swot analysis 代写：世界政治中的权力配置
如前所述，肯尼斯·瓦尔兹的新现实主义理论导致了东盟国家在国际关系中形成的一种新的现实主义论点，表明两极分化的结束将导致该地区注定陷入混乱(弗里德伯格，1998年，第7-45页)。这是因为对于新现实主义追随者来说，两极是一个高度稳定的国际体系，相对于多极化而言，不仅在体系的持久性方面，而且在整个体系中存在的秩序与冲突之间的平衡方面(Ross, 2013, pp. 20-40)。冷战的结束将导致在两极管理下出现与冲突有关的减压。因此，现实主义有助于描绘冷战后亚洲秩序的更黑暗形象。
swot analysis 代写：世界政治中的权力配置
Whether policy oriented or academic, power balance is viewed by realists as the main force that shapes the international relations in Asia post war, with US being the chief balancer in the region. A main proponent of this perspective is Lee Kuan Yew, who was a long term ruler of Singapore (Algappa, 2003). He ascribed that not only stability in Asia, but also the robust growth in economy in the region are due to the military presence of US within Asia Pacific region. According to him, the presence of US and Indochina intervention caused security to grow in the region against the expansion of China and Russia allowing the remaining Asian states enough time to develop themselves.
As said before, the new theory of realism by Kenneth Waltz led towards a new realist argument to develop in the IR among ASEAN states illustrating the view that end to bipolarity will result in disorder causing the region to be doomed (Friedberg, 1998, pp. 7-45). This is because for the neo realist followers, bipolarity is a highly stabilizing international system in comparison to multi-polarity not only with regard to system durability but also with regard to balance between order and conflict that is existing across this system (Ross, 2013, pp. 20-40). The Cold War end would lead towards witnessing conflict related decompression supported under management of bipolarity. Therefore, realism helps in painting a darker image of post-cold war order in Asia.
Questions on power vacuum in ASEAN region in turn begs for the question that who will be filling this gap. The Realist prognosis initially was in favour of multi-polar competition that featured a rise of China, India and remilitarized Japan (due to US retrenchment) (Mearsheimer, 2001). However with double digit economy growth persistence in China matched with double annual enhancement in expenditure on defence, the rise of China became the main focus point for realists. From the perspective of “power transition theory, an inevitable confrontation was seen by realists between US (status quo power) and the rising challenger power (China. Giving way to such confrontations was offensive realism’s logic which viewed a tendency with inevitability in rise of power towards expansionism regionally. The rise of China was likened by Mearsheimer and he related it to that of 19th century US wherein there existed an aspiring hegemony to acquire territories adjacently and impose an influence sphere across the neighbourhood. Expansionism happens not due to the rise of powers hardwired in the mode of expansion but due to anarchy having the ability of inducing a concern to survive even when the competition is with most powerful acting states. In brief, more power suffers from anxieties of survival which is no lesser than of the weaker nations and it is this notion to survive that drives the states towards hegemony regionally (Algappa, 2003). This results in “expand to survive” being the paradoxical logic.