英国毕业论文:英语学习者的难点

英国毕业论文:英语学习者的难点

与汉语相比,英语由几个元音组成。然而,即使汉语的一些元音和英语一样,它们也不完全相同。此外,汉语的发音规则表明相似的元音在不同的场景、短语和单词中发音会有所不同。有时,讲汉语的人在发音上有时会遇到困难。这是因为在英语中,拼写系统缺乏规则性。因此,相同的字母最终会与几个高度依赖于明显单词的发音相对应。说英语的人利用句子中的重音来突出句子中的重要单词(O ‘Seaghdha et al., 2010)。

英国毕业论文:英语学习者的难点

有时,讲汉语的人会努力把所有的单词准确、完整地表达出来。这使得解码速度对听众来说是很困难的,因为他们无法理解说话人想要表达的意思。在普通话中有使用改变的音调或音高区分具有相似发音的词。与英语相比,整个句子使用的语调较少。这给以汉语为母语的人有效地学习、理解和使用英语语调模式带来了困难。许多讲普通话的人最终会把他们在英语单词发音中使用的最后辅音的习惯转换成汉语。因此,他们要么放弃最后的辅音,要么在这个词的结尾添加一个额外的元音(Chen et al., 2007)。由于这个原因,在英语中插入最后元音和省略最后辅音都会引起一定的误解。由于音节结构的负迁移,一些说话人最终更加强调最后辅音。由于这个原因,在结尾插入一个额外的元音成为说汉语的人的主要问题。由于受母语的影响,很多学习者都有缩短双元音或用英语单音取代英语单音的倾向。

英国毕业论文:英语学习者的难点

English consists of several vowel sounds in comparison with Chinese languages. However, they are not identical even though some vowels of Chinese are same as English. In addition, rules of pronunciation in Chinese depict that similar vowels will be sounding different in various scenarios, phrases and words. At times, Chinese speakers face difficulties in pronouncing vowels of English consistently. This is specific because in English, there is lack of regularity in the spelling system. As a result, the same letters end up corresponding with several sounds that are highly dependent on the apparent word. Speakers of English utilize stress on sentence for highlighting significant words within a sentence (O’Seaghdha et al., 2010).

英国毕业论文:英语学习者的难点

At times, Chinese speakers put in efforts in providing all words correctly and fully. This makes decoding of speed difficult for the listeners in working out the intended meaning of the speakers. There is use of changed tones or pitch in Mandarin Chinese for distinguishing words having similar pronunciation. There is use of less intonation in the entire sentence in comparison with in English. This created difficulty for speakers of Chinese in learning, understanding and using patterns of intonation in English effectively. A number of mandarin speakers end up transferring their habit of final consonants in pronouncing English words. Hence, they either end up dropping the final consonant or end up adding an additional vowel by the ending of this word (Chen et al., 2007). Due to this reason, inserting final vowels and omitting final consonants in English end up causing certain misunderstandings. Some of the speakers end up to lay more emphasis upon final consonant due to negatively transferring the respective syllable structure. Due to this reason, inserting an additional vowel in the end becomes a major issue for Chinese speakers. Being highly affected by their first language, a number of learners hold the tendency of shortening diphthongs, or replacing English monophthongs for English diphthongs.