Conversation analysis is most commonly abbreviated as CA. This is an approach undertaken to study of social interaction. In this there is both verbal and non-verbal conduct that can be found in situations of everyday life. In a casual conversation is found to occur in everyday situations from doctor’s office to the supermarkets (Searle, 1977). This conversation analysis has helped the people in understanding of the analysis of the social interactions.
In casual conversations it has been found that they undertake a turn-taking model. This turn taking model is found in the absence of formalized system of talking. In the case of adjacency pairs, there are simple conversations between two party. In this system the people naturally take turns while speaking to each other. In the case of multi party conversations there is more complicated procedures that has been found. There are no real protocols as to who will talk next in the conversation. Conversational system takes place in turn but a series of turns. The flow of the conversation cannot be really understood. In this process there is a ‘turn commodity’ that has been followed.
In this there is a repeats and usage of certain lexical forms. The turn-taking system encompasses of two distinct components there are the allocation mechanism and constructional component. Allocation mechanism is responsible for distributing a turn and the lexical components that parties utilize in filling. In the case of turn constructional component there are basic turns that are fashioned. It has been considered that at a transition relevance place (TRP), there are a set of rules that are followed by quick succession. In this case the current speaker selects the next person who could speak in the conversation. This could be initiated with body language such as gaze, environmental cues such as requesting some actions. In some cases the person who is supposed to speak next self-selects. There is no real respondent. This conversation just starts by the next speaker on an impulse. In some cases when there are no real respondents to the conversation the next person just continues to take up the conversation.