有效执行时,员工绩效、员工对公司的承诺、保留、知识共享、增长以及继任计划都有可量化的改善(Capowski, 1994)。领导力的定义不止一个,而是几个。著名作家Gonzalez和Guillen(2002)曾引用过这样的观点:对于领导力,有多少定义就有多少定义。然而,Neely等人(2001)总结了其中一种说法,认为领导者是拥有大量追随者的人。Yukl(2006)补充说,获得和加强追随者的基础需要强大的影响技能以及良好的整合计划。

英国英语语言研究论文代写:领导力

许多研究者和理论家也表示,领导几乎是类似于社会影响过程发生在定期在不同的组的成员,而一些人甚至他们的报告中提到,基本上是一个领导方法有效地领导为了达到目标(冈萨雷斯和吉兰,2002;马提瑙和所有;2004)。然而,最值得讨论的问题是,领导者是在多年的经验中出生还是培养出来的(Collier et al., 2000)。研究人员仍在试图探索领导力是可以教会的,还是仅仅是一种性格特征。Capowski(1994)进一步指出,领导艺术并不是一项简单的任务,领导者尤其需要具备专业的远见卓识、整合能力、对工作的承诺、创造力、创新本质、冒险潜力以及丰富的无私和信任。此外,考虑到上述讨论,本文试图阐明麦当劳澳大利亚首席执行官安德鲁·格雷戈里的领导风格。

英国英语语言研究论文代写:领导力

In the present day, companies have begin to view the importance of leadership for improving work life, commitment, performance and job contentment (Northouse, 2007; Buckingham and Vosburgh, 2001). At the time when leadership is executed effectively, there are quantifiable enhancements in staff performance, employee commitment towards the company, retention, knowledge sharing, growth as well as succession planning (Capowski, 1994). There is not just one but several definitions for leadership. The famous writers, Gonzalez and Guillen (2002) have quoted that there are as many definitions for leadership as there exist the individuals and researchers who have attempted to define it. However, Neely et al. (2001) sum up it one statement and mentions that the leader is the person who has significant amount of followers. Yukl (2006) add to it stating that gaining and strengthening follower’s base requires strong influencing skills as well as well planned integrations.

英国英语语言研究论文代写:领导力

A number of researchers and theorists have also stated that leadership is almost similar to the social influencing procedures which happen at regular basis amongst the various members of a group while some have even mentioned in their reports that leadership is basically an approach to lead efficiently in order to achieve goals (Gonzalez and Guillen, 2002; Martineau and Hannum; 2004). However, the biggest question to debate over is if leaders are born or made over the years through experiences (Collier et. al., 2000). Researchers are still trying to explore if leadership can be taught or is it merely a personality trait. Capowski (1994) add to it by mentioning that art of leadership is not an easy task and a leader in particular needs to possess expert visionary skills, integration capabilities, commitment towards work, creativity, innovative nature, risk-taking potential and abundance of selflessness and trust. Further, taking the above discussion into consideration this particular paper attempts to throw light on the leadership style of McDonalds Australia CEO i.e. Andrew Gregory.