英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

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11/04/2019

英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

联合国粮农组织表示,生物技术的应用具有非常重要的好处,因为它提高了作物的抗逆性和抗旱性。这使农民能够应付困难时期,特别是干旱地区的灾难。农业生物技术使作物内的维生素和矿物质激增。因此,可持续性增加,并激励小农获得巨大的收益。这也将确保他们获得可持续的收入。特别是组织培养技术,在非卡文迪什香蕉栽培中创造了革命。该技术在全国范围内具有生产组织培养植物的巨大能力,使通常的产量翻了一番。农民最终受益于产量翻倍,利润增加和非卡文迪什香蕉作物可以承受所有的收获季节。

组织培养技术也使农民能够保持他们的作物无虫害。因此,总体气候对农民仍然非常有利。为了满足粮食安全,非洲的主要育种方案已经在进行中。该育种策略最初是由农家乐研究基金会(FHIA)引进的,重点是提高二倍体产量。这种二倍体具有较强的抗性,并具有与其他母本交配生产非卡文迪什香蕉的能力。生育能力强,约束条件有限。

然而,另一种生物技术是微繁殖。这种技术对于背景有限的农民很方便。这项技术涉及劳动密集型技术,以便大规模地开始工厂生产。这就加强了繁殖和收获的过程。植物繁殖的速度更快(Bunders, 2008)。比尔和梅林达•盖茨基金会(Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation)最近专门为非洲小规模农民开展的项目,从种子生产、测试、实地检查、认证、种植、收获、维护和后期生产方法等方面,更大程度地运用了生物技术。现在,这项技术将使非洲在粮食方面保持安全。它还可以填补该地区农民及其家庭的饥饿。

世界银行(WB)和国际货币基金组织(IMF)已经向非洲农民提供了支持,他们的家庭增长主要依赖于农作物的产量。现在,这种支持存在于生物技术领域。传统育种和生物技术的结合,帮助种植和管理新的和改进的香蕉,这是基因抗性和可靠的目标消费者。香蕉在非洲非常昂贵。尤其是,在非洲,煮香蕉已经很稀缺,这就要求立即需要先进的技术,既能扩大生产,又能满足农民的需求。

英国毕业论文格式:生物技术的应用

The application of biotechnology, according to UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, has a very important benefit as it increases the resilience and drought resistance to the crops. This enables the farmers to cope with hard times especially calamities in dry areas.Agricultural biotechnology proliferates the vitamins and minerals within the crops. As a result, the sustainability increases and motivates the small farmers to get benefited with huge yields. This will also secure sustainable incomes to them. In particular, tissue culture is one such technique that has created revolution in non – Cavendish banana cultivation. With a large capacity to produce tissue cultured plants throughout the country, the technique doubles the usual productivity. The farmer eventually gets benefited as the yields double, profitability increases and non – Cavendish banana crops can withstand at all harvest seasons.

Tissue culture technology also enables the farmers to maintain their crops pest free. As a result, the overall climate remains highly favourable to the farmers. Major breeding programmes are already in progress in Africa to meet food security. The breeding strategy was initially introduced by Foundation Hondurena de Investigation Agricola (FHIA) where improved diploid production was the focus. Such diploid has strong resistance and has the ability to mate with other female parent to produce non – Cavendish bananas. The fertility is strong and the constraints are limited.

Yet, another biotechnology technique is micro propagation. This technique is handy to farmers with constrained backgrounds. This technique involves labour intensive technology in order to initiate plant production in a large scale basis.This fastens the breeding and harvesting processes. The plant multiplications happen at a faster pace (Bunders, 2008). The recent project by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation exclusively for small scale farmers in Africa deploys biotechnology to a larger extent from the seed production, testing, field inspection, certification, plantation, harvesting, and maintenance and post production methods. Now, this technology is going to let Africa remain secured in terms of food. It can also fill the hunger of farmers as well as their families in the region.

World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) have extended their support to farmers in Africa who largely rely on crop productivity for their family growth. Now, the support exists in terms of biotechnology. Classical breeding along with incorporation of biotechnology has helped grow and manage new and improved banana that is genetically resistant and reliable to the targeted consumers. Bananas have been extremely expensive in Africa. Especially, the cooking bananas have gone in scarce in Africa and it calls for an immediate need of advanced techniques that can proliferate production and also fill the needs of farmers.

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