本文主要講發達國家向汽車企業提供補貼，一般來說，發達國家採取的行動與發展中國家不同。然而，他們大幅增加了對陷入困境的國內生產組織的補貼。這為他們提供了與未獲得補貼的全球競爭者的競爭優勢(Hay, 2012)。因此，這導致了貿易的扭曲。這一點在汽車工業中表現得很明顯。為了保護本國製造商，避免破產，保住工作，發展中國家，如瑞典，意大利，德國，法國，加拿大，英國和美國在2008年至2009年期間向汽車製造商提供了超過450億美元的補貼( Helleiner, 2011)。本篇論文 代寫 價格文章由英國論文通AssignmentPass輔導網整理，供大家參考閱讀。
In the general sense, developed nations took different actions than developing nations. However, they made a sharp increase in subsidies to troubled organizations in domestic production. This provided them a competitive edge against unsubsidized global competitors (Hay, 2012). Therefore, this resulted in the distortion of trade. This was well evident in the case of automobile industry. For the purpose of protecting national producers, staving off bankruptcies, and holding over the jobs, developing nations such as Sweden, Italy, Germany, France, Canada, Britain and United States gave more than 45 billion dollars to car manufacturers in subsidies between 2008 and 2009 (Helleiner, 2011).
The issue with these subsidies ended up causing a switch in production to less efficient plants from highly efficient plants having a benefit because of state support. Subsidies are also referred as bailouts. Rules have been set in international trade law against manufacturing subsidies, if they end up taking some forms or are having specific influenced across the market platform. There is less knowledge regarding the wider consequences of subsidies in several American sectors and automobile industry, worldwide and domestically (Hood and Hamill, 2017). Desperate periods hold the requirement of desperate measures. The automobile sales of United States came down by 37 per cent than the year 2007.
The need was identified for shaping response effectively while saving the automobile sector and preventing widespread misery all across the American economy. United States was not the only nation to contemplate automobile and additional subsidies as an approach to confront international recession. The Europeans also drafted a plan of auto subsidies now. China and Canada have started to assist the automobile manufacturers. In the duration of Great Depression, a war of tariff resulted in suppressing the level of demand (Kim, 2017). This ended up contracting global trade and deepening and prolonging agony of global economy. Global trade already started to shrink. It was the United States of America that ended up urging other WTO members for agreeing upon international rules that restrict subsidies.