Conflicts among people started since the beginning of the world. Wherever there are two different people, they possess two different opinions and conflicts in their perceptions. When these opinion conflicts grow, they turn into combats and wars. When men live collectively, there are certain matters on which difference of opinions exist. When these differences of opinions and perceptions take violent form, there is an upwelling of use of arms and weapons. In a war between nations or state-civilian war, usually both parties possess weapons and machinery to fight and resist the enemy. These elements can be harmful for the society in both situation of conflict and peace. They act as a hurdle in the way of building peace in a society, as there is always a chance of violence again, even when the conflict is resolved (Hanggi, 2005).
In such a condition, there is a need to disarm these elements. Peace negotiations revolve around the issue of disarming and demobilizing the armed groups and individuals, and letting them set up in their social lives (Brzoska, 2005; Pirnie, 1998). The whole process which aids in disarming and settling of the combatants in their social and economic lives is termed as DDR– Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration, by international authorities (Bon, 2003; Macrae, 1995). This whole program is considered as a vital step of peace making in any society. The World Bank refers this program as an essential element in bringing the state of a community from war to peace effectively (Gamba, 1998).
Moreover, if DDR program suffers a failure, it may subject harm to peace agreement and sustainability of peace (UN, 2001). The whole process of elimination of arms, standing down or discharging of combatants and their integration in society and giving them previous social and economic status in the community, is a long term and challenging task. It requires proper knowledge of terms, does and don’ts of the procedure and essential protocols to incorporate a DDR program in a community (Lund, 1997). The three phases of the program are independent of each other while their time frames may overlap. This report provides insight into the whole program details, its contribution to peace building, and the challenges of the task.