The civil war which happened in the year 1865, gave freedom to more than 4 million slaves; however, a fresh set of challenges were introduced in the wake of rebuilding the South during the period of reconstruction which extended from 1865 to1877 respectively. As per the new administrative office, there were restrictive codes for the Blacks better known as black codes which were passed to control the behavior and labor of various people who were slaves before as well as those of African American respectively (Lang 559-589). However, within a decade’s time, these reactionary level of forces under the leadership of Ku Klux Klan, led to reversal of various changes which were introduced as a part of radical reconstruction reforms in order to backlash the violence thereby leading to the restoration of supremacy for the southerners.
Once the civil war started, to utter dismay of the social reformers, the then president Abraham Lincoln didn’t attach much importance towards abolition of the slavery in the era of Union war. He was skeptical regarding the same as he thought that this kind of drastic step might not go well with the Northerners thereby upsetting them (Fitzgerald 34-55). However, due to such strict codes of conduct with limited public access, the blacks by 1862 went forward to put their issues across while the Lincoln troops were marching towards the Southerners. This kind of interaction brought about the fact regarding the contention showed by many of the slaves. This was regarding bondage labor and thus Lincoln soon realized that emancipation of the same is an absolute requirement. He kept in mind the necessities of the military and political scenario. Towards the end of the war, as a result of emancipation and proclamation, more than 3 million blacks were freed who further enlisted themselves with the Union Army (Edwards 64-89).
The year 1863, which saw emancipation and proclamation where African American were freed led to the creation of thirteenth amendment regarding their respective positions (Viejo-Rose 125-148).Due to this, a large mass of Black Southerners have now faced difficulty as a result of the confrontation given out by the black northerners, where a set of free people are surrounded by supreme white population. It was especially difficult as practically the whites didn’t know how to accept a black person and the blacks in turn felt weak when surrounded by whites.
In fact, post Emancipation Proclamation and further approximately more than two years within the war, the nation still felt unprepared to finalize on the status of citizenship for the black population who were freed and also served the Union Army(Viejo-Rose 125-148).The congress implemented the reconstruction which basically lasted for approximately eleven years thereby aiming to reorganize the overall Southern areas once the Civil war started, thereby providing means for readmission within the Union, and redefining ways through which both blacks and whites can stay together in a society which is largely empowered by non-slavery. However, the Southerners associated the process of reconstruction with that of humiliation and found this kind of imposition to be vengeful thereby showcasing an unwelcoming attitude.