现金利率是银行对其向其他银行提供的隔夜贷款收取的利率。官方现金利率是澳大利亚储备银行仅对银行隔夜贷款收取的利率。现金利率影响金融市场的资金流动，并间接影响国家的经济。现金利率在银行间的隔夜结算中起着重要的作用。央行有权通过出售或购买债券或其他证券来结算此类交易或隔夜贷款(Sinclair and De Silva, 2013)。因此，这将影响市场利率的盛行。现金利率的变动会间接影响市场利率的走势。现金利率是澳大利亚储备银行控制经济通货膨胀的有效工具之一。现金利率由澳大利亚储备银行的官员每月审核一次，并根据经济状况做出相关决策。
Cash rate is the rate at which banks in Australia settles inter-bank transactions. Cash rate can also be defined as the rate at when banks lend overnight loans to each other. Therefore cash rate is one of the important aspects that officials of reserve bank of Australia consider. In this report discussion regarding appropriateness of level of cash rate prevails in the market were undertaken. Australian economy is in stable condition and inflation rate is at lower side. Cash rate impacts interest rate that banks and financial institutions charge on its loan. After analyzing various facts, it is recommended that cash rate shall be increased from current level. Three major discussion points that this report contains are cash rate influences interest rate, higher savings and lower or moderate level of inflation rate with price stability. These discussion points support the decision of increasing cash rate.
Australian economy has been enjoying stable economy since many years. There are various regulations that were made and various tools are there to shift gear in terms of economy or inflation rate. In this report, discussion related to cash rate has been done. Various aspects of cash rate have been defined and it will impact the overall interest rate prevailing in the market. Discussion related to increase cash rate or decrease cash rate or sustain present cash rate has been undertaken in this report. Reasons for changing or sustaining cash rate have been discussed in this report as discussion points. Change in inflation rate, higher saving rate and prise are key points that is discussed in this report.
Cash Rate Decision
Monetary policy is the most desirable matter that every citizen wants to understand because it affects each and every individual. Under monetary policy, the overall conditions of economy were measured and steps were taken to strengthen the economic conditions. There are various factors that were considered while formulating the monetary policies, like the interest rate, target inflation rate, inflow and outflow of funds and many more matters. However, decisions related to cash rate (increase, decrease or sustain) impacts nation and economy of the country.
Basic Theme of Cash Rate
Cash rate is the rate that bank charges on its overnight loans that they provide to other banks. Official cash rate is the rate which is charged by Reserve Bank of Australia only on overnight loans landed to banks. Cash rate impacts flow of money in the financial market and indirectly impacts the economy of the country. Cash rate plays an important role when it comes to inter-bank settlement overnight that is to be settled through central bank. Central bank has the option to settle such transaction or overnight loans by sale or purchase of bonds or other securities (Sinclair and De Silva, 2013). Therefore, this will impact interest rate prevailing in the market. Change in cash rate will indirectly influence the interest rate prevailing in the market. Cash rate is one of the effective tools that Reserve bank of Australia has in their hand to manage inflation in the economy. Cash rate is reviewed by officials of Reserve Bank of Australia every month and on the basis of economic condition they take relevant decision.