英國碩士論文:菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費

英國碩士論文:菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費

在許多文化中,菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費佔主導地位。由於它們對社會和健康的不良影響,加上人們對它們漠不關心,政府往往有責任解決這些問題,勸阻人們不要過度消費這些商品。政府經常採取財政措施來打消人們消費這些不健康物品的積極性,比如提高產品的稅收或對產品實行最低價格。英國政府採取的一項政策是在非許可證商店和超市(而不是酒吧、俱樂部等)引入最低單位酒精價格。本研究的目的是評估不同的現有文獻中涉及到這個話題,並推斷這樣的政策是否會對經濟產生積極的影響。這項研究綜合了針對這一或類似目的進行的不同研究,以得出上述政策在英格蘭和威爾士是否有效的結論。本文綜述了基於定位的研究和基於干預的研究。由於在點策略使用了對選擇位置的干預,因此分析需要關注消費者對這些位置的干預的敏感性或響應。

英國碩士論文:菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費

Naimi, Nelson and Brewer(2010),第一個同類研究,評估了美國各州的酗酒行爲。雖然本研究的重點是確定與酗酒相關的獨立因素,而不是地點,但它提出了飲酒的某些方面,與地點一起,將有助於評估在本文中考慮的政策的效果。研究發現,18-34歲的非白人年輕男性更容易酗酒。研究還得出結論,豪飲主要與啤酒有關,其次是葡萄酒或烈酒。

英國碩士論文:菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費

Consumption of non-healthy commercial products like tobacco and alcohol is predominant in many cultures. Due to their ill social and health effects coupled with indifference of people about them, it often falls unto the government to tackle these issues and dissuade people from over-consuming these commodities. The government often resorts to fiscal measures to demotivate people from consuming such unhealthy items, like increased taxation of the products or imposing a minimum price on the goods. One such policy adopted by the Government of UK is the introduction of minimum unit pricing of alcohol at off-license shops and supermarkets (and not bars, clubs etc.). The aim of this study is to assess different existing literatures that touch this topic and to infer if such a policy will yield any positive result in the economy. The study is a synthesis of different researches done with this or similar objective to conclude if the aforementioned policy will be effective in England and Wales. The review looks at two kinds of researches- location based and intervention based. Since the policy-in-point uses an intervention on selective locations, the analysis needs to focus on the sensitivity or response of consumers to the intervention at these locations.

英國碩士論文:菸草和酒精等非健康商業產品的消費

Naimi, Nelson and Brewer (2010), the first study of its kind, assessed the binge drinking behaviour in the selected states of America. While the focus of this study is to identify independent factors associated with binge drinking and not on location, it brings forth certain aspects of binging on alcohol which together with location, will be useful in assessing the effect of the policy being considered in this paper. The study found that binge drinking is associated more with young males of non-white race in the age group of 18-34 years. It also concluded that binge drinking was mostly associated with beer followed by wine or liquor.